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SERBIA
COUNTRY Republic of Serbia
ELECTION TYPE Presidential
DATE June 13, 2004
At stake in this election:
  • The office of the president of the Serbian Republic.
Description of government structure:
  • Chief of State: President Predrag MARKOVIC
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Vojislav KOSTUNICA
  • Assembly: Serbia has a unicameral National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia with 250 seats.

    **Note: Since Serbia does not have an elected president since 2002, Parliamentary Speaker Predrag MARKOVIC was appointed as Acting President.

Description of electoral structure:
  • The president is elected by direct popular vote to serve a term of five years.
  • Members of parliament are elected via popular vote to serve a four-year term.
Main candidates in the presidential race:
  • Presidential Candidate: Boris TADIC
    Party: Democratic Party (DS)

  • Presidential Candidate: Dragan DJORDJEVIC
    Party: Independent

  • Presidential Candidate: Ljiljana ARANDJELOVIC
    Party: United Serbia (JS)

  • Presidential Candidate: Dragan MARSICANIN*
    Bloc: Democratic Party of Serbia, G 17 Plus, and Serbian Renewal Movement and New Serbia (SPO-NS)

*Note: MARSICANIN was selected as the joint candidate by these parties.

  • Presidential Candidate: Bogoljub KARIC
    Party: Independent

  • Presidential candidate: Princess Jelisaveta KARADJORDJEVIC
    Party: Independent

  • Presidential Candidate: Borislav PELEVIC
    Party: Party of Serbian Unity (SSJ)

  • Presidential Candidate: Branislav IVKOVIC
    Party: Socialist People’s Party (SNS)

  • Presidential Candidate: Tomislav NIKOLIC
    Party: Serbian Radical Party (SRS)

  • Presidential Candidate: Ivica DACIC
    Party: Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS)
When was the last election?
  • Presidential elections were last held on November 16, 2003. In this election, Tomislav NIKOLIC of the Serbian Radical Party (SRS) won 46.9% of the votes while Dragoljub MICUNOVIC of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) won 36.67% of the votes. The election however was deemed invalid because less than 50% of the registered voters participated.
Population and number of eligible voters:
  • Population: 10,665,774 (Based on the April 2002 census)
  • Number of registered voters: 6,405,755
Is there anything unique about this upcoming election that would be of interest to an international audience?
  • Serbia has not had an elected president since November 2002, when former Serbian President Milan MILUTINOVIC finished his term prior to being sent to The Hague for war crimes. This will be the fourth the time the country will try to elect a president into office. The other three attempts failed because less than 50% of the registered voters participated in the elections.
  • On February 25, 2004 the Serbian parliament approved an electoral amendment which abolished the 50% voter threshold. The new amendment revoked the requirement that 50% of the registered voters must cast votes in order to make the election valid.
  • Election-related issues include Serbia’s relations with Montenegro, its own status as an independent state, and the need to improve Serbia’s economy and infrastructure. The government hopes to improve conditions within the country before filing membership to join the European Union.
SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR ELECTION SYSTEMS (IFES)
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: IFES ELECTIONGUIDE ONLINEexternal link
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