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Sunday, March 9, 1997

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  • "This cause must engage the energy and commitment of everyone in our society."

    -- President Bill Clinton on ending welfare

    Today's Events

  • More than 1,000 scientists gather in China to observe a total solar eclipse.

  • A second European demonstration for the freedom of Tibet is scheduled in Geneva. The demonstration is organized by European Parliament Intergroup Tibet, Radical Party, European Tibet Support Group and Tibetan Communities in Europe.

  • Representatives of all political parties in the Italian parliament visit Belgrade to express support to "freedom and pluralism of informing in Serbia."

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    On the horizon

  • On Monday, March 10, the U.N. Human Rights Commission meets in Geneva.

  • On Tuesday, March 11, French President Jacques Chirac begins a Latin American tour with a stop in Brazil.

  • On Wednesday, March 12, the 1997-98 Hong Kong budget will be presented in anticipation of the British colony's June 30 reversion to Chinese rule.

  • On Thursday, March 13, French President Jacques Chirac visits Uruguay.

  • On Friday, March 14, an Olmar, France, court is scheduled to rule on who is to blame for 1988 crash of Airbus A-320 aircraft which killed three and injured 50.

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    On this day

  • In 1074, Pope Gregory VII declared all married Roman Catholic priests to be excommunicated.

  • In 1796, Napoleon Bonaparte married Josephine de Beauharnais, widow of a former French officer executed during the revolution.

  • In 1831, the French Foreign Legion was founded by King Louis Philippe with its headquarters in Algeria.

  • In 1846, the First Sikh war ended when Kashmir was ceded to the British East India Company by the Treaty of Lahore.

  • In 1864, General Ulysses S. Grant was appointed commander-in-chief of the Union armies.

  • In 1916, Germany declared war on Portugal on grounds that Portugal had seized German shipping in Portuguese harbors.

  • In 1924, Italy annexed the independent city of Fiume but abandoned claims to Yugoslavia's Dalmatian coast.

  • In 1932, Eamon de Valera was appointed president of Ireland.

  • In 1932, Emperor Pu Yi, who had abdicated the Chinese throne in 1912, was installed as president of Japanese-controlled Manchuria.

  • In 1945, the U.S. 1st Army captured Bonn in World War II.

  • In 1956, Archbishop Makarios, who the British suspected of terrorism, was deported from Cyprus to the Seychelles.

  • In 1970, a week after Rhodesia became a self-styled republic, the U.S. announced it was to close its consulate in Salisbury.

  • In 1976, 42 skiers were killed when a cable car plunged to the ground in the Italian Dolomites.

  • In 1982, Charles Haughey was sworn in as Irish prime minister.

  • In 1991, Yugoslavia deployed tanks in Belgrade after bloody clashes between riot police and tens of thousands of anti-Communist protesters.

  • In 1992, former Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin died. Once a member of the Irgun Zvai Leumi resistance group and a hard-liner concerning the Arabs, he won the Nobel peace prize in 1978 for his part in the Camp David settlement with President Anwar Sadat of Egypt.

  • In 1994, 26 political parties confirmed they would contest South Africa's April election.

  • In 1994, five Irish Republican Army mortar bombs landed on the runway at London's Heathrow airport but failed to explode.

  • In 1996 suspected Muslim guerrillas killed 10 people and wounded 16 when they ambushed a passenger train in western Algeria.

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    Holidays and more

  • Today is Baron Bliss Day in Belize.

  • A solar eclipse will take place today in Nepal.

  • Former Football player Brian Bosworth is 32.

  • World Chess Champion Bobby Fischer is 54.

  • Singer Mickey Gilley is 61.

  • Actor Emmanuel Lewis is 26.

  • Musician Jeffrey Osborne is 49.

  • Actress Joyce Van Patten is 63.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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