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Election Watch


South Africa
COUNTRY ELECTION TYPE DATE
Republic of South Africa Parliamentary June 2, 1999
At stake in this election:
  • Seats in the National Assembly: 400
Description of government structure:
  • South Africa's bicameral parliament is composed of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces.
  • The National Assembly consists of no more than 400 members.
  • The National Council of Provinces consists of 90 members.
Description of electoral system:
  • The president is indirectly elected by members of the National Assembly for a five-year term.
  • Members of the National Assembly are directly elected from nine multi-member constituencies by a system of proportional representation for five-year terms. 200 seats are chosen from national party lists and 200 seats are chosen from regional party lists.
  • Members of the National Council of Provinces (NCOP) are chosen by political parties from the nine provincial legislatures to serve five-year terms. Each of the provinces is allotted 10 seats to the NCOP.
Results of the electoral races:
  • Party: African National Congress (ANC)
    Leader: Thabo M. MBEKI
    Seats won in this election to the National Assembly: 266
    Seats won in last election to the National Assembly: 252

  • Party: Democratic Party (DP)
    Leader: Tony LEON
    Seats won in this election to the National Assembly: 38
    Seats won in last election to the National Assembly: 7

  • Party: Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)
    Leader: Mangosuthu BUTHELEZI
    Seats won in this election to the National Assembly: 34
    Seats won in last election to the National Assembly: 43

  • Party: National Party (NNP)
    Leader: Marthinus VAN SCHALKWYK
    Seats won in this election to the National Assembly: 28
    Seats won in last election to the National Assembly: 82 (as the National Party)

  • Party: Democratic Movement (UDM)
    Leader: Bantu HOLOMISA, Roelf MEYER
    Seats won in this election to the National Assembly: 14
    Seats won in last election to the National Assembly: 0 (The UDM was formed since the last election)

  • Party: African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP)
    Leader: Kenneth R. J. MESHOE
    Seats won in this election to the National Assembly: 6
    Seats won in last election to the National Assembly: 2

    Note: A total of 13 political parties received seats in the National Assembly in the June 1999 election.
When was the last election? Number of seats in last election?
  • Elections to the National Assembly last held: April 26-29, 1994
  • Seats decided in the 1994 election: 400
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 42,834,520 (July 1998 estimate)
  • Number of registered voters: 18,300,000 (approx.)
Of Interest:
  • The June 1999 National Assembly poll was South Africa's second multi-party democratic national election.
  • The election was the first under South Africa's 1996 constitution.
SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR ELECTION SYSTEMS (IFES)
For additional information: IFES ElectionGuide Online









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