Friday, August 22, 1997
Russian cosmonauts aboard the space station Mir perform an internal spacewalk to repair some of the damage done to the station's Spektr module during a collision in June.
The foreign ministers of the Rio Group arrive in Asuncion, Paraguay, for a summit.
Islamist groups in Turkey demonstrate against secular education reforms in the country.
Japan's Foreign Minister Yukihiko Ikeda visits Poland.
On the horizon
On Saturday, August 23, Taiwan's ruling Nationalist Party holds its 15th Congress in Taipei to re-elect its party chairman and vice chairman and discuss major party affairs
On Sunday, August 24, the 10th World Conference on Tobacco on
Health is scheduled to take place in Beijing.
On Monday, August 25, NASA's Advanced Composition Explorer is
set for a late-morning launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida,
aboard a Boeing Delta II rocket.
On Tuesday, August 26, the National Organization for Women is scheduled to mark Women's Equality Day.
On Wednesday, August 27, the annual Venice Film Festival opens in Italy.
On this day
In 1138, the English defeated the Scots at Cowton Moor.
Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to it being called the Battle of the Standard.
In 1485, Richard III of England was defeated and killed at The Battle of Bosworth Field, the last of the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of Lancaster and York.
In 1567, the Duke of Alba, sent to re-establish Spanish
authority in the Netherlands, instituted the Council of Troubles at the start of his tyrannical rule. It was nicknamed the "Council of Blood."
In 1642, the Civil War in England began, between the
supporters of Charles I (Royalists or Cavaliers) and of
In 1788, the British settlement in Sierra Leone was founded.
Britain said it was to provide a home in Africa for freed slaves and homeless Africans from England.
In 1851, the U.S. yacht America outraced the British yacht
Aurora off Cowes, England, winning the silver trophy offered by the Royal Yacht Squadron of Great Britain (America's Cup).
In 1864, the Geneva Convention for the protection of the
wounded during times of active warfare was signed, leading to
the formation of the Red Cross.
In 1910, Korea was annexed by Japan after five years as a
In 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Belgium.
In 1922, Irish politician and Sinn Fein leader Michael Collins was killed in an ambush. He led the Irish delegation which signed the 1921 Anglo-Irish treaty by which Ireland was
In 1930, the two halves of Sydney Harbor Bridge were joined
together. It was eventually opened in March 1932.
In 1941, Nazi troops reached the outskirts of Leningrad. They
eventually surrounded the city on September 8 at the start of
the siege which lasted until January 1944.
In 1962, the Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered ship, completed her maiden voyage from Yorktown, Virginia, to
In 1968, Pope Paul VI arrived in Colombia on the first visit
by a pontiff to Latin America.
In 1971, Bolivian President General Juan Jose Torres Gonzalez
was deposed in a coup by Colonel Hugo Banzer Suarez, who drew
support from the right-wing Falange Socialista Boliviana and the army.
In 1973, Henry Kissinger was named U.S. Secretary of State,
replacing William Rogers.
In 1978, Nicaragua's Sandinista guerrillas took over the
National Palace for three days, killing six and taking several hundred hostages.
In 1994, Jordan, overwhelmed by a flood of refugees, closed
its border to arrivals from Kuwait and Iraq.
In 1995, Parliament elected Negaso Gidada president of the
newly-named Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
In 1996, the 61-nation Conference on Disarmament in Geneva
ended in failure after India blocked an agreement on a
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
With the off and on appearance of foodborne illness in the headlines, many Americans may be wondering what they can do to protect themselves from the diseases lurking on their plates. It turns out that many of the answers can be found at the USDA/FDA Foodborne Illness Education Information Center on the Web.
Holidays and more
Arthur Ray Bradbury is 77.
Former astronaut Gerald Paul Carr is 65.
Actress Valerie Harper is 56.
Singer John Lee Hooker is 80.
Actress Sylva Koscina is 64.
Football coach Bill Parcells is 56.
Retired army general Norman H. Schwarzkopf is 63.
Actress Cindy Williams is 49.
Baseball Hall of Famer Carl Yastrzemski is 58.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan