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ROMANIA
COUNTRY Republic of Romania
ELECTION TYPE Predidential
DATE November 28, 2004
At stake in this election:
  • The office of the president of the Republic of Romania.
Description of government structure:
  • Chief of State: President Ion ILIESCU
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Adrian NASTASE
  • Assembly: Romania has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament or Parlamentul Romaniei) consisting of a Senate (Senat or Senatul) with 140 seats and a Chamber of Deputies (Adunarea Deuptatilor or Camera Deputatilor) with 345 seats.
Description of electoral system:
  • The president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term.
  • In Parliament, members of both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies are elected via proportional representation system to serve four-year terms.
Results from the presidential race: (Second Round) *
Note: This based from 98.76% of votes counted.
  • Presidential Candidate: Traian BASESCU
    Bloc: Justice and Truth Coalition (DA)
    Total Votes: 5,126,794
    Percentage of Total Votes: 51.23%

  • Presidential Candidate: Adrian NASTASE
    Party: Social Democratic Party (PDS)
    Total Votes: 44,881,520
    Percentage of Total Votes: 48.77%
Results from the presidential race: (First Round)
  • Presidential Candidate: Adrian NASTASE
    Party: Social Democratic Party (PDS)
    Total Votes: 4,278,864
    Percentage of Total Votes: 40.94%

  • Presidential Candidate: Traian BASESCU*
    Bloc: Justice and Truth Coalition (DA)*
    Total Votes: 3,545,236
    Percentage of Total Votes: 33.92%

*Note: On October 2004, BASESCU replaced Theodor STOLOJAN after STOLOJAN withdrew due to health reasons.

**Note: This coalition consists of the National Liberal Party (PNL) and the Democratic Party (PD).

  • Presidential Candidate: Corneliu Vadim TUDOR
    Party: Great Romania Party or Romania Mare Party (PRM)
    Total Votes: 1,313,714
    Percentage of Total Votes: 12.57%

  • Presidential Candidate: Markó BÉLA
    Party: Hungarian Democratic Alliance of Romania (UDMR)
    Total Votes: 533,446
    Percentage of Total Votes: 5.10%

  • Presidential Candidate: Gheorghe CIUHANDU
    Party: Democratic National Peasant Party (PNTCD)
    Total Votes: 198,394
    Percentage of Total Votes: 1.90%

  • Presidential Candidate: Gigi BECALI
    Party: New Generation Party (PNG)
    Total Votes: 184,560
    Percentage of Total Votes: 1.77%

NATASE and BASESCU will advance to the second round of elections on December 12, 2004.

When was the last election?
  • The last presidential election took place on December 10 and 12, 2000. In this election, Ion ILESCU of the Party of Social Democracy of Romania-Social Democratic Party (PDSR-PSDR) won 66.84% of the votes while Corneliu VADIM TUDOR of the Great Romania Party secured 33.16% of the votes.
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 22,355,551 (July 2004 estimate)
  • Number of registered voters: 18,449,676
Is there anything unique about this election that would be of interest to an international audience?
  • Major election issues in Romania included economic reforms, government corruption, and resolution of ethnic tensions.
SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR ELECTION SYSTEMS (IFES)
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: IFES ELECTIONGUIDE ONLINEexternal link
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