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COUNTRY Uzbekistan
ELECTION TYPE Parliamentary
DATE December 26, 2004
At stake in this election:
  • 120 seats in the Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) and 100 seats in the Senate.
Description of government structure:
  • Chief of State: President Islom KARIMOV
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYAYEV
  • Assembly: Under a referendum passed in 2002, this election marks the inauguration of a bicameral parliament that consists of the Senate with 100 seats and the Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) with 120 seats*.

*Note: Currently there is a unicameral Supreme Assembly with 250 seats.

Description of electoral system:
  • The president is elected by popular vote to serve seven-year term.
  • Members of the Supreme Assembly are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. For the Senate, 84 members will be elected within their constituencies while the remaining 16 are appointed by the president.
Main parties in the electoral race:
  • Party: People’s Democratic Party (NDP)
    Leader: Asliddin RUSTAMOV
    Seats won in last election: 48

  • Party: Self-Sacrificers Party (Fidokorlar National Democratic Party)*
    Leader: Ahtam TURSUNOV
    Seats won in last election: 54

*Note: In the 1999 elections, the Self-Sacrificiers Party won 34 seats. After the elections, the 20-seat Fatherland Progress Party joined the Self-Sacrificiers Party, increasing its seats to 54.

  • Party: Adolat (Justice) Social Democratic Party
    Leader: Anwar JURABAYEV
    Seats won in last election: 11

  • Party: Democratic National Rebirth Party (MTP)
    Leader: Aziz KAYUMOV
    Seats won in last election: 10
When was the last election?
  • Parliamentary elections took place in Uzbekistan on December 5 and 19, 1999. In this election, 250 seats in the Supreme Assembly were contested.
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 26,410,416 (July 2004 estimate)
  • Number of registered voters: NA
Of interest:
  • According to international groups, there is concern that the elections will not be free and fair. Opposition parties have been denied the right to register for the elections, and there have been reports of intimidation of opposition parties.
  • Other concerns include lack of media coverage for opposition groups, restrictions for civil activities, and limited resources for voter education.

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