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Saturday, August 2, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "I think we were close to a disaster."

    -- FBI Assistant Director James Kallstrom

    Today's events

  • Liberia's president-elect, Charles Taylor, takes office at formal inauguration after winning a landslide victory in July 19 elections that ended a civil war launched in December 1989.

  • The Muslim-Croat federation parliament's House of representatives convenes in Sarajevo.

  • The Bosnian Serb government convenes in Banja Luka.

  • The annual day of remembrance to mourn the mass killing of Gypsy prisoners in concentration camps in World War II takes place at Auschwitz, Poland.

  • The World Gold Council holds a seminar on Gold Banking in New Delhi.

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    On the horizon

  • On Sunday, August 3, the annual induction ceremony at Baseball's Hall of Fame is scheduled to take place in Cooperstown, New York.

  • On Monday, August 4, Los Angeles is scheduled to play San Diego in the annual Baseball Hall of Fame game in Cooperstown, New York.

  • On Tuesday, August 5, Franjo Tudjman is scheduled to be sworn in as Croatian President for another five-year term.

  • On Wednesday, August 6, the Solomon Islands hold national elections.

  • On Thursday, August 7, "Achievements and perspectives of the Venezuelan Agenda," a conference, opens in Caracas.

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    On this day

  • In 1100, King William II of England, son of William the Conqueror, was killed by an arrow while hunting in the New Forest.

  • In 1552, the Treaty of Passau revoked the Augsburg Interim of 1548 and gave religious freedom to Lutherans in Germany.

  • In 1589, Henry III of France was assassinated at St. Cloud by Jacques Clement.

  • In 1718, the Quadruple Alliance was formed by Britain, the Netherlands, France and the Holy Roman Empire against an aggressive policy pursued by Spain.

  • In 1802, Napoleon Bonaparte of France was declared "Consul for life," giving him the power to name his successor.

  • In 1830, after three days of an uprising in Paris, Charles X abdicated.

  • In 1858, the British Parliament passed the India Bill, transferring the government of India to the Crown from the East India Company.

  • In 1876, Wild Bill Hickok, a U.S. marshal and one of the most colorful figures of the Wild West, was killed in a saloon.

  • In 1914, Germany occupied Luxembourg and sent an ultimatum to Belgium to allow passage of its troops across its territory.

  • In 1923, Warren G. Harding, the 29th U.S. President from 1921, died in San Francisco on his return from a trip to Alaska. Calvin Coolidge took over the presidency.

  • In 1934, Adolf Hitler declared himself Fuehrer on the death of President Hindenberg.

  • In 1935, Britain passed the Government of India Act, separating Burma and Aden from India effective April 1937.

  • In 1939, Albert Einstein, concerned that German scientists were working on powerful bombs using uranium, wrote to President Roosevelt urging him to start an atomic project.

  • In 1944, Joseph P. Kennedy, a Navy pilot and brother of John F. Kennedy, was killed when his plane exploded over the Belgian coast.

  • In 1945, the Potsdam conference ended with Truman, Stalin and Attlee in agreement on the demilitarization and division of Germany.

  • In 1970, the British army used rubber bullets for the first time to quell a riot in Northern Ireland.

  • In 1989, trade restrictions between Britain and Argentina were lifted for the first time since the 1982 Falklands war.

  • In 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait. The Emir fled to Saudi Arabia; the U.N. Security Council unanimously condemned the Iraqi occupation and demanded Baghdad withdraw.

  • In 1996, Mohamed Farah Aideed, Somali warlord and scourge of the U.S. in 1993, died from his wounds following factional fighting.

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    Today is the day chosen to remember the death of Gypsies at the hand of the Nazis during World War II at Auschwitz. Visit the Auschwitz/Birkeneau page of modern photographs by Alan Jacobs for a Web tribute to those lost to the death camps.


    Holidays and more

  • Costa Rica celebrates Our Lady of the Angels.

  • Actress Joanna Cassidy is 53.

  • Figure skater Linda Sue Fratianne is 37.

  • Actress Kathryn Harrold is 47.

  • Actor Carroll O'Connor is 73.

  • Actor Peter O'Toole is 64.

  • Actress Beatrice Straight is 79.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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