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World - Europe

Full text of the U.N. resolution draft on Kosovo

June 8, 1999
Web posted at: 4:03 p.m. EDT (2003 GMT)

A. Recalling its resolutions 1160 (1998) of 31 March 1998, 1199 (1998) of 23 September 1998, 1203 (1998) of October 1998 and 1239 (1999) of 14 May 1999,

B. Regretting that there has not been full compliance with the requirements of these resolutions,

C. Determined to resolve the grave humanitarian situation in Kosovo and to provide for the safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons to their homes,

D. Condemning all acts of violence against the Kosovo population as well as all terrorist acts by any party,

E. Recalling the statement made by the Secretary-General of the United Nations on 9 April 1999, expressing concern at the humanitarian tragedy taking place in Kosovo,

F. Reaffirming the right of all refugees and displaced persons to return to their homes in safety,

G. Recalling the jurisdiction and the mandate of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia,

H. Welcoming the general principles on a political solution to the Kosovo crisis adopted on 6 May 1999 (S/1999/516, Annex 1 to this resolution) and welcoming also the acceptance by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia of the principles set forth in points 1 to 9 of the paper presented in Belgrade on 2 June 1999 (S/1999/649, annex 2 to this resolution), and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia's agreement to that paper,

I. Reaffirming the commitment of all Member States to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the other states of the region, as set out in the Helsinki Final Act and document S/1999/649, Annex 2,

J. Reaffirming the call in previous resolutions for substantial autonomy and meaningful self-administration for Kosovo,

K. Determining that the situation in the region continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security,

L. Determined to ensure the safety and security of international personnel and the implementation by all concerned of their responsibilities under the present resolution, and acting for these purposes under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. Decided that a political solution to the Kosovo crisis shall be based on the general principles of Annex 1 and as further elaborated in the principles and other required elements in Annex 2;

2. Welcomes the acceptance by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia of the principles and other required elements referred to in paragraph 1 above, and demands the full cooperation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in their rapid implementation;

3. Demands in particular that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia put an immediate and verifiable end to violence and repression in Kosovo, and begin/complete verifiable phased withdrawals from Kosovo of all military, police and paramilitary forces according to a rapid timetable, with which the deployment of the international security presence in Kosovo will be synchronized;

4. Confirms that after the withdrawal an agreed number of Yugoslav and Serb military and police personnel will be permitted to return to Kosovo to perform the functions in accordance with Annex 2;

5. Decides on the deployment in Kosovo, under United Nations-auspices, of civil and security presences, with appropriate equipment and personnel as required, and welcomes the agreement of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to such presences;

6. Requests the Secretary-General to appoint in consultation with the Security Council a Special Representative to control the implementation of the civil presence, and further requests the Secretary-General to instruct his Special Representative to coordinate closely with the international security presence to ensure that both presences operate towards the same goals and in a mutually supportive manner;

7. Authorizes Member States and relevant international organizations to establish the international security presence in Kosovo as set out in point 4 of Annex 2 with all necessary means to fulfill its responsibilities under paragraph 9 below;

8. Affirms the need for the rapid early development of effective international civil and security presences in Kosovo, and demands that the parties cooperate fully in their deployment;

9. Decides that the responsibilities of the international security presence to be deployed and acting in Kosovo will include:

a) deterring renewed hostilities, maintaining and where necessary enforcing a cease-fire, ensuring the withdrawal and preventing the return into Kosovo of Federal and Republic military, police and paramilitary forces, except as provided in point 6 of Annex 2;

b) demilitarizing of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and other armed Kosovo Albanian groups as required in paragraph 15 below;

c) establishing a secure environment in which refugees and displaced persons can return home in safety, the international civil presence can operate, a transitional administration can be established and humanitarian aid can be delivered;

d) ensuring public safety and order until the international civil presence can take responsibility for this task;

e) supervising de-mining until the international civil presence can take responsibility for this task;

f) supporting as appropriate, and coordinating closely with the work of the international civil presence;

g) border monitoring duties as required;

h) ensuring the protection and freedom of movement of itself, the international civil presence and other international organizations;

10. Authorizes the Secretary-General, with the assistance of relevant international organizations, to establish an international civil presence in Kosovo in order to provide an interim administration for Kosovo under which the people of Kosovo can enjoy substantial autonomy within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; this interim administration will provide transitional administration while establishing and overseeing the development of provisional democratic self-governing institutions to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life for all inhabitants of Kosovo;

11. Decides that the main responsibilities of the civil presence will include:

a) promoting the establishment, pending a final settlement, of substantial autonomy and self-government in Kosovo, taking full account of Annex 2 and of the Rambouillet accords;

b) performing basic civilian administrative functions where and as long as required;

c) organizing and overseeing the development of provisional institutions for democratic and autonomous self-government pending a political settlement, including the holding of elections;

d) transferring, as these institutions are established, its administrative responsibilities while overseeing and supporting the consolidation of Kosovo's local provisional institutions and other peace-building activities;

e) facilitating a political process designed to determine Kosovo's future status, taking into account the Rambouillet accords;

f) in a final stage, overseeing the transfer of authority from Kosovo's provisional institutions to institutions established under a political settlement;

g) supporting the reconstruction of key infrastructure and other economic reconstruction;

h) supporting in coordination with international humanitarian organizations, humanitarian and disaster relief aid;

i) maintaining civil law and order, including establishing local police forces and, meanwhile, through the deployment of international police personnel to serve in Kosovo;

j) protecting and promoting human rights;

k) assuring the safe and unimpeded return of all refugees and displaced persons to their homes in Kosovo;

12. Emphasizes the need for coordinated humanitarian relief operations, and for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to allow unimpeded access to Kosovo by humanitarian aid organizations and to cooperate with such organizations so as to ensure the fast and effective delivery of international aid;

13. Encourages all Member States and international organizations to contribute to economic and social reconstruction as well as to the safe return of refugees and displaced persons, and emphasizes in this context the importance of convening an international donor's conference particularly for the purposes set out in paragraph 11 (g) above, at the earliest possible date;

14. Demands full cooperation by all concerned, including the international security presence, with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia;

15. Demands that the KLA and other armed Kosovo Albanian groups end immediately all offensive actions and comply with the requirements for demilitarization as laid down by the head of the international security presence, in consultation with the Special Representatives of the Secretary-General;

16. Decides that the prohibitions imposed by paragraph 8 of resolution 1160 (1998) shall not apply to arms and related material for the use of the international civil and security presences;

17. Welcomes the work in hand in the European Union and other international organizations to develop a comprehensive approach to the economic development and stabilization of the region affected by the Kosovo crisis, including the implementation of a Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe with broad international participation in order to further the promotion of democracy, economic prosperity, stability and regional cooperation;

18. Demands that all States in the region cooperate fully in the implementation of all aspects of this resolution;

19. Decides that the civil and security presences are established for an initial period of 12 months to continue thereafter unless the Security Council decides otherwise;

20. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council at regular intervals on the implementation of this resolution, including reports from the leadership of the civil and security presences, the first reports to be submitted within 30 days of the adoption of this resolution;

21. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

ANNEX 1

Petersberg Principles, 6 May 1999

1. The G8 Foreign Ministers adopted the following general principles on the political solution to the Kosovo crisis:

-- Immediate and verifiable end of violence and repression in Kosovo;

-- Withdrawal from Kosovo of military, police and paramilitary forces;

-- Deployment in Kosovo of effective international civil and security presences, endorsed and adopted by the United Nations, capable of guaranteeing the achievement of the common objectives;

-- Establishment of an interim administration for Kosovo to be decided by the Security Council of the United Nations to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life for all inhabitants in Kosovo;

-- The safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons and unimpeded access to Kosovo by humanitarian aid organizations;

-- A political process towards the establishment of an interim political framework agreement providing for a substantial self-government for Kosovo, taking full account of the Rambouillet accords and the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the other countries of the region, and the demilitarization of the KLA;

-- Comprehensive approach to the economic development and stabilization of the crisis region.

ANNEX 2

Agreement should be reached on the following principles to move toward a resolution of the Kosovo crisis:

1. Immediate and verifiable end of violence and repression in Kosovo.

2. Verifiable withdrawal from Kosovo of all military, police and paramilitary forces according to a rapid timetable.

3. Deployment in Kosovo under U.N. auspices of effective international civil and security presences, acting as may be decided under Chapter VII of the Charter, capable of guaranteeing the achievement of common objectives.

4. The international security presence with substantial NATO participation must be deployed under unified command and control and authorized to establish a safe environment for all people in Kosovo and to facilitate the safe return to their homes of all displaced persons and refugees.

5. Establishment of an interim administration for Kosovo as part of the international civil presence under which the people of Kosovo can enjoy substantial autonomy within the FRY to be decided by the Security Council of the United Nations. Interim administration to provide transitional administration while establishing and overseeing the development of provisional democratic self-governing institutions to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life for all inhabitants of Kosovo.

6. After withdrawal, an agreed number of Yugoslav and Serbian personnel will be permitted to return to perform the following functions:

-- Liaison with international civil mission and international security presence

-- Marking/clearing minefields

-- Maintaining a presence at Serb patrimonial sites

-- Maintaining a presence at key border crossings.

7. Safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons under the supervision of the UNHCR and unimpeded access to Kosovo by humanitarian aid organizations.

8. A political process towards the establishment of an interim political framework agreement providing for a substantial self-government for Kosovo, taking full account of the Rambouillet accords and the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the other countries of the region, and the demilitarization of the KLA. Negotiations between the parties for a settlement should not delay or disrupt the establishment of democratic self-governing institutions.

9. Comprehensive approach to the economic development and stabilization of the crisis region. This will include the implementation of a Stability Pact for Southeastern Europe with broad international participation in order to further promotion of democracy, economic prosperity, stability and regional cooperation.

10. Suspension of military activity will require acceptance of the principles set forth above in addition to agreement to other, previously identified, required elements, which are specified in the footnote below. (1) A military-technical agreement will then be rapidly concluded that would, among other things, specify additional modalities including the roles and functions of Yugoslav/Serb personnel in Kosovo:

WITHDRAWAL

-- Procedures for withdrawals, including the phased, detailed scheduled and delineation of a buffer area in Serbia beyond which forces will be withdrawn.

RETURNING PERSONNEL

-- Equipment associated with returning personnel

-- Terms of reference for their functional responsibilities

-- Timetable for their return

-- Delineation of their geographical areas of operation

-- Rules governing their relationship to international security presence and international civil mission

(1) Other required elements:

-- Rapid and precise timetable for withdrawals meaning, e.g. seven days to complete withdrawal; air defense weapons withdrawn outside a 25 kilometer mutual safety zone within 48 hours.

-- Return of personnel for the four functions specified above will be under the supervision of the international security presence, and will be limited to a small agreed number (hundreds, not thousands).

-- Suspension of military activity will occur after the beginning of verifiable withdrawals.

-- The discussion and achieving of a military-technical agreement shall not extend the previously determined time for completion of withdrawals.

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