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Tuesday, July 15, 1997

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  • "Such a steal!"

    -- real estate agent Elaine Youngn on the sale of O.J. Simpson's Brentwood home

    Today's events

  • Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh are scheduled to host a golden wedding anniversary garden party at Buckingham Palace for 4,000 couples who were also married in 1947.

  • Spain's King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia are to begin a state visit to Germany.

  • Palestinian President Yasser Arafat is scheduled to give a speech to Chatham House in London on the Middle East peace process.

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    On the horizon

  • On Wednesday, July 16, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski is scheduled to visit Slovakia.

  • On Thursday, July 17, the announcement of the Akutagawa and Naoki novel prizes is scheduled to take place in Tokyo.

  • On Friday, July 18, the European Commission and South Africa are expected to hold talks in Brussels on a future bilateral agreement.

  • On Saturday, July 19, Liberia is scheduled to hold presidential and parliamentary elections to end seven years of civil war.

  • On Sunday, July 20, national elections are scheduled for Vietnam's National Assembly.

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    On this day

  • In 1795, La Marseillaise was officially adopted as the French surrendered to Captain Maitland of the Bellerophon at Rochefort. He was later taken into exile on St. Helena.

  • In 1857, during the Indian Mutiny, a massacre took place at Cawnpore, a frontier station. British troops and families were killed and their bodies thrown into a well.

  • In 1869, margarine was patented in France by Hippolyte Mege Mouries.

  • In 1881, William Bonney, known as "Billy The Kid," was shot dead by Sheriff Pat Garrett in New Mexico while trying to escape. Doubts surfaced about the identity of the person shot, and one story has it the real outlaw changed his name to Bushy Bill Roberts and survived until 1950.

  • In 1918, the second Battle of the Marne started when General Ludendorff launched an all-out offensive in a last-ditch attempt to overwhelm the allies.

  • In 1945, Muroran, a steel center in Japan, was shelled by the U.S. Third Fleet in the closing stages of World War II.

  • In 1953, John Christie, murderer of at least six women at Ten Rillington Place, London, was hanged.

  • In 1960, France agreed to grant independence to Gabon, effective from August.

  • In 1964, Anastas Mikoyan succeeded Leonid Brezhnev as President of the Soviet Union.

  • In 1965, the Mariner IV spacecraft launched in November 1964 sent back the first close-up pictures of Mars.

  • In 1968, the first direct air services between the U.S. and the Soviet Union began between New York and Moscow, operated by Aeroflot and Pan American.

  • In 1974, in Cyprus, President Makarios was overthrown in a coup led by Greek officers in the National Guard. Nikos Sampson, a former EOKA leader, was appointed president.

  • In 1983, six people died and 48 were injured when Armenian terrorists bombed a Turkish Airlines desk at Orly airport, Paris.

  • In 1991, Western troops completed their pullout from Kurdish refugee havens in Northern Iraq.

  • In 1994, European Union leaders picked Luxembourg Prime Minister Jacques Santer to head the European Commission, replacing Jacques Delors.

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    Holidays and more

  • Today is H.M. the Sultan's Birthday in Brunei Darussalam.

  • Actor Willie Aames is 37.

  • Model Kim Alexis is 37.

  • Actress Lolita Davidovich is 36.

  • Actor Ken Kercheval is 62.

  • Singer Linda Ronstadt is 51.

  • Actor Jan-Michael Vincent is 53.

  • Actor Forest Whitaker is 36.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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