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EDITIONS


Election Watch


India (Parliamentary)
COUNTRY ELECTION TYPE DATE
Republic of India Parliamentary Day 1: September 5, 1999
Day 2: September 11, 1999
Day 3: September 18, 1999
Day 4: September 25, 1999
Day 5: October 3, 1999
At stake in this election:
  • Seats in the Lok Sabha: 543
Description of government structure:
  • India's bicameral parliament is composed of the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
  • The Rajya Sabha currently consists of 245 members.
  • The Lok Sabha currently consists of 543 members.
Description of electoral system:
  • The president is indirectly elected by members of the Rajya Sabha, the Lok Sabha, and the state assemblies (Vidhan Sabhas) for a five-year term.
  • Members of the Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by the state assemblies using a single transferable vote (STV) system. Up to twelve additional members are nominated by the President as representatives of literature, science, art, and social services. Members of the Rajya Sabha serve for six-year terms.
  • Members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected from 543 single-member constituencies by a first past the post (FPTP) system to serve five-year terms.
Results of the electoral race:
  • Party Alliance: National Democratic Alliance (NDA) (formed 1999)
    The NDA is composed of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party
    Leaders: Atal Bijari VAJPAYEE, George FERNANDES, Ramakrishna HEDGE
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 182
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 194

  • Party: Indian National Congress (INC)
    Leader: Sonia GANDHI
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 112
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 141

  • Party: Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)
    Leader: Harkishan Singh SURJEET
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 32
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 32

    Regional Parties:

  • Party: Telegu Desam Party (TDP)
    Leader: N. Chandrababu NAIDU
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 29
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 11

  • Party: Samajwadi Party (SP)
    Leader: Mulayam Singh YADAV
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 26 
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 20

  • Party: Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)
    Leader: Laloo Prasad YADAV
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 20
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 17

  • Party: Shiv Sena
    Leader: Bal THACKERAY
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 15
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 6

  • Party: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
    Leader: K. KARUNANIDHI
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 12
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 6

  • Party: All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
    Leader: JAYALALITHA
    Seats won in this election to the Lok Sabha: 10
    Seats won in last election to the Lok Sabha: 18
When was the last election? Number of seats in last election?
  • Elections to the Lok Sabha last held: February 16 - March 7, 1998
  • Seats decided in the last election to the Lok Sabha: 543
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 984,003,683 (July 1998 estimate)
  • Number of registered voters: 605,445,809 (figure from 1998 election)
Of Interest:
  • With over 600 million voters, India is the world's largest democracy.
  • The 1999 election was the third election to the Lok Sabha in three years.
  • Prime Minister Atal Bijari VAJPAYEE's governing coalition lost a confidence vote on April 17, 1999. No opposition parties were subsequently able to form a new Cabinet.
  • Major campaign issues included India's stagnant economy and the handling of the Kargil conflict with Pakistan.
SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR ELECTION SYSTEMS (IFES)
For additional information: IFES ElectionGuide Online









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