July 11, 1995 -- Srebrenica tumbles to Serbs
Bosnian Serb forces sweep into a U.N. safe area in the Bosnian city of Srebrenica, causing a massive exodus of civilians. Dutch peacekeepers call in air strikes by U.S. and Dutch warplanes, but the defensive effort fails and the peacekeepers withdraw.
May 26, 1995 -- U.N. peacekeepers seized
Bosnian Serbs seize U.N. peacekeeping troops, using them as human shields against NATO airstrikes. All hostages are subsequently released. Several days later, British Prime Minister John Major says it may be necessary to remove British troops from Bosnia if the risk becomes too great (188K AIFF sound or 188K WAV sound).
May 25, 1995 -- NATO launches air strikes
NATO launches air strikes against Bosnian Serbs. The U.N. commander in Bosnia had threatened one day earlier to use the strikes if heavy weapons in the capital of Sarajevo were not silenced by the morning of May 25.
May 1, 1995 -- Fighting renews
A four month cease-fire ends in Bosnia and fighting, which had never completely ended, escalates. In Croatia, the government begins a new offensive against Croatian Serbs. Hear the rattle of gunfire in Bosnia (179K AIFF sound or 179K WAV sound).
December 23, 1994 -- Serbs agree to cease-fire
Bosnian Serbs agree to a temporary case-fire following talks with former U.S. president Jimmy Carter. Despite early problems with violence, the cease-fire lasts four months.
June 1991 -- With independence, war
Fighting erupts after Slovenia and Croatia declare independence from the Yugoslav federation. The battles were to continue for years, as suggested by this 1994 footage from the shelling of a marketplace in Sarajevo (2M QuickTime movie).
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