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Election Watch

Islamic Republic of Iran Presidential June 8, 2001
At stake in this election:
  • Office of president of Iran
Description of government structure:
  • Chief of State: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Hoseini-KHAMENEI
  • Head of Government: President Mohammad KHATAMI
  • Assembly: Iran's unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami) has 290 members.
Description of electoral system:
  • The president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term.
  • The Assembly of Experts appoints the leader of the Islamic Revolution.
  • Members of the Islamic Consultative Assembly are elected by majority vote in two rounds. A candidate must win at least one third of the votes cast to be elected in the first round, and a simple majority in the second round. All members serve four-year terms.
  • The Islamic Consultative Assembly elects six members to the Council of Guardians and an additional six are appointed by the president. The Council of Guardians is responsible for assuring that legislation passed is compatible with Islam. They also supervise elections for the Assembly of Experts, the president and the parliament.
Results of the election for president:
  • Presidential Candidate: Mohammad KHATAMI
    Party: Independent Candidate

  • Presidential Candidate: Ahmad TAVAKOLI
    Party: Independent Candidate

  • Presidential Candidate: Ali SHAMKHANI
    Party: Independent Candidate

  • Presidential Candidate: Ali FALLAHIAN
    Party: Independent Candidate

  • Presidential Candidate: Hassan GHAFOURIFARD
    Party: Independent Candidate

  • Presidential Candidate: Abdollah JASBI
    Party: Independent Candidate
    *Note: There are no formal political parties in Iran.
When was the last election?
  • Presidential elections were last held on May 23, 1997
  • President Mohammad KHATAMI received 69% of the vote.
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 65,619,636 (July 2000)
  • Number of registered voters: 38,700,000 (2000)
Of Interest:
  • President KHATAMI announced his candidacy on May 4, 2001, two days before the registration deadline. Prior to his registration, 220 of the 290 members of parliament signed a letter asking him to run.
  • KHATAMI received over 70% of the vote in the 1997 elections, and is widely favored to win this election, according to news sources.
  • The Council of Guardians must approve the eligibility of all candidates. Of the 814 applications received, the Council approved ten, including the incumbent president. Among those rejected were all 45 applications from women.
For additional information: IFES ElectionGuide Online


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