The transfer of authority from the United Nations to NATO has begun. The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to authorize NATO to send troops to Bosnia, therefore shutting down a U.N. mission that failed to restore the peace in the war-torn Balkans. The 15-member council's approval was required to officially begin the process of dispatching NATO troops to relieve the 20,000 U.N. soldiers in Bosnia of their peacekeeping duties. The North Atlantic Council in Brussels, Belgium, will give the measure final approval before 60,000 troops are dispatched to enforce the Bosnia peace agreement brokered last month in Dayton, Ohio, and signed Thursday in Paris.
A somber ceremony marked the official beginning of peace in the Balkans Friday as the presidents of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia signed a treaty to end three and a half years of war.
After signing the agreement negotiated last month in Dayton, Ohio, the Balkan presidents each expressed their hopes for a lasting peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina, which has lost 200,000 citizens to the war.
December 3, 1995 -- Clinton sends first troops to Bosnia
President Bill Clinton said Sunday he has authorized the first deployment of U.S. troops to Bosnia. The vanguard of 700 soldiers will help lay the ground work for an international peace-keeping force of thousands.Clinton's news came at the end of a five-day European tour during which he rallied international support for the Bosnia mission and delivered a pep talk to U.S. soldiers training in Germany. The soldiers, trained in logistics and communications, will head into Bosnia in the next few days. They will form part of a 2,500-strong NATO enabling force charged with laying the ground work for NATO peacekeepers. The majority of U.S. troops -- some 20,000 soldiers -- will be dispatched after the Bosnian peace treaty is signed December 14 in Paris. They will join 40,000 troops from 25 other countries.
November 24, 1995 -- Bosnian Serbs grudgingly embrace peace plan
Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic objected to provisions of the Bosnian peace agreement Friday, but said it was time to stop the military struggle and to fight by political means instead. Karadzic and Bosnian Serb Parliament Speaker Momcilo Krajisnik appeared on Bosnian Serb television Friday night to explain both their objections to the deal and their willingness to accept it. Karadzic said his government achieved most of its goals. He said that while his government has not been recognized as a state, it is now internationally recognized as a Serbian republic inside Bosnia. Krajisnik complained that during the peace negotiations, the Bosnian Serbs were overruled and often ignored by their representative, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic.
November 21, 1995 -- Balkan leaders initial peace agreement
The presidents of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia initialed a wide-ranging peace agreement Tuesday, signaling what negotiators hope will be an end to the 43-month civil war in the former Yugoslavia.
Franjo Tudjman of Croatia, Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia-Herzegovina initialed the agreement at about 4 p.m. EST at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, where negotiations had been held for the last three weeks. Only a few hours earlier, the talks had appeared on the verge of collapse. A formal peace agreement is to be signed next month in Paris.
November 1, 1995 -- Diplomacy begins in Dayton
An Ohio city famous for inventions hopes it can help craft a peaceful end to Bosnia's four-year civil war. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, is where international mediators open Bosnian peace talks Wednesday. Worshippers at a recent church service in Dayton prayed for peace among the Muslims of Bosnia, the Catholics of Croatia and the orthodox Christians of Serbia. (927K QuickTime movie)
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