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Sunday, June 15, 1997

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  • "I know that many people in California voted to repeal affirmative action, and did so without ill motive. But the results are dramatic and devastating. Enrollments in law school and other graduate programs are plummeting for the first time in decades. Call it what you will, but I call it resegregation."

    -- President Bill Clinton

    Today's events

    • The annual International air show opens at Le Bourget near Paris.

    • Croatia holds presidential elections.

    • European Union finance ministers are tentatively scheduled to hold an informal meeting to iron out remaining problems on the eve of the EU summit on monetary union.

    • The Developing Eight, a new Muslim economic cooperation group, holds a summit in Istanbul.


    On the horizon

    • On Monday, June 16, a European Union summit is held at Dutch central bank.

    • On Tuesday, June 17, Aum Shinri Kyo (Supreme Truth Sect) religious sect leader Shoko Asahara appears at the Tokyo trial of cult official Ikuo Hayashi.

    • On Wednesday, June 18, defense ministers from the Commonwealth of Independent States meet in Tbilisi, Georgia.

    • On Thursday, June 19, new French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin is expected to deliver his keynote policy speech to parliament.

    • On Friday, June 20, the Group of Seven, or G7, summit of leading industrialized countries opens in Denver.


    On this day

    • In 1215, King John of England sealed the Magna Carta, the Great Charter of English liberties, at Runnymede, near Windsor.

    • In 1520, Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther by the bull "Exsurge Domine," condemning 41 of Luther's theses as heretical.

    • In 1567, Mary, Queen of Scots, was captured at the battle of Carberry Hill, near Edinburgh, by Scottish nobles who objected to her marriage to the Earl of Bothwell.

    • In 1775, Congress elected George Washington General and Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the United Colonies.

    • In 1804, the Twelfth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, providing for the electoral college to elect the president and vice-president on separate ballots, thus preventing another instance like the election of 1800 when Thomas Jefferson and his running-mate tied, almost denying Jefferson the presidency.

    • In 1836, Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state.

    • In 1944, U.S. troops invaded the Mariana Islands in the west Pacific Ocean, landing on Saipan.

    • In 1960, the South Korean government promulgated a new constitution introducing a parliamentary system of government.

    • In 1969, Georges Pompidou was elected president of France.

    • In 1977, Adolfo Suarez and his Democratic Center coalition won the first democratic elections in Spain for 41 years.

    • In 1988, Pakistani President Zia-ul-Haq decreed that Sharia, the Islamic legal code, would be the supreme law in Pakistan.

    • In 1991, Sikh militants took over two trains and killed 76 passengers, mostly Hindus, in an attempt to frighten voters into staying at home on election day in the north Indian state of Punjab.

    • In 1992, pro-Iranian kidnappers freed two German aid workers in Beirut after 1,127 days in captivity ending a decade-long hostage saga.

    • In 1994, Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic ties, sealing a historic accord on mutual recognition and reconciliation after centuries of bitterness between Roman Catholics and Jews.



    It was on this day in 1969 that Georges Pompidou won the French presidency. In a typically grand gesture, the country remembers this great statesman with the Centre Georges Pompidou. It is a museum and arts center in the heart of Paris, but is best known for its appearance. Regardless of the attraction, art or architecture, it is well worth a look.


    Holidays and more

    • Holidays and more

    • Bhutan celebrates the Birthday of Guru.

    • Actor Jim Belushi is 43.

    • Baseball player Wade Boggs is 39.

    • Baseball player Brett Butler is 40.

    • Actor Simon Callow is 48.

    • Actress Courtney Cox is 33.

    • Former New York Governor Mario Cuomo is 65.

    • Actress Julie Hagerty is 42.

    • Actor Neil Patrick Harris is 24.

    • Actress Helen Hunt is 34.

    • Singer Waylon Jennings is 60.

    • Actress Nicola Pagett is 52.

    • Artist Saul Steinberg is 83.

    • Actor Jim Varney is 48.


    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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