Tuesday, June 10, 1997
Virginia holds a primary election for state governor.
British violinist Nigel Kennedy and cellist
Julian Lloyd Webber hold concerts in Hong Kong.
On the horizon
On Wednesday, June 11, Japan's Emperor Akihito and Empress
Michiko visit the U.S. with a stop in Los Angeles.
On Thursday, June 12, Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of
Edinburgh attend a special performance in London to mark the
opening of the Globe Theater, a copy of its Shakespearean
On Friday, June 13, Aerospace America '97, one of the world's
top acrobatic and military air shows, opens at Will Rodgers
World Airport in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
On Saturday, June 14, England celebrates the Trooping of the
Colour, an annual military ceremony marking the birthday of
On Sunday, June 15, Croatia holds presidential elections.
On this day
In 1190, Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, Holy Roman emperor
(1155-90), drowned trying to cross the Saleph River in
Cilicia (now in Turkey) while on the Third Crusade to free
In 1376, Wenceslas, eldest son of Holy Roman emperor Charles
IV, was elected king of the Romans.
In 1793, the first public zoo, the Jardin des Plantes, opened
In 1836, Andre-Marie Ampere, French physicist known for his
work on electrodynamics, died. He was the first man to
develop measuring techniques for electricity.
In 1865, the first performance of Wagner's opera "Tristan and
Isolde" took place in Munich, Germany.
In 1868, Prince Michael of Serbia was assassinated in
Belgrade and was replaced by Milan IV.
In 1906, Richard John Seddon, prime minister of New Zealand
In 1909, the SOS distress signal was used for the first time
by the Cunard liner SS Slavonia, wrecked off the Azores.
In 1921, Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh and husband of
Queen Elizabeth of England, born as Philippos Schleswig-
Holstein Soenderburg-Glucksburg on the Greek island of Corfu.
In 1922, Judy Garland, U.S. singer and actress, was born as
Frances Gumm. She starred in "The Wizard of Oz" in which she
sang "Somewhere Over The Rainbow"; she won an Academy Award
for her performance.
In 1924, Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist leader,
was kidnapped and murdered by Fascists.
In 1934, Frederick Delius, English composer, died.
In 1937, Sir Robert Laird Borden, eighth Canadian prime
minister (1911-20), died.
In 1940, Italy declared itself at war with France and
Britain, effective June 11.
In 1942, the Germans destroyed the Czech village of Lidice in
retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich,
protector of Bohemia and Moravia, by Czech resistance
In 1943, Hungarian journalist Laszlo Biro patented his
In 1946, U.S. boxer Jack Johnson, the first black to hold the
heavyweight boxing championship of the world, died.
In 1967, Spencer Tracy, U.S. actor and Oscar winner for his
roles in "Captains Courageous" and "Boys' Town," died.
In 1967, the Six-Day War ended with Israel capturing Syrian,
Jordanian and Egyptian territories, including East Jerusalem,
the West Bank, Gaza Strip and the Sinai peninsula; the Soviet
Union broke off diplomatic relations with Israel and
threatened sanctions unless Israeli forces stopped their
In 1971, the U.S. formally ended its 20-year-old embargo on
trade with China.
In 1990, Alberto Fujimori, of Japanese ancestry, won Peru's
presidential election, defeating Mario Vargas Llosa.
In 1990, the Civic Forum movement founded by President Vaclav
Havel won Czechoslovakia's first free elections since 1946.
In 1990, Bulgaria's former communist party won the country's
first free elections in more than four decades.
In 1996, Britain and Ireland opened Northern Ireland peace
talks; the IRA's political arm Sinn Fein was excluded.
More than 200 years ago, the first public zoo, the Jardin des
Plantes, opened in Paris. Today, there's an at-your-
fingertips way to get a glimpse at the animal kingdom. Check
out the Virtual Zoo.
Holidays and more
Today is a National Holiday in the Republic of Congo.
French Guyana celebrates Esclavage Abolition Day.
It is Arab Revolution and Army Day in Jordan.
It is Camoes Day in Macau.
Portugal celebrates Portugal Day.
Lawyer F. Lee Bailey is 64.
Actor Doug McKeon is 31.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, is 76.
Author and illustrator Maurice Sendak is 69.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan