Monday, June 30, 1997
Hong Kong officially returns to Chinese sovereignty at midnight.
The Netherlands ends a rotating six-month presidency of the European Union, handing it
over to Luxembourg.
Czech President Vaclav Havel is scheduled to visit Ukraine.
On the horizon
On Tuesday, July 1, a sentencing hearing is scheduled in The Hague, Netherlands, for
Dusan Tadic, a Bosnian Serb convicted May 7 of 11 war crimes and crimes against
On Wednesday, July 2, Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori begins a state visit to Japan.
On Thursday, July 3, a march in Caracas, Venezuela, organized by non-government
organizations, protests plans for mining projects in the Imataca region of southeastern
On Friday, July 4, towns and cities across the United States hold fireworks displays in
honor of America's independence.
On Saturday, July 5, Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh are scheduled to attend
the Royal Pageant of the Horse to celebrate their Golden Wedding anniversary in Windsor
On this day
In 1520, Montezuma II, the last Aztec emperor, was killed
during the Spanish conquest of Mexico.
In 1643, the Battle of Adwalton Moor (also called Atherton
Moor) in the English Civil War took place. The Royalists under the Earl of Newcastle
defeated the Parliamentarians.
In 1690, in the War of the Grand Alliance, a combined British
and Dutch fleet was defeated by the French at the Battle of
In 1815, U.S. naval hero Stephen Decatur stopped the continued attacks by Algerian
pirates by threatening to bomb Algiers.
In 1859, watched by 25,000 people, Charles Blondin walked
across Niagara Falls from the United States to Canada on a tightrope.
In 1894, London's Tower Bridge across the River Thames was
In 1908, a huge explosion rocked eastern Siberia. Believed to
be an exploding meteorite, the resulting earth tremor was felt as far away as central Europe.
In 1913, the Second Balkan War began when Bulgaria attacked
Serbian and Greek positions.
In 1934, during "the night of the long knives" in Germany,
Hitler purged his political critics including.
In 1936, Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" was
In 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia appeared before
the League of Nations to appeal for help following Italy's
invasion of Ethiopia and his exile.
In 1940, German troops occupied the Channel Island of
In 1960, the Republic of Congo achieved independence from
In 1963, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was enthroned as
Pope Paul VI.
In 1971, the three crew members of the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz II died on re-entry due to a
drop in air pressure. They had just set a space endurance record of 570 hours, 22 minutes.
In 1971, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the "Pentagon
Papers," documents on American involvement in the Vietnam War, could be published; the
Nixon government had tried to suppress them.
In 1974, Mrs. Alberta King, mother of the late Martin Luther
King, was assassinated during a church service.
In 1974, Soviet ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected to
the west while touring Canada with the Bolshoi Ballet.
In 1977, the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) was formally dissolved after
In 1983, the high court in Melbourne ruled against the
building of the controversial Gordon-below-Franklin dam in
In 1985, 39 American hostages who had been held on a TWA plane for 17 days were
released in Beirut.
In 1989, Sudanese military leader Omar Hassan al-Bashir
toppled the civilian administration of Sadeq al-Mahdi.
In 1989, Argentinian president Raul Alfonsin presented his
letter of resignation. He had already announced his decision to go following poor election
results in May.
In 1990, East and West Germany merged their economies, with
the East adopting the Deutschemark as its currency.
In 1993, the parliament of Azerbaijan elected rebel leader
Suret Guseinov as prime minister.
In 1996, Bosnian Serb "President" Radovan Karadzic
relinquished all power to his deputy Biljana Plavsic, but kept the title of head of state.
Can't stand the anticipation of Hong Kong being turned over to China? Watch it live by clicking here.
Holidays and more
Today is Memorial Day in Canada.
It's Sts. Peter and Paul Day in Colombia.
Today is Army Day in Guatemala.
It's a Bank Holiday in Macau.
Today is Independence Day in Seychelles and Zaire.
It's the Salvation Revolution in Sudan.
Actor William Atherton is 50.
Actress Nancy Dussault is 61.
Actor Rupert Graves is 36.
Actor David Alan Grier is 42.
Singer Lena Horne is 80.
Boxer Mike Tyson is 31.
Actor David Wayne is 81.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan