NEWSROOM for June 27, 2001
Aired June 27, 2001 - 04:30 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.
SHELLEY WALCOTT, CO-HOST: And welcome to your Wednesday NEWSROOM. I'm Shelley Walcott.
TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: And I'm Tom Haynes.
First up, a closer look at a major health issue. Here's the lineup.
First up "In the News" today, young people in the U.S. call for more research into juvenile diabetes.
WALCOTT: More on diabetes in today's "Biz Desk." Also, they can run but they can't hide, why some professional athletes are now facing the jock tax.
HAYNES: Next, in "Worldview," how Iraq's sewage problem has seeped into international consciousness.
WALCOTT: And in "Chronicle," why the best high school ballplayers are jumping straight to the pros.
HAYNES: Well, about 200 children with diabetes and their families have descended on Capitol Hill. They, along with several celebrities, including Mary Tyler Moore, are calling on Congress to increase funding to fight the disease. Several actors, government officials and children will be testifying before Congress during the three-day hearing.
In Type 1 diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes because it is often diagnosed in children, the body does not produce the insulin it needs to convert sugar into fuel. Insulin normally is produced in the pancreas but in people with Type 1 diabetes, those cells have been destroyed by misguided immune cells.
Rea Blakey reports on one girl's daily battle with Type 1 diabetes.
REA BLAKEY, CNN MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Caithlin Madigan is a fighter. She has to be. CAITHLIN MADIGAN, JUVENILE DIABETES PATIENT: When I first wake up, when it happens, I can't talk. I can only cry, and I can't really move very well, and I can't speak regularly, and I don't remember things.
BLAKEY: A terrifying start to the day. But 12-year-old Caithlin has learned to live with it. The stroke-like symptoms occur when her blood sugar is excessively low. Managing Caithlin's type I diabetes requires a daily, sometimes hourly, effort from the whole family, starting with dad.
MADIGAN: He wakes me up and does my first blood test and shot.
BLAKEY: Blood sugar levels must be checked constantly.
MADIGAN: I usually do a blood test at 10:00-ish, like before lunch.
BLAKEY: Caithlin was first diagnosed at age 5.
MADIGAN: And then, before my afternoon snack, which is around 3:00, 4:00.
BLAKEY: She suddenly lost 25 percent of her body weight.
MADIGAN: I do one before dinner, and then I do one before I go to bed.
BLAKEY: She's been taking insulin injections ever since.
MADIGAN: No kid should have to go through, like, having to, like, poke themselves, like, six or seven times a day and having to do, like, an abundant amount of shots.
BLAKEY: But it's a necessary way of life for the one million Americans living with type I diabetes, 35 additional children diagnosed every day.
DR. ROBERT GOLDSTEIN, JUVENILE DIABETES RESEARCH FOUNDATION: Indications are that the onset is coming at a much lower age. We're seeing many more children, 5, 6 and 7, and even some 1- and 2-year- olds.
BLAKEY: The diagnosis means lifelong insulin injections.
KAREN DAVIS, CAITHLIN'S MOTHER: Normally, when she does shots in the morning and before dinner, she takes what the doctor calls a cocktail of three different kinds of insulin.
BLAKEY: Which must be balanced with how much food is eaten. Food raises blood sugars. Exercise reduces blood sugar. If blood sugar is too low or too high, patients could have a potentially life- threatening reaction.
Even with insulin shots, type I diabetes shortens the lifespan by an average of 15 years. The disease comes on suddenly, leaving patients faced with the constant threat of serious complications.
MADIGAN: I worry about having kidney failure, or getting cancer early, or having, like, nerve damage and becoming blind.
BLAKEY: Last year, Congress appropriated $240 million for diabetes research. Caithlin and many others hope the money will keep coming, and bring with it a cure.
Rea Blakey, CNN, Washington.
HAYNES: Well, undetected diabetes can lead to an extremely dangerous sugar buildup in the blood. More serious complications include kidney failure and even blindness.
So how do you know if you have diabetes? Well, symptoms to watch for include excessive thirst and appetite, increased urination, sometimes as often as every hour, unusual weight loss or gain, fatigue, nausea, perhaps vomiting, blurred vision, dry mouth, slow healing sores or cuts and itching skin.
Rea Blakey has more now on how sleep deprivation can cause diabetes as well.
BLAKEY (voice-over): This college student is sleep deprived. She sleep walks and according to her roommates, she also eats during her sleep.
PHYLLIS CONSTANT, GEORGETOWN SLEEP DISORDERS: She gets up and doesn't realize she's doing it. She goes in, gets food out of the refrigerator, and she eats it.
BLAKEY: Sleep eating is unusual, but in our increasingly non- stop society, sleep deprivation isn't.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I'm always busy, being as I have two jobs.
BLAKEY: Research from the University of Chicago indicates chronic short sleepers may be at greater risk of developing diabetes. Sixteen million Americans have diabetes. Another 20 to 30 million have impaired glucose tolerance, a condition that could result in diabetes. It's a condition caused by poor insulin sensitivity -- sensitivity that could be eroded by lack of sleep.
DR. RICHARD WALDHORN, SLEEP EXPERT: Disruptions in sleep can have profound effects on a number of endocrine problems and insulin resistance could be a prediabetic situation that could affect many, many people who are sleep deprived in our society.
BLAKEY: Sleep researchers studied 27 healthy non-obese adults ages 23 to 42. Fourteen were normal sleepers, averaging just under eight hours of sleep during the eight-night study. Thirteen were chronic short sleepers, getting less than five and a half-hours of sleep.
On the final day of the study, both groups underwent an intravenous glucose tolerance test. The results: insulin sensitivity was almost 40 percent lower among short sleepers.
(on camera): Researchers at the University of Chicago have already linked failing insulin sensitivity with something called metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome represents a whole host of health problems including diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.
WALDHORN: We know that certain patients with sleep disorders are obese and they have a difficult time losing weight, another sign of abnormalities in insulin, metabolism.
BLAKEY (voice-over): Sleep experts predict our prevalent, more work, less sleep mentality will continue to help fuel the diabetes epidemic.
Rea Blakey, CNN, Washington.
WALCOTT: In today's "Business Desk," we'll tell you about the states in this nation that don't tax.
First, though, let's talk a little more about diabetes and the financial aspects. Research and development on the disease is becoming a bright spot in the pharmaceutical industry, which is bringing relief not only to millions of diabetics but to drug company's bottom line.
Tim O'Brien reports from Washington.
TIM O'BRIEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): From 1950 through 1995, diabetes research languished. For almost 50 years, no new diabetes drugs were introduced. But beginning about six years ago, the picture began changing dramatically.
DR. JOHN BUSE, AMERICAN DIABETES NETWORK: There are new kinds of insulins. There's new delivery systems. There's new meters that work much better. It's remarkable. It's a night-and-day difference, the therapy of diabetes today versus just six years ago.
O'BRIEN: For example, researchers have developed an experimental oral spray they say can successfully deliver insulin into the bloodstream, promising news for the 150 million patients around the world who may be spared painful daily injections.
According to IMS Health, diabetes drugs alone have become a huge $8 billion-a-year retail industry, growing by 19 percent last year. Eli Lilly's diabetes business has also sustained double-digit growth for several years. The company says the victims of diabetes have been the greatest beneficiaries. VINCE MIHALIK, ELI LILLY: With today's technology, you don't -- you can plan your meals around your lifestyle rather than planning your lifestyle around your meal.
O'BRIEN: GlaxoSmithKline's drug, Avandia, helps the body process naturally produced insulin. Sales last year doubled to over $700 million, alleviating the disease and its debilitating side effects.
DR. MARTIN FREED, GLAXOSMITHKLINE: You're talking about cardiovascular disease. You're talking about infectious limbs. So it's an enormous, enormous marketplace with enormous potential for R&D.
O'BRIEN: And the markets are only getting larger. Diabetes is on the increase in the U.S. and abroad for a variety of reasons, including lifestyles and diet.
(on camera): New technology makes diabetes much easier to diagnose. Even so, of the estimated 16 million people in the U.S. who have it, roughly a third are unaware of their disease.
Tim O'Brien, CNN Financial News, Washington.
WALCOTT: Ben Franklin once said, "In this world nothing is certain but death and taxes." He may have been right, but he probably never envisioned all the ways Americans could be taxed. There's the federal income tax, excise taxes, Social Security tax and all kinds of sales taxes, just to name a few. And most states levy income taxes.
Only seven U.S. states don't tax incomes. Those are Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington and Wyoming. So if you're a professional athlete who plays for a team in Florida or Texas, you don't have to pay state income tax, right? Wrong. Many states impose their income taxes on visiting athletes, entertainers and anyone else who works there.
Peter Viles reports.
PETER VILES, CNN FINANCIAL NEWS CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): No one's asking you to feel sorry for Alex Rodriguez. He makes $25 million a year and works mainly in Texas, where there's no state income tax. But you might feel sorry for his accountant, because the local tax man is waiting for A-Rod at ballparks across America, hitting him with state taxes when he plays in Anaheim, Oakland, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Kansas City, Minnesota, and New York.
Scott Boras is A-Rod's agent.
SCOTT BORAS, AGENT: The vogue of states taxing professional athletes has been something that's really reared its head. And for the average player, you may be talking about anywhere from 16 to 18 returns with inter-league play.
BRITTANY SPEARS, ENTERTAINER (singing): Hit me baby one more time.
VILES: Don't worry, the tax man will. Entertainers also get hit on the road. Tax collectors insist no one's being singled out.
HARLEY DUNCAN, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, FEDERATION OF TAX ADMINISTRATORS: The general rule in income taxation is that income is taxed where it's earned, or where the service is performed, so that I don't have an opportunity, or there is no incentive to, say, live in a non-income tax state and work in an income-tax state.
VILES: In all, 21 states impose their income tax on visiting athletes, often earmarking the money to pay for new stadiums.
RICK HORROW, HORROW SPORTS VENTURES: The real key to this is there have been 260 sports, arts, entertainment facilities developed in the last 10 years, at a cost of over $20 billion. So to the extent you can find some way where the users or beneficiaries of facilities can pay at least a part of those public-private partnerships, you've hit a home run.
VILES (on camera): So when teams come to Yankee Stadium, they get hit twice. First, they have to play the world champions, then they have to pay some of the highest local taxes in America.
Peter Viles, CNN Financial News, New York.
ANNOUNCER: Teachers, make the most of CNN NEWSROOM with our free daily classroom guide to the program. There you'll find a rundown of each day's show so you choose just the program segment that fits your lesson plan. Plus, there are discussion questions and activities and the guide highlights key people, places and news terms. Each day find hot links to other online resources and previews of upcoming "Desk" segments.
It's all at this Web address where you can also sign up to have the guide automatically e-mailed directly to you each day. It's easy. It's free. It's your curriculum connection to the news. After all, the news never stops and neither does learning.
WALCOTT: "Worldview" takes us all over the globe for a look at lifestyles. The picture is not pretty in Iraq where we examine a sewage problem. We turn from slime to rhyme as we head to Great Britain. You'll discover an unusual new version of the Bible. And on to the United States to visit a quaint and quiet little island where the treasure is leisure.
HAYNES: They don't call Maine "Vacationland" for nothing. Every year, people flock to the U.S. state to bask in its unique beauty. Maine attracts visitors and residents alike for a lot of reasons: those tasty Maine lobster, the rugged rocky coastline, the beautiful mountains and forests which cover about 90 percent of the state and the simple up-front style of the native Mainer. Who could resist? Not us. Today, we want to take you on a little field trip to a remote island off the coast of Maine called Monhegan.
Gail O'Neill is our guide.
GAIL O'NEILL, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Ten miles off the rugged coast of Maine lies Monhegan Island. Only a square mile in area, Monhegan has attracted tourists, artists, nature lovers and writers for generations.
AMANDA MCKEEN, TOURIST: To me, it's like a different world. You just come here and it's, I don't know, it's just really healing and cleansing. It's just wonderful. It's like you get away from everything and just put your feet in the water and you can paint and it's just a really healing place and fun.
O'NEILL: Seventeen miles if hiking trails wind around the island, providing magnificent vistas. The isolation, serenity and beauty of Monhegan attract people from all walks of life.
A. MCKEEN: It's an incredibly beautiful place that is different than anywhere else I've been. I love how you can't bring your own car and the way of life is a lot slower. It's really peaceful. You kind of just take yourself away from the rush of all the other world and relax. That's why I love it here. And the ocean. I love the ocean.
O'NEILL: To get there, you must travel by boat. Ferries shuttle day trippers and hotel guests back and forth from the mainland. It takes about an hour to get to the island, where less than 100 residents live year round. Monhegan has no paved roads or cars. There are a few hotels and restaurants where tourists can relax and eat.
On the one main graveled road, you can find stores that sell souvenirs and groceries. The beautiful quaint harbored village is much like it was when the first European settlers set foot on Monhegan. Full time residents still make their living fishing the waters around the island, primarily for lobster. And as you walk through the village, signs of a fishing life dot this scenic harbor -- buoys, nets and lobster traps lining the unpaved roads.
Monhegan residents are fiercely protective of their island and have worked hard to maintain its character. One frequent visitor to Monhegan who made sure the island would not drastically change was Thomas Edison's son Theodore. He loved it so much he purchased most of it and set it aside for future preservation.
SHERMAN STANLEY, MONHEGAN ISLAND RESIDENT: He strongly felt that he didn't want to do anything that was going to upset the island residents. He looked at places like Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket and places like that that had become so over developed, so to speak, and which required many, many needs. Way back then we had problems with water, for instance, fire and also police, and things like that.
You know, when the population increases, you need more of these things and he was thinking of just preserving a section of the island so that people could come here and enjoy it.
O'NEILL: Artists from around the world have painted Monhegan, capturing the sheer cliffs overlooking the turbulent ocean waters, the tranquil wooded trailheads meandering through the island interior and the lives of island residents.
ELENA JAHN, ARTIST: Because of its isolation, because of its far out quality, because of the sea around it and the nature of its intimacy, because it's small, and yet it's huge. So you have this wonderful opportunity to kind of, to get to know it on this grand scale and yet it's so accessible. Everything is right there.
And I'm constantly struck by the way the light hits things, the way edges are defined, the top of Manana against the sky. I mean that is just like heartbreaking it's so beautiful.
DAN MCKEEN, TOURIST: Monhegan means peacefulness. You can breathe easier. You're just naturally more relaxed. So you come here and you're escaping whatever your busy lifestyle is because there's no vehicles and there's no phone, there's no power. So it just gives you an opportunity to quiet down, do some hiking, listen to the ocean, you know, hang out with the family. Beautiful sunrises, beautiful sunsets. I highly recommend it.
Gail O'Neill, Monhegan Island, Maine.
WALCOTT: Great Britain is located off the northwest coast of Europe. It's one of the world's leading industrial nations. It is comprised of Wales, Scotland, England and Northern Ireland. Our next story takes us to the English capital of London. Cockney is a nickname for certain citizens of London, particularly those from the city's East End. The term Cockney also applies to a dialect of English. People who speak Cockney change certain vowel sounds. For example, lady would be pronounced lady. Cockney speakers also use a very distinct slang. It's a form of speech that's turned up in a recent edition of the Bible.
Tom Mintier has the story.
TOM MINTIER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It is the Bible as you may have never heard it.
MIKE COLES, AUTHOR: Hello, dad, up there in good old heaven.
MINTIER: The Lord`s Prayer in Cockney does sound strange, but not to Mike Coles. He`s a teacher in London, well East London, and many of his students speak in Cockney slang. Coles teaches religious education at Sir John Cass Church of England Secondary School. He is the editor and translator of a new edition of the Bible, it`s written in Cockney.
COLES: We just had the King James version or the New English version, it doesn't mean a great deal to some of these children. So I found that by putting it into their lingo, the way they speak it -- ow you doing mate, and all that -- they really responded positively to it.
MINTIER: The first 300 copies of the Bible in Cockney were put out here at the National Christian Resources exhibition outside London. There were other copies of the Bible here and special offers on church lighting, church heating, the Bible on CD ROM, even communion wine.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, we got a load of these in last week.
MINTIER: The Cockney Bible`s first printing was 10,000 copies, 5 times more than other religious books offered here. While nowhere near the millions of regular Bibles printed, this one is special. It comes with a glossary of Cockney rhyming slang. Bees and honey means money.
COLES: We've got five loaves of Uncle Fred and two Lillian Gish.
MINTIER: Translated, five loaves of bread and two fish. For Mike Coles it is not about fame or fortune, he just wanted to get his students enthused about reading the Bible.
COLES: The kids really respond to that, they loved it. It was more in their sort of way that they speak. It brought the Bible to life for them, but at the same time as being entertaining for them the message was still getting across.
MINTIER (on-camera): Mike Coles says he has no illusions that his version of the Bible will ever make the best seller list, but he says he will be happy if those who might not normally read the Bible give it the butcher`s hook, translated from Cockney -- give it a look.
Tom Mintier, CNN, Surrey, England.
RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: Now to the Arab country of Iraq located at the head of the Persian Gulf in southwestern Asia. In the 1980s and early 1990s, the president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, and other leaders of the ruling political party involved the country in two wars. First, there was an eight-year war with its neighbor Iran. Then, in 1990, Iraq invaded and occupied neighboring Kuwait. A coalition of 39 countries sent military forces to the region and defeated Iraq and the United Nations imposed crippling sanctions on the country, which are still in effect today.
As James Martone explains, Iraq has other problems as well.
JAMES MARTONE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Residents of Hussein District in Basra say their houses are flooded by sewage which seeps outside and into the street. Sometimes the roads become so full of sewage that it floods back in, bringing awful smells and insects. Mohammed Fasom (ph) lives with his two children and three other families in a house on Basra's Mustiteal Street (ph).
MOHAMMED FASOM, BASRA RESIDENT (through translator): The sewage brings us bugs that bite us, so much, it is impossible to sleep so we have to hide our bodies under the sheet, he says.
MARTONE: His kids have insect bites, which give them diarrhea, he says.
(on camera): Basra's sewage treatment plant is here in this desert region outside of the city. The plant was never finished because the Indian company that was building it was scared off by the 1991 Gulf War.
(voice-over): This sewage project, which began in the early '80s, included lifting stations designed to carry sewage from underneath Basra's homes to the urban treatment plant. But the lifting stations are in decay and the plant remains only 30 percent functioning. Power outages due to Iraq's deteriorating electric system means sometimes the plant is not working at all.
Iraqi officials blame the sewage crisis on international sanctions that have slowed up the process of importing spare parts.
NODI JUAT (ph), PLANT MANAGER: We haven't material and we haven't spare parts for this -- to correct this.
MARTONE: Plant manager Nodi Juat says that the most lethal problem is that the digesters, the machines that treat or detoxify the sewage, were never finished. The raw sewage that makes it to the plant gets pulled up these pump screws that were recently overhauled by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Then the sewage is sent to these tanks where it's separated, but for lack of a better place, the sewage is then diverted out into the desert.
MARK ZEITOUN, INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS: The sewage should be treated. Right now it's not treated at all. It flows out into the middle of the desert or into the river, depending on which part of the city you live in.
MARTONE: Fears among Basra residents have grown that sewage could be leaking into the salty, but potable, drinking supply. This has led to the resurgence of private vendors who re-clean the state- supplied water and sell it.
But on Mustiteal Street, not everyone can afford the privately treated water. This mother says the sewage is a constant concern.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): It brings us sickness, dirt and polluted water, she says of sewage. This is all because of sanctions, she says.
MARTONE: James Martone, CNN, Basra in Southern Iraq.
(END VIDEOTAPE) HAYNES: Playing pro basketball is the dream of many teenagers but a reality for only a very few. Most NBA stars go to college first, but lately, the best high school players have jumped directly into the pro draft right after graduation.
CNN's Student Bureau reporter Jason Harrell looks at the challenges these young men face by choosing to skip their college basketball careers.
JASON HARRELL, CNN STUDENT BUREAU REPORTER (voice-over): Kobe Bryant, Kevin Garnett and Tracy McGrady successfully jumped from high school to the NBA. This year a record six high school players hope to do the same. Eddie Curry, Kwame Brown and Desagana Diop are expected to be selected among the top 10 in a draft centered around potential over experience.
As teenagers, these young men will be tested both on and off the court next year.
KWAME BROWN, BASKETBALL PLAYER: That was the main concern for me making the transition. It's not so much as playing the game because the game will take care of itself. If you're dedicated to the game, it's going to reap benefits for you.
EDDIE CURRY, BASKETBALL PLAYER: That's where family comes in. I mean, I was brought up around a strong family. I mean I know right from wrong. I mean -- and a if I'm not playing basketball, then I'm going to be working out, working on my skills. If not that, I'm just going to be spending time with my family. So I really don't have time for the other light stuff.
HARRELL: Four years of college proved to be the best decision for Shane Battier. His growth and maturity helped him to feel confident about handling the pressures of the NBA lifestyle.
SHANE BATTIER, NBA DRAFT PROSPECT: Well, it's a big difference, not just in basketball, but if you go to work for IBM or Microsoft or on Wall Street, you're much more prepared to handle that at 22, 23 as opposed to 18.
LOREN WOODS, NBA DRAFT PROSPECT: Guys like myself, Shane Battier, Brendan Haywood, always going to have it up on those guys as far as mentally and socially just because we've had the experience.
LON KRUGER, HEAD COACH, ATLANTA HAWKS: You get several people tugging for that time and attention and then it's difficult for them to know who to listen to and oftentimes they're going to listen to people that tell them what they want to hear instead of what's real. So that's the challenge.
HARRELL: These young men must prepare for their new life. They have to be ready for the decisions that lie ahead. Staying focused may prove to be the key to success. BROWN: High school players, you're just going to have to not take in all that peer pressure. You're going to have grown men out there influencing you to do things so you're just going to have to be strong. You just -- I mean it's going to be a challenge for everyone.
DESAGANA DIOP, BASKETBALL PLAYER: I don't think I'm ready for anything. I'm just going to go learn. But I'm confident in myself, though. I will come in and play. I'm ready to go learn.
CURRY: I know it's going to be hard being away from home, being away from familiar places and familiar places and things, but I'll get used to it. I mean it's all a part of going to the NBA.
BROWN: I'm getting over the homesickness now. I haven't been home for a month so it's just going to be a situation where I'm just going to have to be strong. I mean this is a league of men. You're kid and childhood adolescent life is over.
HARRELL: Kwame Brown, Eddie Curry and Desagana Diop look to make history on draft day. At the age of 18, these young men will compete on the highest level of basketball. It's a tough challenge that these talented athletes welcome.
Jason Harrell, CNN Student Bureau, Atlanta.
HAYNES: And by the way, today is the day for the NBA draft in the United States.
WALCOTT: Well, good luck to them.
WALCOTT: Well that wraps up today's show.
HAYNES: We'll see you tomorrow.
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