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NEWSROOM for June 30, 2000Aired June 30, 2000 - 4:30 a.m. ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.
RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: Hello, everyone. I'm Rudi Bakhtiar. As the week rolls to a close, NEWSROOM has lots to cover. Here's a preview:
Relations between the United States and Cuba are in the spotlight in the wake of the Elian Gonzalez case.
In "Editor's Desk," we find out how a larger-than-life figure gets even bigger.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
RICK LOCKRIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Those who have already seen Michael Jordan on an eight-story-high IMAX screen are talking about "the shot."
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BAKHTIAR: Out of the movies and on with the show -- the dog show, where we ask,"what's in a name.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: What's the dog's name?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Air Force One.
MOOS: That at least makes sense.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BAKHTIAR: Finally, we "Chronicle" the challenges of some young people.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JILL JOHNSTON, HORATIO ALGER SCHOLAR: When I got the scholarship, I was -- I had this idea in me that I was the only one, I was the only person in the world that was overcoming adversity.
(END VIDEO CLIP) BAKHTIAR: In today's news, Elian Gonzalez return to his Cuban homeland. Two days after their arrival, the 6-year-old boy and his father are spending time in seclusion away from the media glare. They're surrounded by family and friends, staying in a specially prepared government guest house in an upscale part of Havana.
Even though Elian is back home, mass rallies against the United States are expected to continue. Cuba wants the United States to lift economic sanctions that have been in place since 1961.
The relationship between the U.S. and Cuba began more than 100 years ago during Spain's occupation of the Caribbean island. Cuba's desire for independence became embodied in a Cuban freedom fighter named Jose Marti. But Marti's efforts ended in vain at the hands of Spanish soldiers. Cuban independence finally came in 1898 when the U.S. won the short-lived Spanish-American war. The U.S. granted Cuba its sovereignty but wrote into it's constitution a clause giving the U.S. the right to intervene in Cuban affairs.
For the next several decades, Cuba's political structure deteriorated, thanks in large part to coups d'etat and fraudulent elections. A young revolutionary at the time, Fidel Castro, took advantage of Cuba's weak political situation and, on January 1, 1959, overthrew his country's government.
Castro's communist stance would soon become evident and lead to the deterioration of U.S.-Cuban relations. In 1961, the two countries broke diplomatic ties resulting in a trade embargo and a U.S.-backed invasion at the Bay of Pigs. The attack failed and Castro's reign has continued to this day.
Now, the relationship between the U.S. and Cuba takes the forefront once again, sparked by the ill-fated voyage of a 6-year-old boy and his mother.
Lucia Newman reports.
LUCIA NEWMAN, CNN HAVANA BUREAU CHIEF (voice-over): Everything seems normal on the streets of Havana, except that there's someone conspicuously missing: The face of Elian Gonzalez, which filled huge posters on this and many other busy intersections for months, has now been removed, not that anyone's complaining.
"I'm relieved this problem's finally been resolved," says this man, echoing the sentiments of many Cubans.
Elian's father has said he never wants another camera pointed at his son again, and Cuban officials are helping ensure he gets his wish by cordoning off a three-block radius around the government guest house where he and his family will be staying for several weeks.
The idea, says the officer in charge of security, is to get Elian out of the limelight so he can begin to feel like a normal child again. UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): The neighbors are fine, life goes on as normal, but the press is not allowed. We've already explained why. We ask for your understanding.
NEWMAN: Ordinary Cubans have also been served notice that Elian's return does not mean an end of the government-organized protests. Officials say they're simply shifting from Elian to a broader-based protest against U.S. policy towards Cuba; everything from immigration issues and the economic embargo to the demand that the U.S. naval base in Guantanamo Bay be returned to Cuba.
AYMEE HERNANDEZ (through translator): We will keep fighting so that U.S. public opinion can know the true nature of our people, and we will keep fighting so that we can continue living and developing our revolution without any outside interference.
NEWMAN (on camera): A large demonstration is planned for Saturday, and officials say more will follow. So while Elian may now be out of sight, Cubans who thought that their lives would now go back to normal will have to think again.
Lucia Newman, CNN, Havana.
BAKHTIAR: OK, NEWSROOM brain-teaser time. Ready? How does a 6'6" basketball legend with a mean jump and a larger-than-life persona grow to about, hey, say, eight stories tall? The answer is IMAX. That's a wide-screen projection system that uses 70 millimeter advanced film through a camera in a way that results in a picture of unusual height and depth.
What does that have to do with being like Mike? Michael Jordan is the star of a new IMAX film; one that makes him look bigger and badder than ever.
Rick Lockridge explains.
LOCKRIDGE (voice-over): Those who have already seen Michael Jordan on an eight-story-high IMAX screen are talking about "the shot." No, not this shot, or this quintessential baseline drive and jam, or even the unforgettable final shot of Jordan's pro career.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED ANNOUNCER: Jordan, a drive, hang, fires. Score! He scores! The Bulls are the world champs again.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LOCKRIDGE: This is the shot people are talking about: Jordan getting some serious air in Chicago's United Center.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, when the camera turns all the way around.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He's in the air like this where he was, like, jumping, like, with his feet, and he slammed with his tongue out.
LOCKRIDGE: It turns out some of the shot was movie magic: Jordan against a green background as 100 still cameras tracked his movement; a technique called "bullet-time photography."
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And we start going around, and we get to the end point. And now what will happen, we'll go back into realtime where Michael is thunder-bowling.
LOCKRIDGE (on camera): Did you believe that that was real?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes, it's convincing. It's very convincing.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I thought it was real.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, "MICHAEL JORDAN TO THE MAX")
NARRATOR: He is the most recognizable person in the world.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LOCKRIDGE (voice-over): IMAX crews spent two years filming Jordan with special cameras that shoot six feet of film per second. That high speed makes it possible to get images like these, and reactions like these.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It was an incredible movie.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There's finally a screen big enough to capture Michael Jordan's move.
LOCKRIDGE: Jordan, who pocketed a million-dollar fee for two hours of dunks and a two-hour interview, says he hopes the 45-minute film will not only entertain but inspire.
MICHAEL JORDAN, FORMER PROFESSIONAL BASKETBALL PLAYER: That kid that I say is out there practicing somewhere and is going to be better than Michael Jordan, I hope he's working hard and I hope he elevates the game and has the same type of dedication that I have for the game. My son said it's him, which is good.
LOCKRIDGE (on camera): Michael Jordan was known mostly for scoring and defense, but if his new movie can propel the IMAX industry to new heights, as some predict, a lot of museums and aquariums across the country will consider that a heck of an assist.
Rick Lockridge, CNN, Washington.
BAKHTIAR: Time now to spin the globe and span the globe in "Worldview." As Cuba celebrates the return of Elian, we'll hear more from Cuba, but this time it's all about culture. Meet a Cuban band sharing its music with the world. Then hear some warm, fuzzy stories from China and the United States. And watch out for our very own Tom Haynes as we do some name dropping with pets. Also, find out how smooches from pooches are bringing smiles and more to young people.
But first we head to Mexico where children will be putting in their two cents at the polls. The Mexican elections are this Sunday. And although they won't really be voting for president, children there will be answering questions about their living conditions in hopes of a better future.
Harris Whitbeck explains.
HARRIS WHITBECK, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Twelve-year-old Rafael Rodriguez lives in a shelter for street children in Mexico City. He left his village in the countryside to come to the city to take on responsibilities normally reserved for adults.
"My mom couldn't pay all the bills and I couldn't find any work there, so I decided to come here to Mexico City to help her," he says. He's had trouble finding work in the city, but he's still trying.
Rafael is one of the more than 120,000 children who live in the streets of Mexico's major cities. And as part of general elections, he will be able to vote in a referendum on the conditions children face in Mexico.
NELIA BOJORQUEZ, UNICEF (through translator): The children will give us their vision of the world they would like to live in, and that will help us adults design concrete actions and legislation to help them.
WHITBECK: Rafael says his dream is to return to his family and be taken care of by his mother. In the referendum, children aged 6 to 17 will answer yes or no questions, giving their opinions on conditions in their homes, their schools and their communities, and on how they are treated by adults.
Children's rights activists are skeptical.
"After the voting, we need to see if anything is actually done with the results," he says.
Organizers of the election say they will propose new programs to eradicate the problems many Mexican children face.
(on camera): Problems that, for the most part, are directly linked to the economic inequality that prevails in the country; problems that might be expressed by children, but that can only be solved by adults.
Harris Whitbeck, CNN, Mexico City.
(END VIDEOTAPE) SHELLEY WALCOTT, CO-HOST: We begin in China, a country in eastern Asia containing one-fifth of the world's population. Today, the Chinese are ruled by a communist government that defeated the Nationalist Party in 1949, dismantling a 37-year-old republic. Prior to that, China was ruled by a dynasty spanning more than 2,000 years.
Among other privileges, the Chinese royalty once enjoyed exclusive ownership of a dog you may be familiar with -- the Pekingese dog. Raised in China since the 700s, the Pekingese dog remained a secret from the rest of the world until 1860. It was then that the British Army seized Beijing and also took two Pekingese back to England. But today the dog is being shared with people closer to home.
Ty Marega tells us how one man's best friend is playing a new role.
TY MAREGA, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): These dogs are going to school, but it's not for obedience training. These canines are the key part of a program called Doctor Dog. Twice a month, a gray poodle and white Pekingese visit the new Yuan Xi School (ph) in Beijing for an hour. Dong-dong (ph) is an 8-year old boy with a severe case of Down's syndrome.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD (through translator): They're really fun. They're really fun.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Fun. I like that dog over there.
MAREGA: The simple act of playing with the dogs helps the children overcome some of the limits of their disabilities.
WANGE QIYUE, TEACHER (through translator): Children are basically unaware of how they fit into society. They don't understand the complex dynamics of human relations. But, on the other hand, their relation to these dogs is totally natural. Doctor Dog sets them free and lets them express their true identities.
GENG YONGJI, SCHOOL PRINCIPAL (through translator): To these children who are mentally handicapped, Doctor Dog gives them psychological support and helps them break out of their shell to connect with the outer world. For instance, little Zhao Ching (ph), he was scared and stayed away in the very beginning. But after a while, he found the dogs so cute that he couldn't help but to go touch them and play with them. He's learned that these animals aren't intimidating. And with this knowledge, he'll have the courage to interact with other people.
MAREGA: The benefits of the program don't stop with the children. Doctor Dog is helping promote animal welfare in a country where dogs have traditionally been regarded as a health hazard and public nuisance. And now that China no longer stages mass eradication campaigns, dogs are being viewed with a new sense of purpose.
Ty Marega, CNN.
TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: Yes.
You know, Kathy, I'm a little upset.
KATHY NELLIS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Why is that, Tom?
HAYNES: Because you brought me all the way out here to do a field lead on dogs and you brought your cats.
NELLIS: They're not cats. These are Yorkshire terriers, a toy breed first developed in England. And their names are as long as their pedigrees. This is "Little Demon Just a Tad" and this is "Bit of Joy, Pot of Gold."
HAYNES: Come on, meow for me.
What are their real names?
NELLIS: For short, we call them Bitsy and Tad.
HAYNES: Listen, just like humans, dogs have nicknames, too.
Jeanne Moos has the long and short of it in our next report.
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): My name is Moos. I thought my name was bad until I went to the dog show. Name that show dog.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Majenkir Timosius VII (ph).
MOOS (on camera): I don't understand a single one of those words.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Fablehoff Zoot Suit (ph).
MOOS: What's the first word?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Kennel name, Fablehoff.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Fable!
MOOS (voice-over): Whatever happened to Lassie, Spot, Rin Tin Tin?
(on camera): What's your dog's name?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Air Force One. MOOS (voice-over): That at least makes sense. Try reading this guy's name.
Every show dog has a name registered with the American Kennel Club.
MOOS (on camera): 26, 27, 28.
(voice-over): Unfortunately, the AKC allows lots of letters.
(on camera): What's her formal name?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Champion Touchstones Ooh Whad Yah Dooh.
MOOS: Ooh Whad Yah Dooh?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Ooh Whad Yah Dooh.
MOOS: How do you spell that?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: O-O-H W-H-A-D Y-A-H and D-O-O-H.
MOOS: And then for short you call her?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Bibi (ph).
MOOS (voice-over): It's pretty clear which name the dogs prefer. Rascal here turned a deaf ear to his registered name.
(on camera): Moptop's Good Luvin (ph)!
(voice-over): A few pointers: the "C-H" stands for champion, and the first word usually refers to the kennel where the dog was bred. And after that, anything goes: Pass the Pepper, Worth the Wait, Come Hell or High Water.
But even the dog show announcers fall back on the everyday call name.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Here's Spicey.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Oreo.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Ernie the Bernie.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Daniel the Spaniel.
MOOS: Here is the long and short of it.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Champion K-Var Josandandre's Triple Crown (ph), there we go.
MOOS (on camera): And what do you call him?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Scooter.
MOOS (voice-over): Breeders have a habit of creating theme litters.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We did a litter of pointers, and we named them after all the iced teas. We have Tetley (ph), Lipton, Snapple.
MOOS: This is Snapple, and from another theme litter, here's Carbon Copy.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We had Facsimile, Carbon Copy, Xerox.
MOOS: There are litters named after candy bars, even litters named after Beatles songs. This bloodhound's name is Ticket to Ride. His sister's is Eleanor Rigby, though her owner prefers...
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Rigadoodle!
MOOS: Bulldogs tend to have inventive names.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They do like, Will E. Bite.
MOOS: This Irish wolf hound's registered name is Queen Eleanor. Very dignified, but at home she likes to chase skunks, so...
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We've nicknamed her Smelly Elly, Queen of the Skunk Hunters. Sometimes we call her Smellinor or just plain Smelly.
MOOS: At the dog show, everything on a leash has a formal name.
(on camera): Now his registered name is?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Michelangelo.
MOOS: And at home you call him...
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Mikey.
MOOS: Why's he got a paper towel in his mouth?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He always likes to hold something.
MOOS (voice-over): Just call him Champion Quicker-Picker-Upper.
Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.
BAKHTIAR: Next, we turn our ears to the rhythms of Cuba. Cuba is an island nation located approximately 90 miles, or 145 kilometers, south of the U.S. state of Florida. The country's communist government strongly supports the arts, and often sponsors free ballets, plays and other cultural events for its citizens.
But music is perhaps Cuba's best known art. Its style combines African and European traditions, featuring guitars as well as percussion instruments such as castanets, maracas and bongo drums.
Gloria Hillard sets the stage for one Cuban band that is sharing these sounds with the world.
GLORIA HILLARD, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The hip-hop style musicians in baseball caps and jackets are members of El Medico De La Salsa of Cuba. Singer Lazaro Gonzales, although trained to be a history professor, has been playing music since he was a young boy. His story is perhaps not unlike the thousands of musicians in Cuba.
LAZARO GONZALES, MUSICIAN (through translator): In Cuba, it's all in your heart, without winning anything. They don't make anything. It's only from your heart and your soul.
HILLARD: The best-known Cuban export album is the Grammy-winning Buena Vista Social Club, which became an Oscar-nominated documentary of the same name this year. The music was that of well-known older Cuban musicians. This band, he says, is the sound of a new generation in Cuba.
Music is considered a natural resource of Cuba. Music education is free there. Starting eight years ago, popular Cuban bands that traveled outside of Cuba were allowed to keep all but a small percentage of their earnings, making them rich by Cuban standards when they returned home, but not by Western ones, especially in the music world.
This band has been here for a year. Gonzales' visa has expired.
(on camera): Does that mean you've defected?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In a few months he'll have his residency. To open up to the world for his career, he believes that he should be here.
HILLARD: Gonzales says the four-decade Cuban embargo has affected the music of his country.
GONZALES (through translator): Since we've been isolated from the world, we have not been influenced. The music is not commercialized. That's why it sounds different.
HILLARD: Still, he says he feels the embargo is wrong.
GONZALES (through translator): It doesn't hurt the regime, it hurts the people.
HILLARD: He believes music will help change old ideas.
Gloria Hillard, CNN, Los Angeles.
ANNOUNCER: You're watching CNN NEWSROOM, seen in schools around the world, because learning never stops, and neither does the news.
BAKHTIAR: Applying to college is a tough task. Taking standardized tests, writing application essays and deciding on a major can take a toll, but what if you also had to deal with a physical disability, financial troubles, or the loss of a parent?
Well, NEWSROOM'S Mike McManus met young people who faced odds like these and came out on top, with a little outside help.
MIKE MCMANUS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Elizabeth Gilloroy attends UCLA as both teacher and student.
ELIZABETH GILLOROY, HORATIO ALGER SCHOLAR: She's also a Horatio Alger scholar.
GILLOROY: They provided me an opportunity to meet other people, both young adults and other older adults, who had been through various experiences similar to my own.
MCMANUS: Horatio Alger was a 19th century author famous for penning books about overcoming hardship and succeeding through hard work. One-hundred years after his death, an organization bearing his name is rewarding young people who have done this by helping both financially and emotionally.
(on camera): The Horatio Alger Association gives more than $1 million in scholarships each year. For the award winners, this money affords them opportunity they might otherwise not receive.
(voice-over): Elizabeth's mother is a recovering alcoholic and drug addict.
GILLOROY: If it hadn't been for the support and encouragement both emotionally and financially through the association, then I wouldn't be where I am today.
MCMANUS: Support for the organization grows far and wide and includes cookie entrepreneur Wally "Famous" Amos.
WALLY "FAMOUS" AMOS, HORATIO ALGER HONOREE: So many kids have no support, have no safety blankets. And I think in many instances, Horatio Alger becomes that.
MCMANUS: "Famous" Amos himself was honored by the organization in 1987 for both his volunteer work and rise from humble beginnings. He thinks tracking the scholars after the help's given is just as important as the help itself.
AMOS: We come out with surveys so that we can see, what's the heartbeat of the youth, what are they thinking, what are their thoughts, what are their ideas?
MCMANUS: To conduct that survey, questions are mailed each year to scholar award winners like Jill Johnston, a 23-year-old deaf college student attending Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C. She agrees with the latest "State of Our Nation's Youth" survey, which finds mom and dad on top when it comes to who offers the most influence on youth.
JOHNSTON: My mom would put me in the kitchen and she'd pull out all the pots and pans and the spoons and stuff and she'd say, this is a spatula, or whatever, you know. And those are the ways that I learned how to speak.
MCMANUS: Edward Robinson is a scholar winner that's just accepted a job with the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette newspaper. He overcame his mother's unexpected death with the support of family and friends, two factors topping the response to what helps in overcoming difficulties.
EDWARD ROBINSON, HORATIO ALGER SCHOLAR: When I won the Horatio Alger scholarship, there were tons of people telling their stories and it just made me think about my mom and how she was watching over me and how she would want me to go on.
MCMANUS: By tracking people like Elizabeth, Jill and Edward, the organization hopes not only to help through their struggles, but to celebrate their success.
JOHNSTON: I see the struggle of a person who has an identity as a hearing-impaired individual. But, also, I see myself overcoming that odd by trying to use my experiences to influence other people who have the same impairment that I have.
GILLOROY: Life is a continuous struggle, so you're always sort of picking yourself back up, dusting yourself off and moving forward.
MCMANUS: The mission of the Horatio Alger Association is to make that process a little easier.
Michael McManus, CNN NEWSROOM, Los Angeles.
ANNOUNCER: Teachers, make the most of CNN NEWSROOM with our free daily classroom guide to the program. There you'll find a rundown of each day's show so you choose just the program segments that fit your lesson plan. Plus, there are discussion questions and activities, and the guide highlights key people, places and news terms. Each day, find hot links to other online resources and previews of upcoming "Desk" segments. It's all at this Web address, where you can also sign up to have the guide automatically e-mailed directly to you each day. It's easy, it's free, it's your curriculum connection to the news. After all, the news never stops, and neither does learning.
BAKHTIAR: As the United States approaches Independence Day, Americans will reflect on the words, "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Well, one lucky bidder now has a rare original copy of the Declaration of Independence.
Bruce Morton reflects on the paper that voiced a dream. (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)
BRUCE MORTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's the perfect 4th of July gift for the family that has everything, because they absolutely, positively don't have one of these, unless they were at Sotheby's Web site, too: a copy of the Declaration of Independence, printed when it was brand new.
DAVID REDDEN, VICE CHAIRMAN, SOTHEBY'S: It's as close as you can get to the founding of our country. Printed on the night of July 4, 1776, the most important single printed piece of paper in the world.
MORTON: Hard to argue. The original, which Thomas Jefferson wrote by hand on parchment, is in the national archives. So is one of these. Twenty-five of these first editions survive; 21 are in institutions like the archives, museums and so on; three are in private hands, but promised to institutions; and then there's this one, almost mint. How did it get here? It's rags to riches, such stuff as dreams are made on.
REDDEN: Back about 10 years ago, a man bought an old picture frame in a flea market outside of Philadelphia, took it home. He spent $4 on the picture frame, took it home. The picture frame kind of disintegrated. I mean, what do you get for $4? And in the back of it was found this document. He didn't know its value at the time, didn't know its importance, but he saved it, which is wonderful. I mean, he was a good man for saving this document, and later a wealthy man for saving this document, because he showed it to us and we said, look, it's worth $1 million or more. We sold it at auction. I was the auctioneer back in 1991. Sold for nearly $2 1/2 million.
MORTON: This is a first edition, this is the printing that went to the colonies, to revolutionary troops in the field, this was the word on paper, who we are -- a new nation, men created equal. Well, not equal at the auction Web site, of course. Still, how could you pay too much for those words on this paper?
Bruce Morton, CNN reporting.
BAKHTIAR: The final price for that Declaration of Independence auctioned over the Worldwide Web: $8.1 million with commission. It's the highest price ever paid for an American historical document, and for something purchased on the Internet. The buyer is expected to come forward today at Sotheby's news conference.
Well, the bidding is over and so is the show, so have a great weekend. We'll see you Monday.
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