Friday, July 4, 1997
Towns and cities across the United States hold fireworks displays in honor of America's independence anniversary.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin delivers a radio address marking the first year of his second term in office.
Greenpeace releases its 1996 annual report in Amsterdam.
U.S. Senate majority leader Trent Lott visits American troops based in Tuzla, Bosnia.
The winner of the 10th Romulo Gallegos international literature prize for Spanish language novelists is announced in Caracas, Venezuela.
On the horizon
On Saturday, July 5, Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of
Edinburgh are scheduled to attend
the Royal Pageant of the Horse to celebrate their golden
wedding anniversary in Windsor
On Sunday, July 6, the autumn-winter fashion shows begin in
On Monday, July 7, Kim Hyun-chul, South Korean President Kim
Young-sam's second son, is scheduled to go on trial on
bribery and tax evasion charges in Seoul.
On Tuesday, July 8, the Nevada State Athletic Commission is
scheduled to meet to decide how to punish Mike Tyson for
biting a chunk out of Evander Holyfield's ear during the June
28 heavyweight championship match.
On Wednesday, July 9, Ecuadorian president Fabian Alarcon meets Colombian president Ernesto Samper on their border to discuss strained bilateral relations.
On this day
In 1190, Richard I of England and Philip II of France started on the Third Crusade.
In 1631, the world's first employment agency opened in Paris.
In 1776, the American Declaration of Independence was signed.
In 1826, Thomas Jefferson, the third U.S. president (1801-09), and John Adams, the second president (1797-1801), both died on this day.
In 1848, the Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, was published.
In 1863, forces of the Confederate States of America were defeated by Union forces at the Battle of Vicksburg.
In 1884, the Statue of Liberty was presented to America by the people of France.
In 1903, the first Pacific telegraph cable, between San Francisco and Manila, went into operation.
In 1904, construction of the Panama Canal began.
In 1943, Wladyslaw Sikorski, the Polish statesman and prime
minister, was killed in an air crash. He led Poland's government in exile during World War II.
In 1946, the Philippines gained independence from America.
In 1976, Israel launched a commando raid on Entebbe airport in Uganda to rescue 102 hostages held by Arab and West German
hijackers on an Air France plane.
In 1979, former Algerian president Ahmed Ben Bella was released after 14 years detention. Ben Bella, Algeria's first
president, was overthrown in a 1965 coup and had been kept under arrest ever since.
In 1991, former Soviet foreign minister Eduard Shevardnazde
decided to leave the Communist Party.
While much of the connected world follows the progress of Mars Pathfinder as it bounces onto the Red Planet, Web-savvy individuals already have a friend on our dusty neighbor. Marvin the Martian is America's favorite extraterrestrial, and he can be contacted through various channels, none of them involving NASA. Marvin the Martian's Planet is but one of many Marvin pages perfect for fans of Mars exploration.
Holidays and more
The United States of America celebrate Independence Day.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia celebrate Fighters Day.
Iran observes the Demise of Prophet Mohammed and Martyrdom of Iman Hassan Mojtaba.
Rwanda celebrates Liberation Day.
Tonga celebrates the Birthday of H.M. King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV.
Actress Signy Coleman is 37.
Football impresario Al Davis is 68.
Basketball players Horace and Harvey Grant are 32.
Advice Columnist Ann Landers is 79.
Actress Gina Lollobrigida is 69.
Talk-show host Geraldo Rivera is 54.
Tennis player Pam Shriver is 35.
Playwright Neil Simon is 70.
Baseball executive George Steinbrenner III is 67.
Advice Columnist Abigail Van Buren is 79.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan