Saturday, July 19, 1997
Liberia is scheduled to hold presidential and parliamentary elections to end seven years of civil war.
The Royal International Air Tattoo at takes place at Britain's RAF Fairford military installation; the show includes one of the largest ever peacetime gatherings of U.S. aircraft.
Burma holds its Martyrs Day ceremony commemorating the 1947 assassination of Aung San Suu Kyi's father Aung San and several members of his cabinet.
On the horizon
On Sunday, July 20, national elections are scheduled for
Vietnam's National Assembly.
On Monday, July 21, the 34th World Father Christmas Congress is scheduled to open in Copenhagen.
On Tuesday, July 22, the annual UNICEF report is scheduled to be issued in London.
On Wednesday, July 23, Laos and Burma are admitted to ASEAN during a special ceremony held by the Asian trade group in Kuala Lumpur.
On Thursday, July 24, the ASEAN foreign ministers annual ministerial meeting takes place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
On this day
In 1333, the Scots army was defeated by Edward III of England at the Battle of Halidon Hill.
In 1588, the Spanish Armada was first sighted off the Cornish coast of England.
In 1553, Lady Jane Grey was deposed and Mary Tudor was proclaimed Queen of England.
In 1610, Basil Shuisky, Czar of Russia, was deposed after a
Swedish army was forced to surrender following a failed bid to rid Russia of its Polish invaders.
In 1821, George IV of England was crowned king; he refused to allow his estranged queen Caroline to attend the coronation.
In 1837, British civil engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel's "Great Western" steamship was launched from Bristol; on the
same day in 1843, his "Great Britain," the first Atlantic
liner built of iron, was launched.
In 1843, a new form of female dress, Bloomers, were first introduced by their inventor Amelia Jenks Bloomer.
In 1870, France declared war on Prussia, heralding the start of the Franco-Prussian war.
In 1877, the first Wimbledon tennis final took place; it was
won by Spencer Gore.
In 1900, the Paris Metro underground system was opened.
In 1907, the Emperor of Korea, a Japanese protectorate, was forced to abdicate in favor of his son.
In 1941, Winston Churchill introduced his "V for Victory" campaign which rapidly spread through Europe. The BBC took the first four notes of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, which matched the dot-dot-dot-dash Morse code for the letter V, and played it before news bulletins.
In 1949, Laos became an independent state within the French
In 1974, Spanish leader General Franco temporarily handed over power to his designated successor, Prince Juan Carlos, because of illness.
In 1980, the 22nd Olympics opened in Moscow with more than 45
nations boycotting the games in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
In 1989, Poland's National Assembly elected Communist leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski president by a one-vote margin.
In 1992, a car bomb killed Paolo Borsellino, a leading anti-Mafia judge in Palermo, Sicily.
In 1993, Pakistani President Ishaq Khan and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif agreed to resign to pave the way for October elections.
In 1995, Bosnian Serb forces surrounded Zepa and demanded the surrender of the enclave.
In 1996, Mohammed Ali lit the flame that opened the Olympic Games in Atlanta.
Not convinced that the Royal International Air Tattoo (see Today's Events) is really just a mega-air show? Visit the 1997 Royal International Air Tattoo page for proof, and a run down of events. Want more? Check out a look back at the 1996 event for a look at some of last year's jet-propelled hardware.
Holidays and more
Malaysia celebrates Yang DiPertua Besar's Birthday.
Nicaragua celebrates Liberation Day.
Sri Lanka celebrates Esala Full Moon Poya Day.
Burma celebrates Martyrs Day and the Full Moon of Waso.
Former CIA agent Philip Agee is 62.
Bolshoi Prima Ballerina Natalya Bessmertnova is 56.
Singer Vikki Carr is 56.
Actor Anthony Edwards is 35.
Actress Clea Lewis is 32.
Former U.S. Senator George McGovern is 75.
Tennis player Illie Nastase is 51.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan