Sunday, February 9, 1997
The MILIA new media fair opens in Cannes, France.
Gabon is scheduled to hold its second round of elections for a new senate or upper house of parliament.
Uganda President Yoweri Museveni is scheduled to meet with former U.S. President Jimmy Carter in Atlanta to discuss recent refugee movements and conflicts in Africa.
The 11th annual American Comedy Awards are scheduled to take place in Los Angeles.
On the horizon
On Monday, February 10, jury selection begins in the retrial of alleged Hollywood madam Heidi Fleiss on state pandering charges.
On Tuesday, February 11, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announces Oscar nominations in Hollywood.
On Wednesday, February 12, a verdict is tentatively expected in the false accounting trial of Fiat President Cesare Romiti and Fiat finance director Francesco Paolo Mattioli.
On Thursday, February 13, the Berlin International Film Festival opens in Germany.
On Friday, February 14, Valentine's Day is celebrated in several countries.
On this day
In 1540, the first recorded horse race meeting in England was held at Roodeye Fields, Chester.
In 1674, Charles II of England signed the Treaty of Westminster, ending the war with the Dutch.
In 1801, France and Austria signed the Peace of Luneville, effectively ending the Holy Roman Empire.
In 1849, Giuseppe Mazzini proclaimed Rome a republic.
In 1861, Jefferson Davis was chosen as president, and Alexander Stephens as vice president, of the Confederate States of America.
In 1904, at the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War, the Russian ships Variag and Korietz were sunk off Korea.
In 1909, France and Germany reached agreement over Morocco, with Germany recognizing French special interests there in return for economic concessions.
In 1923, Dobrolet, the Soviet state airline, was formed. It was renamed Aeroflot in 1932.
In 1929, the Litvinov protocol, a pact for the renunciation of war, was signed in Moscow between Russia, Poland, Romania, Estonia and Latvia.
In 1934, the Balkan Pact to prevent encroachment by the great powers was signed by Romania, Greece, Yugoslavia and Turkey.
In 1941, in a speech directed at the United States, Britain's wartime prime minister Winston Churchill said: "Put your confidence in us...give us the tools and we will finish the job."
In 1943, U.S. troops reached Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, and discovered the Japanese had evacuated.
In 1950, U.S. senator Joseph McCarthy said he had evidence that there were individuals in the State Department who were card-carrying members of the Communist Party.
In 1969, the first test flight of the Boeing 747 Jumbo Jet took place.
In 1971, an earthquake measuring 6.6 struck the San Fernando Valley in California, killing 58 people. Property damage reached $900 million.
In 1972, the British government declares a state of emergency over a miners' strike.
In 1978, Canada announced it was expelling 13 Soviet diplomats who it said had tried to recruit a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer.
In 1981, General Wojciech Jaruzelski took over from Josef Pinkowski as Polish prime minister during the Solidarity crisis.
Mark Black History Month by learning more the struggles and triumphs of the African-American people. Click here to experience Britannica's Guide to Black History and examine nearly 400 years of African-American history through five distinct time periods.
Holidays and more
Afghanistan, Albania, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Mali, Niger, celebrate the last day of Ramadan.
In Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Chad, Dijibouti, Ethiopia, Gabon Republic, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Libya, Maldines, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somali Democratic Republic, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, United Arab Emirates and Yemen it's Id al-Fitr
China, Korea, Mongolia, Taiwan continue to celebrate the Lunar New Year.
It's Ramadan Bairam in Egypt.
It's Ramadan in Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast Republic and Turkey.
Today is St. Maron in Lebanon.
Today is Hari Raya Puasa in Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam.
Today is Korite in Senegal.
Actress Mia Farrow is 52.
Actress Kathryn Grayson is 74.
Singer Carole King is 55.
Actress Judith Light is 48.
Journalist Roger Mudd is 69.
Actor Joe Pesci is 54.
Actor Charles Shaughnessy is 42.
Author Alice Walker is 53.
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan