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EDITIONS


Election Watch


Philippines (Presidential)
COUNTRY ELECTION TYPE DATE
Republic of the Philippines Presidential and Vice Presidential May 11, 1998
At stake in this election:
  • The office of the president and vice president of the Philippines
Description of government structure:
  • The president is directly elected for a six-year term.
  • The Philippines' constitution limits the president to a single term in office.
  • A plurality of the popular vote is required to be elected president or vice president.
  • The president and vice president are elected on separate tickets.
Results of the election for president:
  • Presidential Candidate: Joseph ESTRADA
    Party: Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP)
    Valid Votes Received: 10,722,295
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 39.86%

  • Presidential Candidate: Jose de VENECIA
    Party: People Power-National Union of Christian Democrats (Lakas-NUCD)
    Valid Votes Received: 4,268,483
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 15.87%

  • Presidential Candidate: Raul ROCO
    Party: Democratic Action
    Valid Votes Received: 3,720,212
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 13.83%

  • Presidential Candidate: Emilio OSMENA
    Party: Progressive Movement for Development Initiatives (PROMDI)
    Valid Votes Received: 3,347,631
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 12.44%

  • Presidential Candidate: Alfredo LIM
    Party: Liberal Party (LP)
    Valid Votes Received: 2,344,362
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 8.71%

  • Presidential Candidate: Renato de VILLA
    Party: Reporma
    Valid Votes Received: 1,308,352
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 4.86%
Results of the election for vice president:
  • Vice Presidential Candidate: Gloria MACAPAGAL
    Party: People Power-National Union of Christian Democrats (Lakas-NUCD)
    Valid Votes Received: 12,667,252
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 49.56%

  • Vice Presidential Candidate: Edgardo ANGARA
    Party: Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP)
    Valid Votes Received: 5,652,068
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 22.11%

  • Vice Presidential Candidate: Oscar ORBOS
    Party: Reporma
    Valid Votes Received: 3,321,779
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 13.00%

  • Vice Presidential Candidate: Serge OSMENA
    Party: Liberal Party (LP)
    Valid Votes Received: 2,351,462
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 9.20%
When were the last presidential and vice presidential elections?
  • Last presidential and vice presidential elections held: May 11, 1992
  • In the presidential election, Fidel Valdes RAMOS received 23.6% of the vote and thus defeated Miriam SANTIAGO, his closest competitor with 19.7% of the vote.
  • In the vice presidential election, Joseph ESTRADA received 33.0% of the vote and thus defeated Marcelo FERNAN, his closest competitor with 21.7% of the vote.
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 76,103,564 (July 1997 estimate)
  • Number of registered voters: 34,000,000 (approx.)
Of Interest:
  • With ten official candidates, the May 1998 election was the Philippines' largest presidential race in the country's history.
SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR ELECTION SYSTEMS (IFES)
For additional information: IFES ElectionGuide Online









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