Sunday, March 23, 1997
The presentation of the Golden Raspberry Awards takes place
in Hollywood. The ceremony spoofs the Oscars with awards for
the year's worst movies and film performances.
U.S. Vice President Al Gore visits Japan.
Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski visits
On the horizon
On Monday, March 24, the 69th annual Academy Awards
presentation is broadcast live from Hollywood.
On Tuesday, March 25, first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton
continues her goodwill tour of Africa with a stop in
On Wednesday, March 26, Britain's Salman Rushdie is among 40
writers attending a Writers Parliament session to denounce
"the rise of fascism."
On Thursday, March 27, South African President Nelson Mandela
pays an official visit to India.
On Friday, March 28, U.S. President Al Gore visits South
On Saturday, March 29, Japanese Foreign Minister Yukihiko
Ikeda visits China.
On Sunday, March 30, Central European time changes from GMT
+1 to GMT +2 except for Portugal. U.K. time moves from GMT to
On this day
In 1765, the British parliament passed the Stamp Act,
imposing duties on the American colonies.
In 1801, Paul I, tsar of Russia, was assassinated and
succeeded by Alexander I.
In 1842, Stendhal (Marie-Henri Beyle), French novelist, died.
He was noted for his masterpieces "Le Rouge et le Noir" and
La Chartreuse de Parme."
In 1862, Count Karl Robert Nesselrode, foreign minister of
imperial Russia (1822-56), died. His policies helped bring
about the Crimean war.
In 1887, Juan Gris, Spanish painter, was born as Jose
Victoriano Gonzalez. He pioneered the style known as
In 1908, American film actress Joan Crawford was born. Her 45
years in Hollywood produced more than 80 movies and four
In 1918, the giant German gun, "Big Bertha," shelled Paris
from 75 miles away.
In 1919, Benito Mussolini founded his own party in Italy, the
Fasci di Combattimento.
In 1925, Tennessee banned the teaching of evolution in
schools. Teacher John Scopes ignored the ban and was
prosecuted later in what became known as "The Monkey Trial"
In 1933, German parliament passed the Enabling Bill, giving
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis the dictatorial powers they had
In 1956, under its new constitution Pakistan became an
Islamic Republic, with Maj-Gen Iskander Mirza as first
In 1964, Peter Lorre (Laszlo Loewenstein), Hungarian-born
U.S. actor who starred in gangster and horror films, died.
In 1966, the Archbishop of Canterbury met the Pope in Rome,
the first meeting between the heads of the Anglican and Roman
Catholic churches for 400 years.
In 1967, a military coup took place in Sierra Leone following
disputed elections. On this day in 1971 an attempt to oust
the country's leader Siaka Stevens was thwarted.
In 1971, Argentina's president Roberto Levingston was deposed
in a bloodless coup.
In 1981, British great train robber Ronald Biggs was taken
into custody in Barbados after his abduction from Brazil.
In 1982, a military coup in Guatemala deposed the president
and installed a junta led by Lt-Gen Efrain Rios Montt.
In 1983, Dr Barney Clark died 112 days after being the first
person to receive an artificial heart.
In 1994, Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexico's ruling party
presidential candidate, was assassinated in the northern city
In 1994, all 75 people on board a Russian Airbus were killed
when the plane crashed in Siberia.
In 1996, Lee Teng-hui was sworn in as Taiwan's first
democratically elected president.
Seventy-two years ago, Tennessee banned the teaching of
evolution in schools. Teacher John Scopes ignored the ban and
was later prosecuted. Find out more about one of the most
famous trials in American history,
e Monkey Trial."
Holidays and more
Today is Purim in Israel.
Nepal celebrates Phagu Purima.
Pakistan celebrates Pakistan Day.
Sri Lanka celebrates Medin Full Moon Poya Day.
Singer Chaka Khan is 44.
Former basketball player Moses Malone is 43.
Actress Amanda Plummer is 40.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan