Memorandum of Understanding
the United Nations and the Republic of Iraq
1. The Government of Iraq reconfirms its acceptance of all relevant resolutions
of the Security Council, including resolutions 687 (1991) and 715 (1991). The
Government of Iraq further reiterates its undertaking to cooperate fully with
the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) and the International Atomic
Energy Agency (IAEA).
2. The United Nations reiterates the commitment of all Member States to respect
the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq.
3. The Government of Iraq undertakes to accord to UNSCOM and IAEA immediate,
unconditional and unrestricted access in conformity with the resolutions
referred to in paragraph 1. In the performance of its mandate under the
Security Council resolutions, UNSCOM undertakes to respect the legitimate
concerns of Iraq relating to national security, sovereignty and dignity.
4. The United Nations and the Government of Iraq agree that the following
special procedures shall apply to the initial and subsequent entries for the
performance of the tasks mandated at the eight Presidential Sites in Iraq as
defined in the annex to the present Memorandum:
a) A Special Group shall be established for this purpose by the
Secretary-General in consultation with the Executive Chairman of UNSCOM and the
Director General of IAEA. This Group shall comprise senior diplomats appointed
by the Secretary-General and experts drawn from UNSCOM and IAEA. The Group
shall be headed by a Commissioner appointed by the Secretary-General.
b) In carrying out its work, the Special Group shall operate under the
established procedures of UNSCOM and IAEA, and specific detailed procedures
which will be developed given the special nature of the Presidential Sites, in
accordance with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council.
c) The report of the Special Group on its activities and findings shall be
submitted by the Executive Chairman of UNSCOM to the Security Council through
5. The United Nations and the Government of Iraq further agree that all other
areas, facilities, equipment, records and means of transportation shall be
subject to UNSCOM procedures hitherto established.
6. Noting the progress achieved by UNSCOM in various disarmament areas, and the
need to intensify efforts in order to complete its mandate, the United Nations
and the Government of Iraq agree to improve cooperation, and efficiency,
effectiveness and transparency of work, so as to enable UNSCOM to report to the
Council expeditiously under paragraph 22 of resolution 687 (1991). To achieve
this goal, the Government of Iraq and UNSCOM will implement the recommendations
directed at them as contained in the report of the emergency session of UNSCOM
held on 21 November 1997.
7. The lifting of sanctions is obviously of paramount importance to the people
and Government of Iraq and the Secretary-General undertook to bring this matter
to the full attention of the members of the Security Council.
Signed this 23rd day of February 1998 in Baghdad in two originals in English.
For the United Nations|
Kofi A. Annan
For the Republic of Iraq|
Deputy Prime Minister
to the Memorandum of Understanding
between the United Nations and the Republic of Iraq
of 23 February 1998
The eight Presidential Sites subject to the regime agreed upon in the present
Memorandum of Understanding are the following:
- The Republican Palace Presidential Site (Baghdad).
- Radwaniyah Presidential Site (Baghdad)
- Sijood Presidential Site (Baghdad).
- Tikrit Presidential Site.
- Tharthar Presidential Site.
- Jabal Makhul Presidential Site.
- Mosul Presidential Site.
- Basrah Presidential Site.
The perimeter of the area of each site is recorded in the survey of the
"Presidential sites" in Iraq implemented by the United Nations Technical
Mission designated by the Secretary-General, as attached to the letter dated 21
February 1998 addressed by the Secretary-General to the Deputy Prime Minister