Tuesday, July 15, 1997
Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh are
scheduled to host a golden wedding anniversary garden party
at Buckingham Palace for 4,000 couples who were also married
Spain's King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia are to begin a state
visit to Germany.
Palestinian President Yasser Arafat is scheduled to give a
speech to Chatham House in London on the Middle East peace
On the horizon
On Wednesday, July 16, Polish President Aleksander
Kwasniewski is scheduled to visit Slovakia.
On Thursday, July 17, the announcement of the Akutagawa and
Naoki novel prizes is scheduled to take place in Tokyo.
On Friday, July 18, the European Commission and South Africa
are expected to hold talks in Brussels on a future bilateral
On Saturday, July 19, Liberia is scheduled to hold
presidential and parliamentary elections to end seven years
of civil war.
On Sunday, July 20, national elections are scheduled for
Vietnam's National Assembly.
On this day
In 1795, La Marseillaise was officially adopted as the French
surrendered to Captain Maitland of the Bellerophon at
Rochefort. He was later taken into exile on St. Helena.
In 1857, during the Indian Mutiny, a massacre took place at
Cawnpore, a frontier station. British troops and families
were killed and their bodies thrown into a well.
In 1869, margarine was patented in France by Hippolyte Mege
In 1881, William Bonney, known as "Billy The Kid," was shot
dead by Sheriff Pat Garrett in New Mexico while trying to
escape. Doubts surfaced about the identity of the person
shot, and one story has it the real outlaw changed his name
to Bushy Bill Roberts and survived until 1950.
In 1918, the second Battle of the Marne started when General
Ludendorff launched an all-out offensive in a last-ditch
attempt to overwhelm the allies.
In 1945, Muroran, a steel center in Japan, was shelled by the
U.S. Third Fleet in the closing stages of World War II.
In 1953, John Christie, murderer of at least six women at Ten
Rillington Place, London, was hanged.
In 1960, France agreed to grant independence to Gabon,
effective from August.
In 1964, Anastas Mikoyan succeeded Leonid Brezhnev as
President of the Soviet Union.
In 1965, the Mariner IV spacecraft launched in November 1964
sent back the first close-up pictures of Mars.
In 1968, the first direct air services between the U.S. and
the Soviet Union began between New York and Moscow, operated
by Aeroflot and Pan American.
In 1974, in Cyprus, President Makarios was overthrown in a
coup led by Greek officers in the National Guard. Nikos
Sampson, a former EOKA leader, was appointed president.
In 1983, six people died and 48 were injured when Armenian
terrorists bombed a Turkish Airlines desk at Orly airport,
In 1991, Western troops completed their pullout from Kurdish
refugee havens in Northern Iraq.
In 1994, European Union leaders picked Luxembourg Prime
Minister Jacques Santer to head the European Commission,
replacing Jacques Delors.
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Holidays and more
Today is H.M. the Sultan's Birthday in Brunei Darussalam.
Actor Willie Aames is 37.
Model Kim Alexis is 37.
Actress Lolita Davidovich is 36.
Actor Ken Kercheval is 62.
Singer Linda Ronstadt is 51.
Actor Jan-Michael Vincent is 53.
Actor Forest Whitaker is 36.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan