Monday, July 14, 1997
A U.N. war crimes tribunal is scheduled to sentence
Bosnian Serb Dusan Tadic; he was convicted of war crimes in May.
South African President Nelson Mandela is scheduled to visit Jakarta.
An election by federal and state legislators is scheduled in New Delhi to
choose India's 11th president.
On the horizon
On Tuesday, July 15, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of
Edinburgh are scheduled to host a golden wedding anniversary garden
party at Buckingham Palace for 4,000 couples who were also married in
On Wednesday, July 16, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski visits
On Thursday, July 17, the announcement of the Akutagawa and Naoki
novel prizes takes place in Tokyo.
On Friday, July 18, the European Commission and South Africa hold talks
in Brussels on a future bilateral agreement.
On Saturday, July 19, Liberia is scheduled to hold presidential and
parliamentary elections to end seven years of civil war.
On this day
In 1789 in Paris, the Bastille, a grim prison and symbol of
the monarchy, was seized by the people at the start of the
In 1865, British climber Edward Whymper led the first team of
climbers to reach the summit of the Matterhorn in the Alps at a height of
In 1867, explosives manufacturer Alfred Nobel first
demonstrated his invention, dynamite, at Merstham Quarry in
In 1887, German industrialist and arms manufacturer Alfred
Krupp, who became a dominating force in the development of the Ruhr
In 1918, the French troop carrying liner Djemnah was sunk by a German
submarine in the Mediterranean; 442 people were killed.
In 1933, in Germany, the Nazi Party under Adolf Hitler banned
all opposition parties.
In 1958, King Faisal of Iraq was assassinated along with his
entire household and his prime minister in a coup by army
officers which resulted in Iraq's becoming a republic.
In 1959, the first atomic powered cruiser, the USS Long Beach, was
launched at Quincy, Massachusetts. The ship had two nuclear reactors and
could reach 30 knots.
In 1965, the satellite Mariner 4, launched in 1964, became the first to send
photographs from Mars and transmitted for over eight hours.
In 1976, the Chinese-built Tanzam railway was completed ahead
of schedule linking Zambia with Dar-es-Salaam.
In 1978, Russian dissident Anatoly Shcharansky, a founder
member of the Helsinki Group set up to monitor Soviet observance of
human rights, was sentenced to 13 years in prison.
In 1984, in New Zealand, David Lange and his leftist Labor
Party swept to a landslide electoral victory defeating the
ruling national Party led by Sir Robert Muldoon.
In 1996, a bomb exploded in a hotel at Enniskillen in Northern Ireland in
which 40 people were injured. It was the first bomb in the province for
two years. IRA guerrillas denied responsibility for the explosion.
Today is Bastille Day, the holiday commemorating the fall of the Bastille at
the beginning of the French Revolution on July 14, 1789. To lean more
about its history and impending celebration, click here.
Holidays and more
Today is Bastille Day in France, French Guiana and New Caledonia.
It's a National Day in St. Pierre, Miquelon and Tahiti.
Today is Orangeman's Day in the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
Actress Polly Bergen is 67.
Filmmaker Ingmar Bergman is 79.
Former U.S. President Gerald Ford is 84.
Actress Missy Gold is 27.
Actor Harry Dean Stanton is 71.
Actor Robert Stephens is 66.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan