Saturday, August 16, 1997
President Suharto gives the state-of-the-nation Independence Day address in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Neo-Nazis march in Berlin to mark the 10th anniversary of the death of Hitler's former deputy Rudolf Hess.
China is expected to launch the Mabuhay satellite from
its Sichuan Xichang launch site.
The 32nd annual symposium of European marine biologists opens in Sweden.
On the horizon
On Sunday, August 17, the "first-ever
Elvis Conference cruise" of the Caribbean leaves port, hosted by the
International Conference on Elvis Presley.
On Monday, August 18, the first female cadets are scheduled
to arrive at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington,
On Tuesday, August 19, U.S. President Bill Clinton celebrates his 51st birthday. Second Lady Tipper Gore celebrates her 49th birthday.
On Wednesday, August 20, Morocco's King Hassan addresses the nation ahead of legislative elections scheduled for October.
On Thursday, August 21, the International Stamp Show opens in Beijing, China.
On this day
n 1513, English and German forces under Henry VIII defeated
the French at Guinegate, in what was called "The Battle of the Spurs."
In 1777, American patriots led by General John Stark defeated
the British at the Battle of Bennington during the American
In 1780, Americans led by General Horatio Gates were defeated
by the British, led by General Lord Cornwallis, at Camden, New Jersey, during the American Revolution.
In 1812, U.S. forces in Detroit surrendered to the British in
the War of 1812.
In 1819, the Peterloo Massacre occurred in Manchester, England. Several deaths and hundreds of injuries were caused when troops were called in to disperse a meeting on parliamentary reform.
In 1914, Liege fell to the Germans after unexpectedly fierce
Belgian resistance and heavy German casualties.
In 1960, Cyprus became an independent republic, with
Archbishop Makarios as its first president.
In 1962, Algeria was admitted to the Arab League.
In 1962, following talks in London, agreement was reached on
proposals for the entry of Aden Colony into the Federation of
In 1966, the Declaration of Bogota was signed, calling for
the economic integration of Latin America and non-intervention in the internal affairs of American states.
In 1968, Czechoslovak President Dubcek signed a 20-year
friendship and mutual aid pact with his Romanian counterpart
In 1972, Morocco's King Hassan II escaped unhurt when an
airliner carrying him to Rabat was fired on by Moroccan Air
In 1974, Greek left-wing leader Andreas Papandreou returned
home after six years of self-imposed exile.
In 1977, Elvis Presley died aged 42 from heart failure brought on by abuse of prescribed drugs.
In 1984, John De Lorean was acquitted in Los Angeles of
charges that he conspired to import 100 kg of cocaine, and use the proceeds to save his financially-troubled Northern Ireland sports car company.
In 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein warned U.S. President
Bush that thousands of the troops he sent to the Gulf would
return home in coffins.
In 1995, Bermudans voted to remain a British colony.
In 1996, Leonel Fernandez, a 42-year-old lawyer who grew up in New York City, became the 100th president of the Dominican Republic.
While not necessarily the group launching today's Mabuhay satellite, the China Aerospace Corporation is involved in developing both satellites and rockets in the Middle Kingdom. Visit their 1996 China Air Show Web site for insight into Chinese aerospace efforts.
Holidays and more
Dominican Republic celebrates the Restoration of the Republic.
Gabon celebrates National Day.
The Vatican City State continues to enjoy its Mid-August Holiday.
Actress Angela Bassett is 39.
Actor Robert Culp is 67.
Singer Eydie Gorme is 65.
Sportscaster Frank Gifford is 67.
Pop star Madonna is 39.
Actor Timothy Hutton is 37.
Actress Julie Newmar is 62.
Actor Fess Parker is 70.
Actor Reginald VelJohnson is 45.
Actress Lesley Ann Warren is 51.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan