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National Museum in Brazil Burns to Ground; Confirmation Hearings for Brett Kavanaugh Starts This Week; Jeff Tuban Talks About Partisanship in Supreme Court Nominee Confirmations; Water Fountains Shut Off in Some Detroit Schools; Stand Out Young Athlete from Across America; Utah Stocking Out of the Way Lakes By Air

Aired September 4, 2018 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Broadcasting from the CNN Center in Atlanta, Georgia, I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to the show. We hope you enjoyed the

Labor Day holiday. It you`re just now starting to watch CNN 10, we welcome you and thank you for taking time to hear objective explanations of what`s

going on in the world. In the South American nation of Brazil, history has been lost. A fire started Sunday evening at the country`s National Museum.

And though firefighters worked throughout the night to try to stop it, you can see from this video while one museum official says very little will be

left.

No serious injuries were reported and authorities don`t know yet what caused the fire or how many artifacts were destroyed. But observers expect

that most of them were probably burned. This building itself is historic. It used to be the home of a Portuguese royal family. It was converted into

a museum 200 years ago and since then it`s collected 20 million artifacts that date back thousands of years. It houses everything from the oldest

human remains ever identified as being from Brazil to the largest meteorite ever found in Brazil. The National Museum is known around the world for

it`s priceless collection and it`s research.

And while a Brazilian government official says he wants fire preparedness to be evaluated at every other museum in the country to try to avoid this

anywhere else. The nation`s President says, the loss of artifacts at the National Museum is insurmountable for Brazil.

10 Second Trivia. Which of these landmarks in Washington, D.C. was completed in 1935? Washington Monument, Supreme Court Building, Lincoln

Memorial or National Portrait Gallery. The building of the nation`s highest court was completed in 1935. Before that, the Court had no

permanent home of it`s own and met in various other places.

Following the Labor Day holiday, as people across America go back to work and school one task ahead of the U.S. Senate is holding confirmation

hearings for Judge Brett Kavanaugh. Those start today. Kavanaugh is a U.S. Court of Appeals Judge. He`s also President Trump`s choice to join

the Supreme Court. Judge Kavanaugh would replace Justice Anthony Kennedy who retired from the High Court earlier this year. President`s can`t

directly appoint Supreme Court Justices. They have to nominate them and the Senate gives advice and consent, a phrase from the U.S. Constitution by

holding hearings and then voting on whether it approves the President`s choice.

Judge Kavanaugh is President Trump`s second nominee to the High Court. His first was confirmed in April of last year when Justice Neil Gorsuch

completed the process to replace Justice Antonin Scalia who died the year before. There`s been a largely partisan fight over whether Judge Kavanaugh

should be confirmed to the High Court. Most Republicans appear to support his nomination. Most Democrats appear to oppose it and as Jeff Tuban

explains, the political divide over Presidential Supreme Court Nominees is nothing new.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

JEFF TUBAN, CNN LEGAL ANALYST: Federal judges including Supreme Court Justices serve for life. That`s why President`s regard these judicial

appointments as such an important way to extend their own legacies. The Constitution does not set out a resume that a Supreme Court Justice has to

have. There`s no requirement in the Constitution that a Supreme Court Justice even be a lawyer but traditionally President`s have nominated

impeccably qualified sitting judges.

Both Presidents and Senators like to say that the confirmation process is all about qualifications but it`s really also about politics. Virtually

every important issue in American politics and even American life winds up in front of the Supreme Court and they have the last word. Both the

President and the Senators trying to figure out how the nominee stands on the hot button issues that the Supreme Court deals with. And that`s why

the Senators will vote yes or no.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

CARL AZUZ: Water fountains have been shut out at all public schools in Detroit, Michigan. The reason, recent testing from fountains or sinks at

24 schools in the district found that water in 16 of them had unacceptably high levels of copper, lead or both. These metals can get into drinking

water when plumbing pipes that are made from them corrode. And it`s significant because high level of copper and lead can cause a range of

health problems. They`ve been linked from everything from liver and kidney disease to developmental delays and behavioral disorders.

There are more than 100 public schools in Detroit. They serve more than 47,000 students and they still have water to drink it just comes from

bottles and coolers that officials have brought in. Water quality problems have been found at 34 Detroit schools in total and tests are still being

carried out at 50 other schools. Detroit`s Water Department says the schools old plumbing systems are responsible and that the water problems do

not extend to other parts of the city.

It also says there are no lead pipes that connect the schools plumbing so what might have caused the high levels of lead and copper officials haven`t

said yet. Detroit isn`t the only part of Michigan to deal with water problems though. A long term crisis in the city of Flint, about an hours

drive northwest of Detroit involved dangerously high levels of lead.

Facing down their challenges. Keeping their chin up when things don`t look good. Reaching out to help others or help inspire them. These are some of

the attributes of a positive athlete and Haley Johnson seems to have all of them. The Wisconsin soccer player is a great addition to our new series on

"Stand Out Young Athletes from Across America".

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

HALEY JOHNSON, SOCCER PLAYER FROM WISCONSIN: Soccer`s like the one thing I love doing. Like if I have a bad day I want to go play soccer. I`m bored.

I want to go play soccer.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Her high school career has been a just - - just a rollercoaster. I think coming in as a Freshman, you don`t know what to

expect and I think she put out - - she has just a phenomenal year.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And then we go into her Junior year, (inaudible) say hey, things aren`t going like I wanted to. I can`t catch my breath.

JOHNSON: I was really struggling. I was finishing last in sprints. It`s not normal. I think there`s something wrong.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We took her for testing. When the doctor put up the x-ray she showed us the white mass on the x-ray. The doctor, you know,

wanted to slow us down but that cancer was one of the - - one of the things they were trying to rule out at that time.

JOHNSON: I was very scared when I heard that word. Shocked. Yes, I did not know what to do.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It was probably one of the longest five hours of your life. Because you`re almost like - - you`re thinking the worst case

scenario. I try not to - - get emotional.

JOHNSON: I`ve never seen my dad like really scared, but you could tell he was like - - extremely scared. They were worried. They told me that it

was benign. So that was like the biggest relief.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And then they tell you, hey it`s good news. We can do surgery on this. It`s not cancer and all of a sudden it`s like, surgery,

hey it`s a great thing.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: She had the surgery on Tuesday, came home on Friday. I mean, less than a week after having the tumor and her chest cracked, she`s

at our practice to support her teammates. That`s the kind of kid she is.

JOHNSON: I always wanted to be up and doing stuff. So, I mean, I can walk, right? Why not take a ball with me, so I was just walk around the

neighborhood with the ball.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: My neighbor came up to me and said hey, you know I saw Haley out jogging around the block dribbling. And right away, I mean, this

is like, just like, two weeks after the surgery and I know she was driven and right away, I`m like, wait, what?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Literally six weeks after the surgery, she was out on the field for us and playing.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I can remember that first game back and she actually scored the first goal for her team. She was asked to speak at her

elementary school. She took a very difficult situation and tried to give back and help others.

JOHNSON: I`ve learned that you can`t control what happens to you but you can control how you react to it.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: She did something that - - she`s just amazing. And I`m just incredibly proud of her and I can`t wait to see everything else she`s

going to do with that driven behavior and attitude.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

CARL AZUZ: I learned so much working on this show. For instance in Utah, this is how the Division of Wildlife Resources stocks high mountain lakes

with fish. They put them on a plane, fly low over the lakes and drop them in. More than 200 lakes are stocked this way each year. Officials say at

least 95 percent of the fish survive the drop because they`re so small that they fall to the lakes like leaves. They also say this is better than the

old fashioned way of putting fish in metal milk cans and using cars and horses to get to the lakes.

I bet the first time this was proposed it was like "bait" for skeptics. You can hear someone "casting" the idea and another giving "biting"

criticism like yeah, right when fish "fly". But considering the "scales" of the operation now that it`s in the "swim" of things, what`s not to

"lake". And make sure they`re fully stocked and it "stocks" up another edition of CNN 10. I`m Carl Azuz.

END