Tuesday, January 28, 1997
European Commission President Jacques Santer addresses the Council of Europe assembly in Strasbourg, France.
The International Toxic and Hazardous Waste Congress opens in Manila.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies issues its annual consolidated emergency appeal for disaster relief around the world in Geneva.
The French Supreme Court rules on charges of illegal phone-tapping against late President Francois Mitterrand's now defunct anti-terrorist unit.
On the horizon
German, Spain and Turkey meet for talks on Turkey's relations with Europe.
On Thursday, January 30, the Commonwealth of Independent States summit opens in Moscow.
On Friday, January 31, the verdict is expected in a Bonn court on whether 21 Jewish former slave laborers should get compensation for their unpaid work in Nazi forced labor camps during WW II.
Saturday, February 1, is the last day of official campaigning for national and provincial elections in Pakistan.
On Sunday, February 2, the Missionaries of Charity religious order announces a possible successor to the ailing Mother Teresa.
On Monday, February 3, an international congress on education opens in Havana, Cuba.
On Tuesday, February 4, President Clinton delivers his State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress.
On this day
In 814, Emperor Charlemagne, king of the Franks from 768, died.
In 1547, King Henry VIII of England died and was succeeded by his son, Edward VI.
In 1596, Sir Francis Drake, the seaman and adventurer who circumnavigated the world, died.
In 1725, Peter the Great of Russia, czar from 1682, died.
In 1788, the first British penal settlement was founded at Botany Bay in New South Wales, Australia.
In 1807, London's Pall Mall became the first street to be illuminated by gaslight.
In 1855, William Seward Burroughs, the U.S. inventor of first
commercially successful calculating machine, was born.
In 1871, Paris surrendered to the Prussians in the Franco-Prussian War.
In 1878, the first commercial telephone switchboard went into operation in New Haven, Connecticut.
In 1902, steel industrialist Andrew Carnegie established the Carnegie Institution in Washington.
In 1915, Congress passed legislation creating the U.S. Coast Guard, combining the Life Saving Service and the Revenue Cutter Service.
In 1928, Vicente Blasco Ibanez, the Spanish politician and writer, most notably "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse," died.
In 1932, the Japanese army occupied Shanghai to force an end to a Chinese boycott of Japanese goods.
In 1935, Iceland became the first country to legalize abortion on medical-social grounds.
In 1939, William Butler Yeats, the Irish poet and dramatist, died; he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923.
In 1945, a convoy of U.S. trucks from India crossed the Burmese-Chinese border, opening the famous "Burma Road."
In 1950, the French Assembly ratified the agreement under which Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos became independent states within the French union.
In 1955, President Dwight D. Eisenhower received full authority from the Senate to use armed forces abroad to defend Formosa (Taiwan) against possible attacks by the Chinese Communists.
In 1963, black student Harvey Gantt entered Clemson College in South Carolina, the last state to hold out against integration.
In 1973, the CBS drama "Barnaby Jones" premiered.
In 1978, the words "De plane, de plane!" were first broadcast on ABC with the premiere of "Fantasy Island."
In 1982, Italian anti-terrorist police rescued U.S. Brigadier Gen. James Dozier from Red Brigades guerrillas who had kidnapped him 42 days earlier.
In 1986, seven astronauts died after the Challenger space shuttle exploded 72 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral.
In 1988, Soviet spy Klaus Fuchs died; his information enabled
Moscow to detonate its first nuclear weapon in August 1949.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies make their annual consolidated plea for help today. Visit the IFRC site to learn more about the disaster relief and other humanitarian efforts coordinated by this group. Crossing borders, cultures and faiths, the IFRC works to end suffering around the globe.
Holidays and more
Alan Alda, born Alphonso D'Abruzzo, is 61.
Actress Susan Howard is 54.
Actress Harley Jane Kozak is 40.
Artist Claes Oldenburg is 68.
Author Susan Sontag is 64.
Actor Elijah Wood is 16.
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan