Tuesday, May 13, 1997
- The 38th annual Clio advertising awards will be presented in New York.
- The 31st International Federation of the Periodical Press World Congress opens in Tokyo.
- The Court of Appeal in London holds a deportation hearing concerning the 20-year-old Nepalese youth Jay Khadka, adopted by British millionaire Richard Morley; Khadka was brought to Britain in honor of a pact Morley made with Khadka's father after the Nepalese man saved his life.
On the horizon
- On Wednesday, May 14, French President Jacques Chirac visits China.
- On Thursday, May 15, the U.S. space shuttle Atlantis is scheduled for launch on a mission to the Russian Mir space station.
- On Friday, May 16, Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari follows up a visit to South Africa with a stop in Tanzania.
- On Saturday, May 17, Hong Kong's Governor is scheduled to visit London to brief Britain's Labour government on the pre-handover situation.
- On Sunday, May 18, the Hong Kong pro-democracy and pro-dissident movement stages a kite-flying event in remembrance of the crushed Chinese pro-democracy movement.
On this day
- In 1568, Mary Queen of Scots was defeated by the English at the battle of Langside in Glasgow.
- In 1607, Captain John Smith and a party of soldiers landed in Virginia at Jamestown and established the first permanent British settlement in the New World.
- In 1619, Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, statesman and founding father of the Netherlands, was executed by Prince Maurice of Nassau on a charge of subverting religion.
- In 1717, Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, was born in Vienna.
- In 1787, The first fleet of ships carrying convicts to the new penal colony of Australia left England. They arrived the following January.
- In 1830, the Republic of Ecuador founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president.
- In 1846, the U.S. Congress formally declared war on Mexico over California, although fighting had begun days earlier.
- In 1888, Brazil's parliament decided to abolish slavery.
- In 1927, "Black Friday" occurred in Germany, signaling the collapse of its economic structure.
- In 1940, after setting up Britain's wartime coalition, Winston Churchill told parliament he could offer "....nothing but blood, toil, tears and sweat."
- In 1941, Martin Bormann was named head of the Nazi Party Chancellery in Germany, following Rudolf Hess's mysterious flight to Scotland.
- In 1949, the first British-produced jet bomber, the Canberra, made its first test flight.
- In 1965, Israel and West Germany agreed to establish diplomatic relations. Several Arab nations broke ties with Germany.
- In 1968, talks between North Vietnamese and American negotiators began in Paris, aimed at ending the Vietnam War.
- In 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and wounded as he drove through a crowd of 20,000 in St. Peter's Square in Rome. The gunman, Mehmet Ali Agca, was arrested.
- In 1992, three astronauts simultaneously walked in space for the first time. The trio retrieved and repaired the Intelsat-6 satellite from the U.S. shuttle Endeavour in a walk lasting 8 hours 29 minutes.
- In 1994, Palestinian police took over control of Jericho from Israeli soldiers.
Holidays and more
- Actor Franklyn Ajaye is 48.
- Actress Beatrice Arthur is 71.
- Actress Frances Barber is 40.
- Critic Clive Barnes is 70.
- Singer Peter Gabriel is 47.
- Actor Harvey Keitel is 58.
- Basketball player Dennis Rodman is 36.
- Actor, choreographer Herbert Ross is 70.
- Actor Tim Pigott-Smith is 51.
- Singer Stevie Wonder is 46.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan