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Friday, July 25, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "People call it the Warren court, but in many ways it was the Brennan court."

    -- Georgetown University law professor Mark Tushnet

    Today's events

  • The Gilroy Garlic Festival opens in Gilroy, California, the "Garlic Capital of the World."

  • A Canadian judge delivers his ruling on Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson's bid to overturn IAAF lifetime ban on competition imposed in March 1993 following positive drug tests after an indoor race in Montreal.

  • Mexico's National Pro-Vida Committee holds a news conference in Mexico City on the alarming rise in AIDS among the country's adolescents.

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    On the horizon

  • On Saturday, July 26, Syrian Prime Minister Mahmoud Zu'bi is scheduled to visit Jakarta.

  • On Sunday, July 27, Japan's Democratic Party, led by Yukio Hatomana and Naoto Kan, is scheduled to visit the U.S. for talks with U.S. government officials and legislators on defense issues.

  • On Monday, July 28, the Pan African Women's Organization is scheduled to discuss improving the status of women in Africa.

  • On Tuesday, July 29, the biennial meeting of the World Council for Gifted and Talented Children is scheduled in Seattle. The group is dedicated to the advocacy and education of gifted and talented kids.

  • On Wednesday, July 30, the Baalbek Festival, once Lebanon's leading cultural event, resumes with a performance by cellist Mstislav Rostropovich; the festival was last held in 1974.

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    On this day

  • In 1139, at the Battle of Ourique, Alfonso Henriques defeated the Moors and became Alfonso I of Portugal.

  • In 1261, the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII recovered Constantinople and was crowned there; he deposed John IV, thus ending the Latin Empire.

  • In 1554, Queen Mary I of England married Philip II of Spain at Winchester.

  • In 1564, Maximilian II, king of Hungary and Bohemia, became Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Ferdinand I.

  • In 1666, the English fleet defeated the Dutch in the second naval battle of the Foreland.

  • In 1712, the Protestant cantons led by Berne defeated the Catholic cantons at the Battle of Villmergen, ending the religious wars in Switzerland.

  • In 1797, British naval commander Horatio Nelson's right elbow was shattered by grapeshot during an assault on Tenerife and later had to be amputated.

  • In 1830, King Charles X of France issued five ordinances for controlling press, dissolving Chambers and changing the electoral system.

  • In 1848, the Austrians defeated the forces of Charles Albert, King of Sardinia, at the Battle of Custozza, suppressing the first efforts toward the unification of Italy.

  • In 1907, Japan proclaimed its protectorate over Korea, thus giving Japan control over its government.

  • In 1909, Louis Bleriot made the first crossing of the English Channel by air, flying his monoplane from Les Baraques, near Calais, to Dover.

  • In 1917, Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, the Dutch spy known as Mata Hari, was sentenced to death on charges of spying for Germany during World War I.

  • In 1920, French forces occupied Damascus; Greeks under King Alexander occupied Adrianople, Turkey.

  • In 1929, Pope Pius XI became the first pope to leave the Vatican since the fall of the Papal States in 1870.

  • In 1934, Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated in Vienna by Nazis.

  • In 1943, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was forced to resign after a meeting of his Grand Council; King Victor Emmanuel appointed Marshal Badoglio as prime minister.

  • In 1957, Tunisia became a republic with Habib Bourguiba as president.

  • In 1959, the hovercraft made its first crossing of the English Channel from Dover to Calais.

  • In 1963, the U.S., Soviet Union and Britain agreed on treaty banning nuclear weapon tests in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water.

  • In 1978, the world's first test-tube baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born at Oldham General Hospital, Lancashire, England.

  • In 1982, PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed a document in Beirut accepting U.N. resolutions on Israel's right to exist.

  • In 1983, the United States flew aid to President Habre of Chad to help fight Libyan-backed guerrillas.

  • In 1984, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space.

  • In 1994, Israeli and Jordanian leaders signed a historic declaration in Washington ending the state of war between them.

  • In 1995, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his military chief Ratko Mladic were charged with genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity by the U.N. war crimes tribunal.

  • In 1996, Burundi's Tutsi-dominated army seized power in a coup, outlawed political parties, closed the airport and land borders.

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    It's that time of the year again. It's time for the Gilroy Garlic Festival, a celebration of the pungent herb in the self-proclaimed Garlic Capital of the World. Visit the festival's official Web site for a whiff of fun.


    Holidays and more

  • Australia celebrates Darwin Show Day.

  • Bhutan observes the Death Anniversary of the Late H.M. Jigme Dorji Wangchuck.

  • The Cook Islands celebrate Rarotonga's Gospel Day.

  • Costa Rica celebrates the Annexation of Guanacaste.

  • Cuba celebrates National Rebellion Day.

  • Equatorial Guinea celebrates Bata's Fiesta.

  • Liberia holds its Independence Day observance.

  • Puerto Rico celebrates Constitution Day.

  • Tunisia celebrates Republic Day.

  • Baseball player Doug Drabek is 35.

  • Actress Estelle Getty is 73.

  • Actress Janet Margolin is 54.

  • Football Hall of Famer Walter Payton is 43.

  • Basketball Hall of Famer Nate Thurmond is 56.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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