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NEWSROOM for February 13, 2001Aired February 13, 2001 - 4:30 a.m. ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.
TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: From the CNN Center in Atlanta, this is CNN NEWSROOM. Welcome, everyone. I'm Tom Haynes.
RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: And I'm Rudi Bakhtiar. We have lots to tell you about. Here's a quick look at what's coming up.
HAYNES: In today's top story: Napster's days appear to be numbered after the popular Web site suffers a major defeat in court.
BAKHTIAR: Next, in 'Health Desk," we give a whole new meaning to "Have a safe flight."
HAYNES: Then we're in Ethiopia for "Worldview," the country dealing with the aftermath of war.
BAKHTIAR: And in "Chronicle": 196 million miles away, we have touchdown.
A federal appeals court in California orders Napster to stop letting Internet users download copyrighted music for free on its Web site. It's seen as a victory for the recording industry, which sued Napster in 1999 for copyright infringement.
(voice-over): The panel of three judges on the 9th Circuit Court says Napster's music-sharing service knowingly violates copyright law. As you may know, Napster allows people to upload and download CD- quality music without paying royalties to copyright-holders. it was founded in 1999 by 18-year-old Shawn Fanning. Fanning released software that made it easy for computer users to trade songs they had stored as computer files in the MP3 format.
That format crunches digital recordings down to smaller length without affecting quality. Napster plans to appeal Monday's ruling, saying it's protected by the Audio Home Recording Act, which allows people to record music for personal use. The Justice Department has said the act doesn't protect Napster because the statute doesn't define a home computer as a recording device.
(END VIDEOTAPE) HAYNES: Napster is still up and running, but it'll be hard for the site to overcome this latest defeat. The online music service's days appear to be numbered, as a lower court tries to figure out things such as what determines a copyrighted file.
Bruce Francis has more on Monday's ruling.
BRUCE FRANCIS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): No rest for Napster user Peter Sayer this past weekend: a rush to find music before a potential shutdown yielded a bonanza.
PETER SAYER, NAPSTER USER: Million -- about a million other users run to it as well, and that creates a large volume of shared files so there's more out there to download and we go nuts downloading.
FRANCIS: Napster, which allows users to exchange recorded music over the Internet, plays on for Sayer and some 50 million other registered users, but perhaps not for long. A federal appeals court in San Francisco ruled that an earlier order shutting down Napster has to be modified. Once it is, though, the service could be halted.
In a slam-dunk for the recording industry, the Ninth District Court of Appeals found that "Napster knew or had reason to know of its users' infringement of plaintiffs' copyrights."
Napster CEO Hank Barry vowed to appeal.
HANK BARRY, CEO, NAPSTER: We believe -- and this is contrary to what the court ruled today -- that Napster users are not copyright infringers, and we will pursue every legal avenue to keep Napster operating.
FRANCIS: The recording industry, including Warner Music, which like CNN is owned by AOL Time Warner, couldn't be happier.
HILARY ROSEN, PRESIDENT & CEO, RIAA: That a business model built on infringement is not only morally wrong but legally wrong, and we're very gratified that the Ninth Circuit today agreed with us 100 percent.
FRANCIS: Last fall, German entertainment giant Bertelsmann broke ranks with the recording industry and invested in Napster and struck a deal to develop a subscription version. And while he's still too young to legally drown his sorrows over today's ruling in a beer, Napster's founder Shawn Fanning says that effort continues.
SHAWN FANNING, FOUNDER, NAPSTER: I'm focused on building this better service, and I still hope to have it in place this year.
FRANCIS: But fans of a free Napster might not stick around.
MIKE STEINBERG, NAPSTER USER: You know, just as I guess I got into this one, I could easily get into another one if it was the same -- same idea and you wouldn't have to subscribe to it.
FRANCIS: Napster can appeal the injunction and the rest of the decision to the Supreme Court. If so, they should hope that attorney David Boies has a little better luck this time before the nation's highest bench. Boies' last appearance before the Supreme Court: Gore's challenge to the Florida election results.
Bruce Francis, CNN Financial News, New York.
BAKHTIAR: In anticipation of Monday's ruling, Napster users were trading files and continuing to download even after the court's decision was handed down. What do consumers think about the controversy surrounding the cyber-service?
Well, our Jason Bellini got the opinions of college students, both before and after the ruling.
JASON BELLINI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Do you have a lot of music on your computer?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Quite a few.
BELLINI (voice-over): Jonathan Petrush (ph) is by no means your average MP3 user. An electrical engineering student, he rigged his college dorm this year into a digital theater for music and movies. He doesn't use Napster much because, he says, he's already moved beyond it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Once something has become free and open, then you can't really shut it down, per se.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Since the source code is open, you can basically just set up your own Napster if you want. I get most of my stuff now from other people's computers. These other sharing services don't have as much publicity, right? So, basically, how much publicity you give these other sources is directly proportional to how much, you know, piracy is going to go on.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I'll go to a Web page or something and download it.
BELLINI (on camera): You're not paying for music anymore?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No.
BELLINI: Why not?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Be glad to show you. It's called an MP3 device. You play MP3s with it, you hook it up to a car.
BELLINI: What if they shut it down entirely? What would that do to you? UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I'd cry. What would you do if they shut down Napster entirely, sweetie? He'd download songs from other people.
BELLINI: He'd download from other people?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes.
BELLINI: Your last songs?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.
BELLINI: Why your last songs?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Because it's going to go offline probably tomorrow.
BELLINI: You think so?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.
BELLINI: What, are you going to pay a fee for Napster?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It depends. I mean, like, I'd probably pay for that instead of going out and buying a CD with one song on it I like.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I'll just have my mom pay for it.
BELLINI: If it ever were to be shut down, what would you do?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I probably would look for other places to get music.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: If Napster shut down tomorrow, life would go on.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Life would go on.
BELLINI: Mike, you're there on the Web cam. We can see you. Can you tell me: What's your reaction to the decision?
MIKE ENOS, NAPSTER USER: Well, obviously, I would like to keep Napster online because it's really easy to get files off Napster. But there are other, somewhat more difficult ways to do it.
BELLINI: Do you think people are aware of the copyright issue: that there's a principle involved? And the music industry is saying that: You know, it costs us money to make this music. And if you want it, you've got to pay for it. Otherwise, you're stealing.
ENOS: The temptation of getting free product is too great to pass up.
BELLINI: I know John is real into downloading music off the Internet. John, how you doing? This is Jason.
JOHN MORIARTY, NAPSTER USER: I'm doing all right. How are you doing?
BELLINI: Hey, give me your reaction to the court's decision today.
MORIARTY: I think the court's decision was an appropriate action because it is stealing copyrighted songs from artists.
BELLINI: You download the music yourself. Why?
MORIARTY: I do download the music myself. It is free and it is an easy way of getting music. And we're college kids. We don't exactly have the hugest budget to work with.
LAUREN WEATHERLY, NAPSTER USER: Hello?
BELLINI: Lauren, hey. This is Jason from Newsroom.
BELLINI: How you doing?
BELLINI: Copyright laws are going to be something that will come up again and again in the future as technology progresses. Do you think that -- do you think that we're going to have to reassess the way we look at copyright in the future?
WEATHERLY: I think that will be a prominent issue in the future because, I mean, it's not a new issue in terms of copyright because Napster is just a new-and-improved way of burning a CD or tape recording off of the radio. And no matter what happens, there will always be copyright issues. But with advancing technology, I think it will be a more prominent issue just because it makes it so much faster and easier to do this.
BELLINI: Well, these issues are going to be with us for some time to come. Even if the plug eventually does get pulled on Napster, the questions of copyright laws and whether or not you're sharing or you're stealing when you're downloading files, that's not going to go away.
Jason Bellini, CNN NEWSROOM, Atlanta.
HAYNES: Well, a tip for flying in "Health Desk" today: The next time a flight attendant offers you a snack, you might want to take it. New research indicates eating and moving around while on a plane actually reduced the risk of deep vein thrombosis, a rare condition known to cause death in some cases. Thrombosis is the formation or presence of a blood clot inside a blood vessel or cavity of the heart. Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, occurs in one of the deep veins, usually in the leg. Air travel increases the risk because of the combination of inactivity and dehydration. And as new cases of DVT surface, concerns are growing about traveling in cramped spaces.
Rhonda Rowland tells us more.
RHONDA ROWLAND, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Before boarding an airplane, be sure to have something to eat and drink. Researchers say it's one way to avoid becoming a in-flight emergency statistic.
DR. MAKOTO MATSAMURA, SANTAMA MEDICAL SCHOOL, JAPAN: After eating and drinking, the blood volume may be increased.
ROWLAND: Increased blood volume means better circulation, lowering the chances of fainting or a heart attack.
DR. DAVID FRID, OHIO STATE UNIV. MEDICAL CENTER: Well, I think it's, again, interesting and provocative information, primarily because a lot of people would not be likely to eat or drink because of anxiety, whether it's the only factor, the primary factor is unclear.
ROWLAND: Japanese researchers found in an airplane cabin environment, food and nonalcoholic beverages improved oxygen levels in the body by 21 percent, and oxygen to the brain by almost half. But eating too much may be counterproductive, directing blood flow to the digestive track. Some doctors say they have another concern for their heart patients or those at risk for heart disease: sitting too long in cramped seats, whether on a plane or in a car may lead to blood clots or deep vein thrombosis. Some are even referring to it as "economy class" or "coach syndrome."
DR. GERALD FLETCHER, MAYO CLINIC, JACKSONVILLE: Sometimes people get blood clots that go from their legs to their lungs, so pulmonary emboli. This is a risk, and it's been fairly well documented as a slight problem in the literature.
FRID: The fact that you're sitting on an airplane for maybe, two, three, four,six hours, that's enough to really impede some of the blood flow and maybe increase your risk for having a deep vein thrombosis.
ROWLAND: Doctors say there are simple things any passenger can do to reduce this risk.
FLETCHER: I recommend that they get up every hour or so and walk to the bathroom, go down, have a glass of water or something. Get up out of the seat, and same thing when you're driving.
ROWLAND: If you're stuck in a window seat and can't get past your fellow passengers, the doctors say at least shift positions in your seat every now and then, do toe lifts. And it's not a bad idea to avoid crossing your legs. (on camera): None of the major airlines contacted by CNN would comment. But the Air Transport Association agrees: Passengers should move around while flying, eat lightly in flight, drink plenty of fluids, but limit the alcohol and caffeine.
Rhonda Rowland, CNN, New Orleans.
BAKHTIAR: In today's "Health Desk Extra": the human gene. It's what determines your eye color or which disease you're vulnerable to. On Monday, scientists announced a major breakthrough in gene research, bringing them one step closer to finding treatments for illness and disease. But researchers in the public and corporate sectors have different ideas about what to do with this new information.
Margaret Lowrie explains.
MARGARET LOWRIE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A race to the finish line on sequencing the human genome for scientists divided by the bottom line: that is, those trying to make sense of the genetic code for profit and those who say they seek to do so only for the public good. The latter, the Human Genome Project, an international public sector group, released their study in London.
LORD SAINSBURY, BRITISH SCIENCE MINISTER: This information is very basic. It is, if you like, pre-competitive research. And its fundamental to all the work that will take place afterwards. And we feel very strongly that this kind of information should be made available as soon as possible to all the scientists who will work on this to produce medical advances.
LOWRIE: The Human Genome Project is made up of scientists from Britain, the United States, Japan, France, Germany and China. The international consortium says its genetic sequencing of a representative human being is almost done, about 95 percent complete. The new genetic research may make it possible to eventually identify those at risk of disease and eventually tailor specific treatments.
Scientists here say this kind of information needs to be freely available to all.
JOHN SULSTAN, HUMAN GENOME PROJECT: I think we would not be so far ahead. Diagnostics specifically would not be as powerful as it is now. And I think the discoveries, the new cures would be longer in coming if we did -- if we split up and privatized the fundamental information.
LOWRIE: The scientists in London criticized their private-sector competitor, Celera Genomics, for wanting to privatize its competing research.
DR. MIKE DEXTER, WELLCOME TRUST: Now, it does matter enormously to me that the data is not held under commercial license. I really don't think that to have a bizarre pay-and-view mechanism -- almost like a digital TV buying up the World Cup -- is right for the human genome sequence.
LOWRIE: From the commercial company, Celera Genomics: a defense of its approach.
CRAIG VENTER, PRESIDENT, CELERA GENOMICS: And I think we're going to see more and more public-private cooperation. There are some things that just can be done far more efficiently in a private- enterprise formation. And I think Celera's example of doing world- class basic science research is helping to change the paradigm and the thinking.
LOWRIE (on camera): The Human Genome Project says its research, widely accessible on the Internet, has already helped outside researchers map some 30 new genes, including one linked to a breast cancer. It says its principle of fair and free access for all will help narrow the gap between developed nations and developing countries that simply cannot afford to pay for the information.
Margaret Lowrie, CNN, London.
HAYNES: We look at the environment, art and health in "Worldview." We'll head to Russia, which is rich in resources. Ironically, many people say that's causing a problem. And we'll find out why. We'll also visit Ethiopia. We'll learn about its culture through its art. And we'll have a special report on life in Ethiopia from the CNN Student Bureau.
The African nation of Ethiopia is still reeling from a one-two punch: war and famine. Just last December, its two-year war with neighboring Eritrea came to an end when the two countries signed a peace agreement. Tens of thousands died in the fighting. Then, just last month, Ethiopia appealed for international aid to feed more than six million people expected to be affected by the drought this year.
Some organizations are already helping out and making a difference, too. CNN Student Bureau reporter Kristoffer Crawford (ph) traveled to Ethiopia and experienced the hardships and the hope firsthand.
KRISTOFFER CRAWFORD, CNN STUDENT BUREAU CORRESPONDENT (voice- over): The sun breaks the horizon, starting another day for Asele Tumta (ph). Asele is a 13-year-old girl living in Farecho, a small village in Damota, Ethiopia. She lives with her mother, her younger sister and two brothers.
Asele, along with the other children and women from her village, collect water in plastic containers. She cooks using a small fire in the back of her hut. These few dishes are all that they own. While this life may seem difficult for a 13-year-old girl, Asele's mother says it was even tougher just a year ago. Relief aid has provided for the Tumtas' basic needs. A small one-room hut was built for them out of the false banana plants, complete with a small plot of farmland and seeds to plant.
Once a month, Asele's family makes the all-day journey to a relief feeding camp where they are given staple foods such as corn meal, soy meal and other grains. How much they get is determined by how much work they have completed during the month. At a water station similar to the one that would be built for Farecho, there are separate areas: one for washing clothing, one containing drinking water for animals, and one pumping drinking water for the people.
Kristoffer Crawford reporting, CNN Student Bureau, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
BAKHTIAR: More on Ethiopia as we turn to the United States: One artist from the drought-stricken region is using his paintbrush to depict his feelings about his African homeland. His drawings express both struggle and triumph.
Stacey Wilkins takes us behind the canvas.
STACEY WILKINS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A vision of the world transferred to canvas: Ethiopian artist Daniel Taye creates striking images that are capturing the attention of the international art world.
DANIEL TAYE, ETHIOPIAN ARTIST (through translator): The hidden feelings are what I paint. They are diseases people have lived with for thousands and thousands of years.
WILKINS: The 32-year-old's work is being shown in the United States. The exhibition "Daniel's Eye" is a passionate look at the world. The images are universal: beauty, pain, anger, sadness. Taye says his goal is to help people understand buried feelings.
TAYE (through translator): My goal is not to be an artist. My goal is to examine complicated feelings. Paint is what gives expression to these emotions. I will paint as long I feel the need to find a solution for this problem.
WILKINS (on camera): Daniel Taye's talent caught the attention of his homeland when he was just a child. He won first place in a government-sponsored art contest. After that, he decided to devote his life to art.
(voice-over): Taye grew up in a nation in conflict. He lived through Ethiopia's communist regime, and most recently, his country's two-year border conflict with Eritrea. He saw millions left homeless by the war, many permanently maimed by land mines. Some say that history is reflected in his work.
JOSEPH JORDAN, AFRICAN ART EXPERT: As you look at his work, you'll see that some of the changes that his country has gone through -- some for the good, but some that have to deal with this issue of war and conflict between neighbors -- is really, really very much present in what he does.
WILKINS: But much of Taye's inspiration comes from places far outside Ethiopia. His interest in people that society shuns has resulted in paintings with subjects that resonate with people around the world.
MERAT KEBEDE, AFRICAN ART EXPERT: He's Ethiopian, but his artwork is very global. So I can identify some of his work with some European paintings, some Asian, some African, some Ethiopian. So it's not just typical of Ethiopia.
WILKINS: Taye plans to return to his home in Addis Ababa. He wants to turn an abandoned military building into a creative arts center to help give other artists an opportunity to display their work.
Stacey Wilkins, CNN, Atlanta.
BAKHTIAR: A final note on Ethiopia: Relief is still pouring in to the drought-stricken nation. The United Nations World Food Program says it has been feeding 5.7 million people in Ethiopia, about 10 percent of the country's population. That makes Ethiopia number two when it comes to world-food-program relief. But one country gets even more food from the U.N. agency. Do you know which country? The answer: North Korea, where 7.6 million people are receiving food from the World Food Program.
HAYNES: We head now to Russia, the world's largest country. It is partly in Europe and partly in Asia. In post-Soviet Russia, the cycle of political and economic crisis has obscured what is happening to the forests and other natural resources in the remote eastern parts of the country.
Gary Strieker reports on what could become a major environmental disaster.
GARY STRIEKER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Thousands of miles from Moscow, in Siberia and Russia's far east, the wild forests of the taiga are so inaccessible, only helicopters can penetrate many vast areas. And from the air, it's not hard to find mounting evidence of an emerging crisis, what some describe as the uncontrolled plundering of timber and minerals, oil and gas.
DAVID GORDON, PACIFIC ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE CENTER: This truly is one of the last bastions of wild nature. To lose that would be a tragedy to the entire planet.
STRIEKER: The taiga seems endless, twice the size of the Amazon rain forest. More than a quarter of all the planet's forests are found here, critical habitat for a vast diversity of life and a strategic store of carbon, playing a role scientists say is crucial in regulating global climate.
In the Soviet system, the taiga was exploited for natural resources by state enterprises under the heavy hand of control from Moscow. After that system collapsed, some multinational corporations tried to pick up the pieces of resource industries here, but most of those deals failed, reportedly because of corruption and local bureaucracy.
(on camera): The post-Soviet scramble for the riches of Russia's far east has now turned into a steady drive by Russian interests, sometimes with international partners, to penetrate this vast region with roads and infrastructure, to open it up and exploit it.
(voice-over): Well-connected companies are securing major timber and mining concessions from regional governments, closing deals conservationists describe as fire sales at bargain prices.
GORDON: The regional governments of Siberia and the Russian far east are real hungry for cash. They want quick investment, they want quick investment, and unfortunately they're thinking first and foremost about selling their natural resources for quick cash rather than investing in the long-term future of their regions.
STRIEKER: Critics say Russia's far east is fast becoming a natural resource colony for China, Japan and South Korea, an economy based on raw exports generating few benefits for local people. And they warn the situation is now even worse since Russian President Vladimir Putin abolished the State Committee for the Environment and the Federal Forest Service.
Conservation activists like TV personality Vasily Solkin believe the Russian taiga is in serious danger. He says he's frightened by the thought of its natural resources going into private hands at a time when government control and oversight has been weakened, a time many believe could be just the beginning of a massive ransacking of the taiga.
Gary Strieker, CNN, Vladivostok, Russia.
ANNOUNCER: Teachers, make the most of CNN NEWSROOM, with our free daily classroom guide to the program. There you will find a rundown of each day's show. So you choose just the program segment that fits your lesson plan.
Plus, there are discussion questions and activities. And the guide highlights key people, places and news terms. Each day, find hot links to other online resources and previews of upcoming "Desk" segments. It's all at this Web address, where you can also sign up to have the guide automatically e-mailed directly to you each day. It's easy. It's free. It's your curriculum connection to the news. After all, the news never stops. And neither does learning. BAKHTIAR: In "Chronicle": an amazing story from space. For the first time, an unmanned NASA spacecraft has landed on the surface of an asteroid, all the more impressive considering the NEAR -- or Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous spacecraft had been designed only to orbit the asteroid, not land on it.
Skip Loescher has more on this unprecedented event.
SKIP LOESCHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's never been tried before. But NASA tried it Monday. And it worked.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The mood is jubilant.
LOESCHER: The NEAR-Shoemaker spacecraft has been circling the asteroid Eros for more than a year, sending back 160,000 pictures of the 21-mile long rock. Monday morning, scientists fired a rocket, sending the school-bus sized satellite heading for the asteroid, still taking pictures as it went.
Hope was for the NEAR to impact at a speed of seven miles per hour or less, so it would survive impact. And it did.
DAN GOLDEN, NASA DIRECTOR: NASA takes us to the edge. We do tough stuff. And they did a wonderful job with very few people.
ROBERT FARQUHAR, NEAR MISSION DIRECTOR: I can't believe that we did this. I am still not believing it. Maybe I am dreaming all this.
LOESCHER: No one knows how long scientists will keep getting data from NEAR. But officials say, given the odds of it surviving impact at all, any data still being sent back is a huge success.
Skip Loescher, CNN, Washington.
BAKHTIAR: Well, it's time for us to fly out of here.
HAYNES: See you tomorrow.
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