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EDITIONS


Election Watch


Peru
COUNTRY ELECTION TYPE DATE
Republic of Peru Presidential April 8, 2001 (Round One)
June 3, 2001 (Round Two)
At stake in this election:
  • Office of president of the Republic of Peru
Description of government structure:
  • Assembly: Peru has a unicameral Congreso de la Republica (Congress of the Republic) with 120 seats.
Description of electoral structure:
  • The president is elected by absolute majority vote to a five-year term.
  • Beginning with the April 8, 2001 elections, members of the Congress will be elected by simple majority vote in geographic constituencies for five-year terms. Previously, members were elected by a system of proportional representation in a nationwide constituency.
Results of the presidential election:
  • Presidential Candidate: Alejandro TOLEDO
    Party: Peru Posible
    Second Round Valid Votes Received: 5,548,556
    Second Round Percentage of Valid Votes: 53.08%
    First Round Valid Votes Received: 3,871,167
    First Round Percentage of Valid Votes: 36.51%

  • Presidential Candidate: Alan GARCIA
    Party: Partido Aprista Peruano (APRA)
    Second Round Valid Votes Received: 4,904,929
    Second Round Percentage of Valid Votes: 46.92%
    First Round Valid Votes Received: 2,732,857
    First Round Percentage of Valid Votes: 25.78%

  • Presidential Candidate: Lourdes FLORES
    Party: Unidad Nacional
    First Round Valid Votes Received: 2,576,653
    First Round Percentage of Valid Votes: 24.30%
    Eliminated from Second Round

  • Presidential Candidate: Fernando OLIVERA
    Party: Frente Independiente Moralizador (FIM)
    First Round Valid Votes Received: 1,044,207
    First Round Percentage of Valid Votes: 9.85%
    Eliminated from Second Round

  • Presidential Candidate: Carlos BOLOĐA
    Party: Soluciˇn Popular
    First Round Valid Votes Received: 179,243
    First Round Percentage of Valid Votes: 1.69%
    Eliminated from Second Round
When was the last election?
  • Presidential Elections were last held on April 9, 2000 and May 28, 2000
  • Alberto FUJIMORI ran unopposed in the second round election and received 74.33% of the vote.
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 27,012,899 (July 2000 est.)
  • Number of registered voters: 14,650,550
Of Interest:
  • On September 16, 2000, former President Alberto FUJIMORI announced early elections in which he would not take part. This announcement followed the release of a video tape that implicated Vladimiro MONTESINOS, FUJIMORI's intelligence chief, in a corruption scandal.
  • The presidential elections held on April 9, 2000 and May 28, 2000 were surrounded by allegations of fraud and protests led by opposition groups including FUJIMORI's primary challengar Alejandro TOLEDO.
  • Alan GARCIA was President of Peru from 1985-1990, and has returned from exile to participate in these elections.
SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR ELECTION SYSTEMS (IFES)
For additional information: IFES ElectionGuide Online









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