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China's century

photo of deng February 19, 1997
Web posted at: 8:45 p.m. EST (0145 GMT)

(CNN) -- Key events in China after the fall of its last dynasty:

October 10, 1911: Imperial rule collapses when provinces declare independence from the Qing dynasty.

January 1, 1912: Sun Yat-sen, regarded as the father of modern China, is named provisional president of the Chinese Republic.

February 1912: Sun resigns and Yuan Shih-kai, a reformist official and chief trainer of the army, becomes first president.

1913: Yuan dissolves parliament and takes dictatorial powers.

1916: Yuan dies; China disintegrates into regionalism ruled by feudal warlords.

April 1917: Sun declares himself generalissimo of his own regime.

1921: Communist Party founded in Shanghai.

1923: Communists and Sun's Nationalists ally to drive out the warlords.

1925: Sun dies, is succeeded by Chiang Kai-shek.

1927: Communist-Nationalist alliance breaks, civil war follows.

1928: Chiang establishes Republic of China in Nanjing, but most of China still ruled by warlords.

1931: Japan invades northeast China, sets up former Qing emperor as puppet-emperor of Manchukuo.

1937: Communist-Nationalist civil war suspended for Anti-Japanese War, which merges into World War II.

1945: World War II ends; civil war resumes.

February 3, 1949: Communist troops enter Beijing.

October 1, 1949: Communist leader Mao Tse-tung declares founding of People's Republic of China.

1950: Mao quickly brings China under his control, and allies the country with the Soviet Union.

October 25, 1950: Troops from the United States and China clash near Pukchin, Korea.

November 26-27, 1950: China sends a huge army against United Nations troops in Korea.

1953: China begins its first Five Year Plan for economic development.

1976: After an extended illness, Mao Tse-tung dies.

July 22, 1977: Deng is named vice premier and goes on to lead China through its greatest period of modernization and foreign contact.

January 1, 1979: China and the U.S. establish normal diplomatic relations. The U.S. recognizes Beijing as capital of China.

April 1988: Li Peng named premier.

1989: Thousands thought killed as government moves to stifle pro-democracy student demonstrations.


 
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