Saturday, March 1, 1997
South African President Nelson Mandela visits the Philippines.
The annual session of the National People's Congress is expected to open in Beijing.
A Japan council is scheduled to meet on atomic and hydrogen bombs in Shizuoka, Japan.
Sugar Ray Leonard is scheduled to return to the ring in fight against Hector "Macho" Camacho in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
On the horizon
On Sunday, March 2, Irish President Mary Robinson arrives in Kigali, Rwanda, where she will address a pan-African conference on peace, gender and development.
On Monday, March 3, Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with European Union leaders to discuss mutual relations and security issues.
On Tuesday, March 4, German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel begins a visit to the Middle East that includes Jordan, Israel and regions governed by the Palestinian Authority.
Wednesday, March 5, is the first meeting of a nine-member international historians' panel named by the Swiss government in December to investigate neutral Switzerland's financial role in World War II, including the flow of Nazi loot and Jewish assets into Swiss banks.
On Thursday, March 6, Russian President Boris Yeltsin is due to address both houses of the Russian parliament.
On this day
In 1498, Vasco de Gama landed at what is now Mozambique, on his travels to India.
In 1562, Catholics massacred over 1,000 Huguenots as they prayed at Vassy, France, starting the First War of Religion.
In 1803, Ohio became the 17th state of the Union.
In 1810, Sweden became the first country to appoint an ombudsman, Lars August Mannerheim.
In 1811, Egypt's ruler, Mohammed Ali, massacred the leaders of the Mameluke dynasty.
In 1815, Napoleon landed in France after returning from the island of Elba, where he had retired after being forced to abdicate in April 1814.
In 1867, Nebraska became the 37th state of the Union.
In 1896, Italian forces were defeated by the Ethiopians at the Battle of Adowa, dealing a blow to Italian hopes of building an empire in Africa.
In 1932, the 20-month-old son of American aviator Charles Lindbergh was kidnapped. He was found dead in May.
In 1941, Bulgaria joined the Axis Powers and allowed German forces to enter the country.
In 1950, in Britain, Dr. Klaus Fuchs was convicted for giving British and American atomic secrets to the Soviet government.
In 1950, Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of the Nationalist Chinese government.
In 1954, the United States announced it had conducted a hydrogen bomb test on the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
In 1959, Archbishop Makarios returned to Cyprus from exile.
In 1966, the Soviet spacecraft Venus III landed on Venus. It was the first spacecraft to land on another planet.
In 1973, Fine Gael and Labor Party coalition won the Irish General Election. Liam Cosgrave became prime minister.
In 1974, an American grand jury issued indictments against President Nixon's top aides, including John Ehrlichman, in the Watergate case.
In 1992, King Fahd of Saudi Arabia unveiled major political reforms, ceding some powers after 10 years of disciplined rule.
In 1994, Israel released about 500 Arab prisoners in the hope it would placate Palestinian outrage over the Hebron massacre.
In 1996, the U.S. said Colombia had failed in its anti-drug efforts and would no longer qualify for most American aid and loans.
The fabled Iditarod 1,049-mile race begins today in Anchorage, Alaska. Each sled is drawn by 16 Northern-breed dogs. For more information, click here.
Holidays and more
Today is Independent Movement Day in Korea.
It's Heroes Day in Paraguay.
Today, Switzerland celebrates the Instauration de la Rep.
Actress Catherine Bach is 43.
Singer Harry Belafonte is 70.
Sports announcer Harry Caray is 78.
Actor Robert Conrad is 78.
Singer Roger Daltrey is 53.
Actor Timothy Daly is 41.
Actor Ron Howard is 43.
Actor Alan Thicke is 50.
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan