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Wednsday, June 11, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
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  • "I don't have any bitterness in my heart."

    -- freed former Black Panther Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt

    Today's events

  • Japan's Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko visit the United States after a visit to Brazil/Argentina to meet with the leaders of the two countries as well as Japanese immigrants and their descendants.

  • Spanish prime minister and the leaders of the other parties meet in parliament to analyse the situation in the country.

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    On the horizon

  • On Thursday, June 12, Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh attend a special performance in London to mark the opening of the Globe Theater, a copy of its Shakespearean namesake.

  • On Friday, June 13, Aerospace America '97, one of the world's top acrobatic and military air shows, opens at Will Rodgers World Airport in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

  • On Saturday, June 14, England celebrates the Trooping of the Colour, an annual military ceremony marking the birthday of Queen Elizabeth.

  • On Sunday, June 15, Croatia holds presidential elections.

  • On Monday, June 16, a European Union summit is held at Dutch central bank.

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    On this day

  • In 1488, James III of Scotland was murdered after his defeat at the Battle of Sauchieburn, Stirling, and was succeeded by his son, James IV.

  • In 1509, King Henry VIII of England married the first of his six wives, Catherine of Aragon.

  • In 1727, King George I, first Hanoverian king of Great Britain (1714-27), died and was succeeded by his son George II.

  • In 1776, John Constable, English landscape painter, was born. His most important works include "The Hay-Wain" and "Dedham Vale: Morning."

  • In 1847, Sir John Franklin, English naval officer and Arctic explorer, died in Canada attempting to discover the Northwest Passage.

  • In 1880, Jeanette Rankin, first woman member of the U.S. Congress, was born. A lifetime pacifist, she was the only legislator to vote against the declaration of war against Japan after the raid on Pearl Harbour.

  • In 1895, Nikolai Bulganin, Soviet prime minister from 1955- 58, was born.

  • In 1903, King Alexander I and Queen Draga of Serbia were murdered in a coup.

  • In 1910, Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French underwater explorer and inventor of the aqualung diving apparatus, was born.

  • In 1955, 80 people were killed and more than 100 injured when three cars crashed on the Le Mans racetrack in France and ploughed into the spectators' grandstand.

  • In 1963, Gov. George Wallace allowed the enrolment of two black students at the University of Alabama after he had first blocked their entry by standing in front of the door.

  • In 1963, Greek Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis resigned.

  • In 1970, Alexander Feodorovich Kerensky, Russian politician and prime minister, died. Deposed by the Bolsheviks in 1917, he fled to France and then to the United States.

  • In 1977, Dutch marines stormed a train at Assen in which South Mouluccan terrorists had been holding more than 50 hostages for 19 days. Six terrorists and two hostages were killed.

  • In 1979, John Wayne (Marion Michael Morrison), U.S. film star, died. Despite being the biggest box office draw in cinema history, he won only one Oscar for best actor ("True Grit."

  • In 1981, in Iran, over 1,000 people were killed in an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale. The town of Golbaf in Kerman province was destroyed.

  • In 1984, Enrico Berlinguer, leader of the Italian Communist Party, died. For 12 years he led the largest Communist party in Western Europe and led it away from Soviet influence but failed to bring it to power in Italy.

  • In 1993, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani won a second four-year term as president of Iran.

  • In 1994, Seoul, Washington and Tokyo agreed to push for measured sanctions against North Korea for its refusal to allow international inspection of its nuclear programme.

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    Today is the birthday of French underwater explorer Jacques- Yves Cousteau. Check out the Cousteau Society site for more information about the pioneer's work.


    Holidays and more

  • Today is Pentecost in Israel.

  • Today is Evacuation Day in Libya.

  • Hawaii celebrates King Kamehameha I Day.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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