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Congress Views Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Photos
Aired May 12, 2004 - 16:30 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANNOUNCER: CROSSFIRE. On the left, James Carville and Paul Begala; on the right, Robert Novak and Tucker Carlson.
In the CROSSFIRE: Iraq's graphic images. Members of Congress are getting their own look at pictures taken of Iraqi prisoners.
SEN. JOHN WARNER (R), VIRGINIA: In my view, and it's solely my view, these pictures at this time by the executive branch should not be released into the public domain.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think what's important now is that, as we're doing on Capitol Hill today, is that we follow that edict of Abraham Lincoln, who said give the people the facts and the Republic will be safe.
ANNOUNCER: Should more material be released to the public or would that hurt the effort to prosecute those to blame? And what impact will pictures of beheading victim Nicholas Berg have on the war?
Today on CROSSFIRE.
(CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)
ANNOUNCER: Live from the George Washington University, Paul Begala and Tucker Carlson.
PAUL BEGALA, CO-HOST: Hello, everybody. Welcome to CROSSFIRE.
Disgusting, that's what the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee has to say about some new photographs and videos from the Iraq prisoner abuse scandal. Those images were made available to lawmakers just a short time ago.
TUCKER CARLSON, CO-HOST: The ongoing scandal is our focus today, but first, the best little briefing in television, our CROSSFIRE "Political Alert."
Well, Iraq is in flames. The prisoner abuse scandal grows. An American citizen has been beheaded. In a matter of weeks, the Iraqi people will take some control of their government for the first time in 30 years. Not in decades has foreign policy been more essential to a presidential race or more important to the future of America.
And so naturally, John Kerry has spent the last week reciting talking points about health care, hardly a word about Iraq. Why is that? Well, because Kerry's prescription for Iraq is almost precisely the same as George W. Bush's, stay the course, add more troops as necessary, and enlist the international community. Yet, in Kerry's case, these positions make very little sense, since he was opposed to the war from the very beginning.
Or was he? Kerry did vote for it, but then he opposed it. Now he wants to prolong it. What does John Kerry think about Iraq? Who knows. Who cares. If you're against this war, vote for Ralph Nader. He means what he says and he believes it.
BEGALA: Oh, please. That's silly.
CARLSON: That's right. That's true.
BEGALA: First off, you didn't hear Kerry on "Imus in the Morning" this morning, where he did talk about Iraq. He's actually got a sensible plan. It is quite different from the president's.
BEGALA: First off, he does want to internationalize the conflict.
CARLSON: Well, so does -- that's what Bush has been doing for
BEGALA: No, he doesn't. He's got no plan to do that.
BEGALA: Second, our president today was yapping about the No Child Left Behind Act, a law he signed three years ago. How in the world is that relevant to anything in the world?
BEGALA: Kerry has a thoughtful plan on health care.
CARLSON: It is no different than Bush's on Iraq.
BEGALA: It would increase health care -- cut health care costs, which are increasing at five times the rate that your paycheck is going up.
CARLSON: So you're talking about health care, too.
BEGALA: It's an important issue for people that don't have health care.
CARLSON: It is, but it is not the issue. The issue today is Iraq.
CARLSON: And John Kerry need to explain his vision.
BEGALA: Kerry has had a lot more thoughtful things to say about it than Bush, who says, well, we're good and they're evil.
CARLSON: They're not different.
BEGALA: Hell, I knew that. I know that.
BEGALA: I don't have an intelligence briefing, but I know we're good.
Well, senior citizens, speaking of health care, are finding the new Bush prescription drug system impossibly complex. Today's "New York Times" reports that Ms. Beverly Lowey (ph) of New York, for example, pays $3,000 a year for prescription drugs. But in order to figure out Mr. Bush's new system, she said -- quote -- "You really have to be a rocket scientist. It takes time, energy, and you don't even save money" -- unquote.
Now, Ms. Lowey may not understand the finances of Mr. Bush's Medicare plan, but Alan Lotvin does. Alan Lotvin is the co-chairman of Medco, one of the companies which won a Bush contract to profit from the drug cards. The Associated Press reports that just weeks after winning that contract, Mr. Lotvin helpfully hosted a $100,000 fund-raiser for the Bush-Cheney campaign headlined by none other than Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson.
So Dr. Bush's prescription for special interests, write two big checks and call me in the morning.
(CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)
CARLSON: You know, that's such a distraction from the truth about prescription drug benefit, which is, it's one of the entitlements that will end up bankrupting this country. And neither party talks about it. Both try and pretend that that's not going to happen, but it's actually true. So you're say this is some sort of conspiracy with the special interests, That's a crock, actually.
BEGALA: President Bush's plan has no means to control the costs. That's the problem, is, the costs are going up. (BELL RINGING)
BEGALA: Bush has no plan to control costs. Kerry does.
CARLSON: There is no way to control the costs of prescription drugs, which are a 10-year investment for each drug. Come on.
BEGALA: Bargaining power. The government buys all these drugs. They ought to be able to ratchet down the price, just the way that Wal-Mart does on screwdrivers.
CARLSON: A little difference between screwdrivers and life- saving drugs, but, nevertheless.
BEGALA: No, the same economic principles.
CARLSON: Well, during this winter's Democratic primaries, John Kerry frequently referred to companies that took move jobs overseas as -- quote -- "Benedict Arnold corporations," traitors to their countries, un-American, unpatriotic, basically criminal.
Well, the line never failed to draw wild applause from partisan Democrats, the kind of voters who would like to put a lot more rich people in jail. They loved it. Swing voters, on the other hand, tend to be turned off by the angry rhetoric of class warfare, especially when it's delivered by a man who after all went to a Swiss boarding school.
So Kerry has stopped using that line. Indeed, as he told "The Wall Street Journal" recently, he never really used it in the first place. The line was dropped into his speeches, Kerry explained, by -- quote -- "overzealous speechwriters." In other words, when in trouble, blame the staff, just as Kerry blamed his wife recently for owning the family SUV. There's only one problem with that explanation, of course. If the line was in the speech by accident, why did John Kerry continue to read it day after day?
CARLSON: It's a fair question, isn't it, Paul?
BEGALA: If you want to edit Senator Kerry's speeches, that's fine.
CARLSON: I'm not editing. It's an interesting question.
BEGALA: He's talking about a policy difference that is important. President Bush supports tax subsidies for corporations that shift jobs overseas. John Kerry wants tax benefits for companies that create jobs and punishments for companies that ship overseas. It's a legitimate debate.
CARLSON: It is a legitimate debate. I agree with that. But he's calling people who disagree with him in that legitimate debate unpatriotic.
BEGALA: Well, you're attacking him because he stopped saying it.
BEGALA: You're attacking him for stopping.
CARLSON: I'm attacking him for blaming his speechwriters for something that he says.
BEGALA: Kerry listens to Carlson. That's what he's going to be attacked for doing. Come on.
BEGALA: Well, United Press International reports that President Bush intends to revise his ill-fated campaign pledge to send a man to Mars if he wins a second term. It is the only substantive new plan that Mr. Bush has for the next four years.
BEGALA: Otherwise, he seems to be content with staying the course of his first term, a jobless economy and an endless occupation.
BEGALA: It's an ambitious plan, to be sure, but I figure Mr. Bush has decided, what the heck, he's already ruined one planet. Why not try another?
BEGALA: Of course, Mr. Bush has not said how much the trip would cost, would pay for it, whether Halliburton would have to bid for this contract...
BEGALA: ... and what in the world we're going to do when we get there or how we're going to get our brave people home.
Tucker, sounds to me like a perfect job for Donald Rumsfeld.
CARLSON: You know, I must say Paul, I am glad, I am honestly glad to see that you got Halliburton in there because, A, it relieves me from the burden of having to defend the ludicrous plan to go to Mars.
BEGALA: It is a silly plan.
CARLSON: Yes, it is.
But, B, it just shows up that at its heart all Democratic ideas have Halliburton at their root. It's a demented conspiracy theory.
BEGALA: Bush has no ideas. I mean, going to Mars?
CARLSON: Actually, I don't think Bush has that many ideas. He has a lot more than the Democratic Party, which is obsessed with Halliburton, actually.
BEGALA: He has Mars and the steroid summit, which Arnold Schwarzenegger I guess would chair. What other ideas does he have?
CARLSON: A steroid summit?
BEGALA: He wants a steroid summit.
CARLSON: Actually, changing the Middle East. You mock that idea, but it's a serious idea.
BEGALA: He's changing it, all right.
BEGALA: He's got it in flames.
BEGALA: That's like how an arsonist changes your house. Yes, he does, but he got it in flames.
CARLSON: Actually, it's really important.
CARLSON: It's important.
CARLSON: And whoever the president is next time is going to have to deal with it.
BEGALA: I agree with that.
CARLSON: Well, the graphic images coming out of Iraq are becoming a factor in the debate over the war. Just ahead, we're joined by two members of Congress who have just seen those new images of abuse in Iraq. Should you be allowed to see those pictures and videos?
We'll ask that question. CROSSFIRE will be right back.
BEGALA: Welcome back to CROSSFIRE.
On Capitol Hill today, private viewings of more photographs and videos from the Iraqi prisoner abuse scandal. Members of Congress were allowed to see the new images firsthand for the first time today. And one lawmakers says they're a lot worse than those that you have already seen that have been made public. And as the scandal continues here in Washington, an American family in Pennsylvania grieves over the beheading of their loved one in Iraq, Nicholas Berg.
In the CROSSFIRE today, from Capitol Hill, Democratic Congressman Gary Ackerman of New York and Republican Congressman Peter King. He's also from New York. Why are all the smart congressmen from New York?
CARLSON: Congressmen, thanks, both of you. Thanks a lot for joining us.
REP. GARY ACKERMAN, (D), NEW YORK: You're half right.
CARLSON: And you both have just seen these photographs. Do you want to tell us quickly about them, Congressman Ackerman, then Congressman King?
ACKERMAN: They're absolutely disgusting and disgraceful and most of us didn't stay to watch the whole thing. It just kept getting worse and worse, and I had seen enough. And I think Peter did, too.
REP. PETER KING (R), NEW YORK: Yes, the photos are disgraceful.
I, quite honestly, didn't see anything significantly different from what we've seen before. They're variations really on the same theme. There was one or two which showed some violence. I really couldn't even quite figure them out as to exactly whether it was a self-inflicted violence or the person was being told to do it.
But, other than that, it was pretty much what we've seen before. I didn't see anything -- maybe Gary would disagree -- I didn't see anything significantly different. But it really became almost numbing after a while, just picture after picture of the same type of depravity.
ACKERMAN: Some of it was -- some of it was video and people were I believe forced to smash their heads against doors until their heads broke open. There were people who were forced to have sex with each other. We didn't see the videos of the soldiers having consensual sex with each other. We left before that.
CARLSON: Now, Congressman Ackerman, I'm usually for full disclosure of everything. But even listening to your descriptions of these pictures is making me upset. I'm not even in al Qaeda.
I don't think there's any question that releasing these pictures worldwide would increase violence against Americans. Given that, do you think it's a good idea to release them?
ACKERMAN: I think it's a good idea to release them, because, if you don't release them, the backlash of that is going to be even worse.
If we have a system of transparency, and the administration should know this from a tactical point of view -- they should have gotten this out as early as they could and got it over with and get on top of the situation. Now it looks like they're trying to cover it up and they're trying to hide the pictures.
CARLSON: Well, wait, wait, wait a second. Congressman Ackerman, you seem to agree that releasing them would increase the chances that Americans abroad would be killed. Can you again explain maybe more slowly this time why we should release them if Americans will die when they're released?
ACKERMAN: Releasing them is not going to make Americans die.
People know the pictures are out. It's the image of America and whether or not we have a transparent system or whether we're engaged in a cover-up. And I think that's what we're dealing with now and what we have to deal with. We have to show that we are a transparent society. I would think a lot of the media would touch up or cover up arts of the picture. And that would be more than appropriate, I believe.
But it should be out there for the public to see to know that we are not covering anything up.
BEGALA: Now, Congressman King, in fact, the president's only talking point on this, besides, of course saying what we all say, that this is outrageous, is that at least it's being dealt with openly because we're a democracy, unlike a dictatorship.
Doesn't that kind of make it impossible for him to cover these pictures up if he's bragging about how openly we're handling this problem?
KING: You know, we are handling it openly.
But I do have concerns about releasing them now. And Gary makes a good point in that they may come out anyway. And that could be worse. But the concern I have about releasing them now is, first of all, there's nothing dramatically new in there. So it's not really probative as far as evidence is concerned. As far as inflaming, the fact that we have I don't know how many civilian contractors are being held hostage.
There is also the question what it would do as far as the fair trial, as far as appeals. So right now I am reluctant to release them. I understand Gary's argument. I'm not saying he's wrong. I just disagree with it at this time. If I could guaranteed that these photos would never come out, then I would be emphatic that they should not be out. But, right now, I'm saying I would still hold them for a while, because I didn't see anything there that was different than what I'd seen before.
If I had seen these two weeks ago, I would have been shocked. Today, I was pretty much jaded and numb, unfortunately.
BEGALA: Well, help me out here on the process. Who makes the decision on whether to release them? How do they make that decision and when will they will?
KING: I would say right now, it's up to the Pentagon. Obviously, Congress could I assume subpoena them. Then you get into a whole litigation as far as the court-martials that are coming up.
But, right now, I'm assuming the Pentagon has total control over them. Congress can assert its power, see what happens. The attorneys for the defendants can I assume attempt to subpoena them. And they could also attempt to block them. So, again, I don't have all the answers. Right now, I do know that the Pentagon has physical control of them.
ACKERMAN: The Pentagon has possession of them, but the president of the United States is the commander in chief. And he could do anything that he wants to do in this regard.
The truth of the matter is, this is -- this is the axis of incompetence, Bush, Cheney and Rumsfeld. They have mismanaged and mishandled the entire episode from the very beginning, as they have the war.
(APPLAUSE) CARLSON: Now, Congressman, Congressman, as upsetting as these photographs are, I'm sure you agree it's possible to go over the top in describing them and their significance.
And as a prime example, I want to read you something that Senator Ted Kennedy, a close adviser to the Kerry campaign, senator from Massachusetts, of course, said about them -- quote -- "Shamefully, we now learn that Saddam's torture chambers reopened under new management, U.S. management."
Now, leaving aside the almost comic irony of getting a moral lecture from Ted Kennedy, don't you think it's a bit much to compare the U.S. government to Saddam's regime, which, after all, killed hundreds of thousands of people?
ACKERMAN: There is no comparison between the regimes.
But if we're going to say that this is OK because Saddam was worse, these people didn't want to trade Saddam in for Saddam-light. And if that's going to be our attitude, then shame on us. We have to show that we are better.
CARLSON: Have you heard of anybody express that attitude?
ACKERMAN: And we have to show that we are transparent and let the chips fall where they may. To have this covered up and to hang it on a bunch of poorly trained -- and that's the responsibility of the commander in chief and of the secretary of defense. If they are poorly trained, this should go all the way to the top and the chips should fall where they might.
CARLSON: But, Congressman, nobody, as far as I know, is even alleging a cover-up at this point.
But I want to get back to Senator Kennedy's quote. He is using this to attack the United States and to compare the U.S. government to the regime of Saddam Hussein. It's a big deal to make a charge like that. Don't you agree?
ACKERMAN: No, I don't think that's what Senator Kennedy was trying to get across.
What he was trying to get across is that we went in there for one reason. Now it seems that there's a different reason and the reason is to liberate the Iraqi people so they can live in peace and freedom and dignity. This is not what we signed up for and certainly not what they were led to believe if they believed it in the first place. Now they believe nothing.
Whatever residual of goodwill we had left, the well has now been poisoned.
BEGALA: Congressman King, let me get to accountability up and down the chain of command. The Red Cross reports that a year ago it briefed the Bush administration about abuse in the prisons. Secretary Rumsfeld when he testified said that he briefed the president about it, maybe January, maybe February -- it's a little hazy -- but many, many months ago. What did the president know? When did he know it? What did he do about it? And how are we going to find out the answers to those questions?
KING: Well, that's the purpose to have the investigations. I have to disagree with Gary.
BEGALA: Whose investigation, Congressman? Donald Rumsfeld is going to investigate Donald Rumsfeld and George Bush? Whose investigation is going to get to the bottom of this?
KING: Well, let me try to answer that. First of all, we have the military investigations going on, which have been incredibly thorough. I don't know of any army in the world
BEGALA: Run by Donald Rumsfeld.
KING: But no one -- again, the Democrats and Republicans on the Armed Services Committee yesterday both said that this was a very intense, very thorough investigation.
Obviously, it's now before Congress. Congress will investigate it and it will work its way up the chain of command. Everything that's being done by the military will be subject to review by the Armed Services Committee. I think it's important to note here that there is no cover-up. There's not even a hints of a cover-up. Two days after
BEGALA: But they knew about this for a year.
KING: No, no one knew this was going on for a year.
As Colin Powell said yesterday, the Red Cross is always making suggestions. The Army and the State Department were working with the Red Cross on that throughout the fall. No one was talking about these type of specific allegations. Once they were known, they were fully investigated. And any army in the world, any police department in the world, you go to any local municipality in this country, it's constantly being sued for police abuse, for police brutality, what goes on in jail.
The way you test it is not whether seven or eight or 10 or 15 people did it, but what did the other 150,000 or 200,000 do and what did the military do when they were confronted with it. If it turns out there was any cover-up, I'll be the first to criticize it. So far we haven't seen that. And getting back to what... (CROSSTALK)
BEGALA: We're going to come back to this in just a minute. I'm sorry, but we're going to have to take a break.
Next, in "Rapid Fire," we will ask our guests if they agree with John Kerry's choice on who should be the next secretary of defense.
And right after the break, how has our defense secretary been changed by the recent events in Iraq? Wolf Blitzer will report.
Stay with us.
WOLF BLITZER, CNN ANCHOR: I'm Wolf Blitzer in Washington.
Coming up at the top of the hour, President Bush says there can be no justification for the beheading of Nicholas Berg, as U.S. officials in Iraq promise a thorough and robust hunt for the killers.
Fallout from the Iraq prisoner abuse scandal. Observers say Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld clearly is shaken, but will he stay on the job?
And we'll discuss Iraq, the presidential election and other issues with one of America's most prominent journalists, Jim Lehrer of "The NewsHour."
Those stories, much more, only minutes away on "WOLF BLITZER REPORTS."
Now back to CROSSFIRE.
CARLSON: Well, it is time for "Rapid Fire," where both questions and answers are crisp.
We're talking about the new photographs and videos from the prisoner abuse scandal shown privately to members of Congress today. In the CROSSFIRE, two of those members, Democratic Congressman Gary Ackerman of New York and Republican Congressman Pete King, also of New York.
BEGALA: Congressman King, my man, Don Imus, this morning interview John Kerry, asked him, OK, who would you pick for defense secretary? The first name he picked, John Kerry did, was your preferred presidential candidate, John McCain. Do you think John McCain should be defense secretary under a Kerry administration?
KING: Well, John Kerry's not going to get elected, so the question is moot. I think Don Rumsfeld should stay in. But, obviously, John McCain would be a great Cabinet official in anybody's administration.
CARLSON: Mr. Ackerman, today...
ACKERMAN: It's just like the Republicans declaring the election is over before the votes are even held.
CARLSON: Congressman Ackerman, today, John Kerry's campaign manager, Mary Beth Cahill, described the situation in Iraq as -- quote -- "George Bush's war." Do you see this as George Bush's war or a war fought by all of America, by nonpartisan soldiers, a war that we all have an investment in? What do you think is right?
ACKERMAN: Well, you know, he's a wartime president. He's a wartime president. We've heard that from him any number of times. He wants to be a wartime president. He's certainly mucked up this war in the end and we're not even at the finish line yet. It's going to be regarded as his war and his Waterloo.
BEGALA: Congressman King, do you agree with the intellectual godfather, really, of the conservative movement and the Republican Party? And that is, of course, Rush Limbaugh, who compared the treatment of these prisoners to a fraternity initiation and in fact a Skull and Bones initiation, which is some sort of secret society at Yale.
Do you agree with that or do you condemn those remarks?
KING: I wouldn't use those remarks at all.
Listen, to put it in the context, this type of harassment, torture, whatever you want to call it, is nothing compared to what other countries do.
KING: But, as Gary said, America is above that, so it's terrible for us to do it.
CARLSON: All right. Thank you very much, both of you, Congressman Ackerman of New York, Congressman King of New York, also a best-selling novelist. "Vale of Tears," his new novel, available in bookstores near you.
Thanks for joining us. We appreciate it.
KING: Happy birthday.
CARLSON: Well, when we come back, we'll hear from one viewer who agrees with President Bush that Donald Rumsfeld deserves gratitude, but that he might not like what type of gratitude. We'll explain. (COMMERCIAL BREAK)
BEGALA: Welcome back to CROSSFIRE.
Time now for "Fireback," where we let you the viewers fire back at us. We've got an awful lot of feedback, as you can imagine, on the prisoner abuse scandal.
"George Bush stated that Americans owe a debt of gratitude to Donald Rumsfeld. I disagree. All Americans owe Donald Rumsfeld is a pension and the sooner that we begin to start payment on this debt, the better off all Americans will be" -- James Gallagher of South Kingstown, Rhode Island.
CARLSON: All right, next up, Jesse Caro of Vacaville, California, writes: "It is idiotic, irresponsible and inflammatory to suggest that the beheading of this American would have been prevented if it weren't for the prison scandal. Killers in this nature behave in this way because it is their character to do so" -- or certainly their belief to do so.
BEGALA: I agree with every word of that. I haven't heard anybody equate them. But it is unfortunate that we gave al Qaeda, which is a bunch of murderous animals, a P.R. opportunity with this prisoner scandal.
CARLSON: I agree. All right, the next one's for me, I think.
"Tucker, I think you are wearing out Paul Begala."
CARLSON: "Is it just me or is he looking a little older?" -- signed Zoe in Washington, D.C.
CARLSON: You know, Paul, you do look older. You look about a year older. Could it be, Paul, that time marches on and it's your birthday?
BEGALA: It is my birthday. Thank you.
CARLSON: Happy birthday, Paul.
(CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)
BEGALA: I'm like a used car. It's not the years. It's the mileage. I started this job, I had a full head of hair.
Well, if you want to be a part of my job and Tucker's, you can play the ultimate "Fireback." Log on to your computer tomorrow for the debut of a new feature, CROSSFIRE interactive Thursdays. Give us your feedback while you watch the show. You can become eligible to win semi-valuable prizes, including an all-expense-paid trip -- that includes beer and wine -- to see CROSSFIRE here in Washington. You'll need a lot of both. Just go to CNN.com/ITV.
From the left, I am Paul Begala. That's it for CROSSFIRE.
CARLSON: And from the right, I'm Tucker Carlson.
Join us again tomorrow for yet more CROSSFIRE. Have a great night.
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