Montenegro's new president sworn in
Djukanovic was sworn in as Montenegro's new president on Thursday
Opponents of new president clashed with police Wednesday
January 15, 1998
Web posted at: 2:48 p.m. EST (1948 GMT)
CETINJE, Yugoslavia (CNN) -- Montenegro's president-elect Milo Djukanovic was sworn in without incident on Thursday, following a night of street clashes between police and supporters of his political rival, outgoing President Momir Bulatovic.
Under heavy security, the inaugural ceremony began at 1630 GMT in the ancient town of Cetinje.
"I swear to perform my duty as president of Montenegro with honour and honesty for the good and progress of Montenegro and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and all its citizens," Djukanovic said before an audience filled with supporters and about 50 foreign dignitaries.
Rival's supporters clashed with police
Supporters of his rival, outgoing hard-line president Momir Bulatovic, clashed with police on Wednesday in a last-ditch effort to block the transfer of power in the republic.
About 45 people were injured when demonstrators fired shots into the air and threw missiles at police after Bulatovic called on the crowd of several thousand to show its strength.
Podgorica police tighten security Thursday
Workers cleared debris from the streets on Thursday and towed away wrecked cars. Reporters said the north of the republic, a stronghold of Bulatovic hard-liners, was also quiet.
U.S. envoy holds Milosevic responsible
In Belgrade, U.S. envoy to the Balkans Robert Gelbard said his country held Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic responsible for the violent demonstrations.
Gelbard said remaining sanctions on Yugoslavia would not be lifted "until and unless the government of this country and its political leaders come to accept that international standards of behavior and democratic processes, and recognition and acceptance of democratic processes are what the world expects to happen."
"I ... have to hold President Milosevic responsible for supporting these demonstrations and for not restraining his colleague, Mr. Bulatovic," Gelbard told reporters.
He said the U.S. government and the international community were deeply concerned and offended "by the absolutely outrageous behavior by outgoing President Bulatovic in inciting these illegal riots ... completely in contravention with international law and all accepted standards."
Bulatovic has claimed fraud in elections
Djukanovic won October elections in Montenegro. But Bulatovic has refused to recognize the result of the balloting, claiming fraud, although international observers have said the elections generally were free and fair.
Bulatovic had given Gelbard his word in person on Monday that he would hand over power peacefully to his rival. He later backtracked on that pledge, inciting the crowd on Wednesday.
Gelbard said he was "personally offended" Bulatovic had gone back on his word.
"His subsequent behavior makes it very clear that he is not a person who lives by international standards or accepts democracy. I hold him responsible along with his collaborators for this outrageous illegal behavior," Gelbard said.
"The United States government supports the election of president-elect Djukanovic. We, and I know others, expect to see his inauguration take place peacefully and expect to see no interference in his ability to implement the government which he will be putting into place," Gelbard stressed.
Ambassadors from some 50 countries were in Montenegro for Thursday's ceremony.
Wednesday's confrontation threatened to create a new Balkan flashpoint in Montenegro, with the young reformist Djukanovic a rival to Milosevic's hold on power in the federation which now comprises Serbia and its smaller sister republic.
Reuters contributed to this report.