Sunday, July 13, 1997
The third annual memorial flotilla by the Democracy Movement is held in Miami to remember victims of "13 de Marzo" tugboat which sunk off the coast of Cuba, killing 41 refugees.
U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright makes
an official visit to Prague.
The Great Circus Parade is scheduled to be held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
On the horizon
On Monday, July 14, a U.N. war crimes tribunal sentences
Bosnian Serb Dusan Tadic; he was convicted of war crimes in May.
On Tuesday, July 15, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh are scheduled to host a Golden wedding anniversary garden party at Buckingham Palace for 4,000 couples who were also married in 1947.
On Wednesday, July 16, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski visits Slovakia.
On Thursday, July 17, the announcement of the Akutagawa and Naoki novel prizes takes place in Tokyo.
On Friday, July 18, the European Commission and South Africa hold talks in Brussels on a future bilateral agreement.
On this day
In 1558, the French under Marshal de Thermes were heavily defeated by the Flemings and their allies, aided by the English fleet, at the battle of Gravelines in the Valois Hapsburg War
In 1643, English parliamentarians were defeated by the Royalists under Prince Maurice at the battle of Roundway Down in the English Civil War.
In 1793, Charlotte Corday murdered French revolutionary Jean Paul Marat in his bath. She was guillotined four days later.
In 1837, Queen Victoria became the first British monarch to live in the present Buckingham Palace.
In 1841, the Straits Convention was signed by the major European powers, guaranteeing the independence of the Ottoman Empire. It also proclaimed the Bosporus and the Dardanelles closed to warships in peacetime.
In 1878, the Ottoman Empire was further dissolved with the signing of the Treaty of Berlin. The Caucasus were given to Russia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to Austria. Romania became independent and the treaty also confirmed Britain's right to occupy Cyprus.
In 1882, the British succeeded in destroying forts built by the Arabi Pasha threatening the Suez Canal after three days of firing by battleships led by Sir Beauchamp Seymour in the Egyptian rebellion.
In 1919, the British airship R34 landed back in Norfolk after
making the first-ever Atlantic aerial round-trip. It set out
from Scotland to the United States on July 2.
In 1930, the first-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Montevideo, Uruguay, with 13 teams taking part.
In 1943, the greatest tank battle in history ended with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, south of Moscow. Almost
6,000 tanks took part and 2,900 were lost by Germany. There were at least 230,000 casualties in the battle.
In 1944, the Russian army captured the city of Vilna in
In 1955, Ruth Ellis became the last woman to be hanged in Britain after she had murdered her lover.
In 1960, John F. Kennedy won the Democratic nomination to run
for president of the United States, beating Senator Lyndon
In 1977, a massive power failure at 9.34 p.m. caused a huge
blackout all over New York City. Looting and rioting broke out, with police arresting at least 3,000 looters.
In 1978, Soviet dissident Alexander Ginzburg was
sentenced to eight years in a labor camp.
In 1992, Yitzhak Rabin took over as Israeli prime minister with an immediate offer to travel to the capitals of his Arab enemies in search of Middle East peace.
Join U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright the Web way on her visit to Prague today. How? Check out the Prague Post Online.
Holidays and more
Kiribati observes a day In Honor of Independence Day.
Yugoslavia celebrates People's Uprising Day.
Actor Harrison Ford is 55.
Actor Robert Forster is 56.
Politician and former football player Jack Kemp is 62.
Writer, actor Cheech Marin is 51.
Musician Roger McGuinn is 55.
Rubik's Cube inventor Erno Rubik is 53.
Author Wole Soyinka is 63.
Boxer Michael Spinks is 41.
Actor Patrick Stewart is 57.
Author David Storey is 64.
Basketball player Spud Webb is 34.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan