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Newsroom/World View

NEWSROOM for March 10, 2000

Aired March 10, 2000 - 4:30 a.m. ET


ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.

ANDY JORDAN, CO-HOST: NEWSROOM rounds the bend into Friday. Thanks for capping off your week with us. I'm Andy Jordan.

RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: And I'm Rudi Bakhtiar. Here's a look ahead.

In today's top story Super Tuesday turns into "swan song Thursday," as two underdog candidates bow out of the race for the U.S. presidency.

JORDAN: Next, in our "Editor's Desk," fear of a world without borders. Why some countries say the United States is invading their culture via the Internet.


MARY KATHLEEN FLYNN, CNN TECHNOLOGY CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Most of what you find on the Web is American and some countries find that threatening.


BAKHTIAR: From talk of cultural revolution to the history of gender evolution. Today's "Worldview" examines the changing roles of women.


ELIZABETH DOLE (R), FORMER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I think what we've done is pave the way for the person who will be the first woman president.


JORDAN: Then, in "Chronicle," the latest installment of our Women's History Month series. Today, a profile of Wilma Mankiller, the first woman ever to head the Cherokee Indian Nation.


WILMA MANKILLER, PRINCIPAL CHIEF, CHEROKEE INDIAN NATION: For young women, it's encouraging to see their mothers or women who could their mother's age or their grandmother's age still standing very firm and very strong.


BAKHTIAR: In today's top story, the major players in the U.S. presidential race have been decided. Yesterday, Republican John McCain and Democrat Bill Bradley bowed out gracefully from their respective party races, leaving Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore to battle it out for the presidency.

The move parallels the congruency of the McCain and Bradley campaigns, both insurgents and both formidable opponents to their parties' establishments. Where they go from here could make all the difference in the general election this November.

We have two reports, beginning with John King.


JOHN KING, CNN WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The backdrop could not have been more beautiful, the once-feisty candidate any more subdued. John McCain is in the Republican race for president no more.

SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R), ARIZONA: I am truly grateful for the distinct privilege of even being considered for the highest office in this, the greatest nation in the history of mankind.

KING: The farewell address included best wishes for Governor George W. Bush, but no immediate endorsement. McCain wants the governor to embrace dramatic campaign reform. Intermediaries are trying to arrange a meeting.

REP. LINDSEY GRAHAM (R), SOUTH CAROLINA: This is an important moment for the party. Can we capture what we've been able to do in the primary process for the fall? If we can, we'll win. If we lose it, we're in trouble.

KING: Suspending instead of officially ending his campaign allows McCain to get federal matching funds for any last minute contributions. And he keeps control of his delegates for potential platform fights at the Republican convention.

MCCAIN: I will never walk away from a fight for what I know is right and just for our country.

KING: Some advisers want McCain to think about a third party run, but the senator says he is and will always be a loyal Republican.

MCCAIN: I love my party. It is my home. Ours is the party of Lincoln, Roosevelt and Reagan. That's good company for any American to keep.

KING: McCain won primaries in seven states. Along the way, he spent more than $36 million and won 225 delegates to the Republican National Convention.

MCCAIN: Millions of Americans have rallied to our banner, and their support not just honors me, but has ignited the cause of reform.

KING: Returning to the Senate will be awkward. McCain's maverick streak doesn't sit well with many colleagues. And Republican leaders were openly dismissive of his candidacy.

SEN. TRENT LOTT (R-MS), MAJORITY LEADER: We left the light on for John McCain. We thought probably he'd be coming back.

KING: The McCain camp believes it has leverage because Democrats and independents who supported the senator are critical to Bush in the fall.

(on camera): But the senator's subdued tone reflects his new political reality, candidates bowing out can make demands and sometimes even get their way, but the nominee calls the shots and leads the party, and the Republican nominee will be George W. Bush, not John McCain.

John King, CNN, Sedona, Arizona.



BILL BRADLEY (D), FORMER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I've decided to withdraw from the Democratic race for president.

JEANNE MESERVE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It was both bitter and sweet, a repudiation and a reaffirmation.

BRADLEY: For me personally, today means the, you know, the closing of this chapter. It is something that I believe I gave my full heart, mind, soul and energy to, and it didn't turn out.

MESERVE: Bradley said the people had spoken; it was time to unify the party. But he did not give Al Gore his delegates, his endorsement or his praise.

BRADLEY: I believe that a Democratic president can do more for this country than a Republican president, and he has my full support.

MESERVE: Their contest has been an acrimonious one, and although their competition has ended, the bad feelings about how it was conducted have not.

BRADLEY: I thought that there were distortions and negativity, and I hope, and I would expect -- I hope that he'll run a better campaign in the general election.

MESERVE: But if he doesn't, says Bradley, he will speak up.

BRADLEY: We have been defeated, but the cause for which I ran has not been. MESERVE: Bradley pledged to continue to fight for the North Star issues which guided his campaign: health care, gun control, campaign finance reform, a better politics, a better America.

BRADLEY: A president is president of all the people, wealthy as well as poor. But a president must listen more closely because the voices of those who have been less fortunate are not as loud and insistent as those who have been more fortunate.

MESERVE: This was the message that drew to Bradley the faithful staff and volunteers who surrounded him today. For them, Bradley had thanks and praise. For him, they had applause, cheers and a whole lot of tears.

Why didn't Bradley inspire more people like this? The candidate reflected:

BRADLEY: I think that we didn't really get across the extent to which this was not a campaign of self-interest, quite frankly, and I think that's what we didn't get across.

MESERVE (on camera): Bradley said that he and the day's other casualty, John McCain, had been the victims of the forces of entrenched power within their parties, and although this chapter has ended, the book has not been closed. Bradley left open the possibility that he could run for president again someday.

Jeanne Meserve, CNN, West Orange, New Jersey.


JORDAN: So the stage is set, November here we come; right? Well, not so fast. We have a few primaries and such left to go. Even if McCain and Bradley are moving out of the picture, Republican Alan Keyes is still technically in the running and the actual nomination cycle requires the delegate election process. That's what's going on today in three states: Colorado and Utah are holding primaries in both parties; the Wyoming Republican Party is having a caucus.

Even though the candidates aren't officially nominated until the conventions in August, the writing is on the wall.

Bruce Morton looks at what we can expect in the meantime.


BRUCE MORTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): People keep saying the political parties are weak, but they're still strong enough to nominate their man. This year, the party establishment, the regulars, got the nominees they wanted. The insurgents lost.

What now? Well, George W. Bush and the Reverend Pat Robertson went steady during the primaries, especially in South Carolina. The question now is: Can Bush get his class ring back and start wooing the moderates?

Will it be a negative campaign? Bet on it. It's more of a sure thing than Microsoft. Gore go negative? Just ask Bill Bradley.

BRADLEY: I thought that there were distortions and negativity.

MORTON: Will George Bush go negative? How about those ads saying John McCain opposed research on breast cancer?


ANNOUNCER: McCain opposes funding for vital breast cancer programs right here in New York.


MORTON: There's that video of Gore's famous visit to the Buddhist fund-raiser. We will see this video roughly 1,438,007 times, assuming we don't watch the news every day.

Then there's this famous video.


GORE: My counsel tells me there is no controlling legal authority that says there was any violation of any law.


MORTON: We won't see that quite as often -- it's not as colorful -- but often. And both campaigns will spend all the money -- hard, soft, squishy, whatever -- they can raise. A couple of Bush's Texas friends ponied up a couple of million dollars for ads attacking McCain's environmental record -- independent expenditure, of course. We'll see a lot of that.

What else? Gore, who is thought to be a good debater, has suggested twice weekly debates along with a promise not to use TV ads -- same offer he made to Bradley. Gore thinks, probably correctly, that he's more knowledgeable on the issues than Bush and he'll try to paint Bush as extreme -- Pat Robertson again.

Bush will talk about his record of inclusion, his ability to work with Democrats, which he has done in Texas. He'll paint Gore as a hopeless partisan, Dr. Gridlock. Gore will talk health care; Bush will talk tax cut.

And just think: After only eight months of this, we'll vote. I'll bet you can hardly wait.

Bruce Morton, CNN, Washington.


TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: Also in today's news, heavy rains in Mozambique are making a bad situation even worse. Flooding in the southern African nation has thousands of people desperate for relief supplies and wet weather has made distributing those supplies difficult. Hundreds of thousands of Mozambicans have been made homeless as a result of the floods which began early last month. Aid agencies say the death toll could reach into the thousands.

JORDAN: Well, you may not know it, but there are 6,500 spoken languages around the world. A couple thousand of those have fewer than 1,000 speakers each, but that's still a lot of languages. Yet even with all this variety, some linguists are worried. They argue the world could lose half its languages in the next couple of decades because of the pervasiveness of the English language. And that pervasiveness is growing thanks or no thanks to the Internet. Whatever your view about the march of American culture, it's a reality. But some folks are fighting back, as Mary Kathleen Flynn explains.


MARY KATHLEEN FLYNN, CNN TECHNOLOGY CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): EuroDisney in France, perhaps one of the most visible and controversial places to see the march of American culture across the planet. Julius Caesar may have conquered Gaul with Roman legions, the U.S. is doing it with Mickey Mouse and the Internet. The Internet started in the U.S. And so far, that's where it's flourished. Almost 2/3 of the world's Web traffic comes from the U.S. Japan is second, followed by Germany.

Even though the number of Web use outside the U.S. is expected to grow faster than that of Americans, most of what you find on the Web is American, and some countries find that threatening.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There's a lot of government fears that American imperialism of all kinds, you know, whether it's our food or our Internet.

FLYNN (on camera): Here at the United Nations, delegates can follow the debate by listening to translators. That may stop the U.N. from turning into a Tower of Babel. But you often miss the subtleties and nuances of a language. Hence that old expression, something got lost in the translation.

(voice-over): Programs like this one on the Web, called Free Translation, from Transparent Language, can help you get the gist of a Web site in another language, but not everyone likes that idea. Groups in France have been fighting for years to protect the French language and French culture from being swamped by English words and a culture that's predominantly American. As more countries add Web sights in their own language, there will be more pressure to translate the Internet into other languages.

Mary Kathleen Flynn, CNN, New York.


ANNOUNCER: You're watching CNN NEWSROOM, seen in schools around the world because learning never stops and neither does the news.

BAKHTIAR: Yesterday on NEWSROOM, we told you about the changing face of wrestling. Our CNN Student Bureau report was all about more and more girls wrestling against boys in the United States. In "Worldview" today, we look back at some of the women who pushed the envelope, women who helped bring about the changes which are reshaping our world. Gender roles vary around the world, but wherever you look women are making a difference.

SHELLEY WALCOTT, CO-HOST: Today, we focus on women, the gender that makes up about 52 percent of the world's population. Over the years, their roles have changed, and today they are blazing trails in all segments of society all around the world.

Leon Harris takes us back to the past century, a time when traditions sometimes limited that trend. We'll explore the changes that occurred during the centuries leading to the turn of the millennium, changes which paved the way for a future filled with potential and the empowerment of women.


LEON HARRIS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): 1999, the end of a millennium. A woman can run for president.

ELIZABETH DOLE (R), FORMER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I think what we've done is pave the way for the person who will be the first woman president.

HARRIS: A man can choose to stay at home, raise the children; women hold top jobs in the world's most powerful corporations; men gather to redefine their role at work and at home. Well, images like these might seem to suggest that men and women are more alike than they are different. But how did we get here?

(on camera): At the dawn of this millennium, the roles of men and women in society were pretty much set in stone. But those roles would change and evolve more over the next thousand years than they have in any other period in human history, and that evolution would change forever the way that we deal with each other as men and women. And historians all agree: For that, we must credit women, because, time and again, women have battled for change.


"Wait till my banner touches the fort, then go in and all is yours.

-- Joan of Arc


HARRIS (voice-over): She was just a teenage girl with a vision in her heart and a voice in her head when she announced that she would liberate her country. Slowly, leaders began to listen, then armies became inspired to fight; and in 1429, Joan of Arc led an outnumbered French force over the English in a battle that is recognized as a turning point in the Hundred Years War. Joan of Arc earned her position as a military leader.

(BEGIN GRAPHIC) "I may have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a king."

-- Elizabeth I


HARRIS: Far more common were women who ruled because it was their birthright -- royalty. But none broke the mold like Queen Elizabeth I whose reign lasted from 1558-1603. Men who expected to use her as a means to their own ends were quickly disappointed. Elizabeth fended off threats outside the kingdom and religious unrest inside the kingdom.

(on camera): During the early part of this millennium, these women blazed trails that others would later follow. But they also forced men in traditional leadership roles to recognize that women had equal potential, equal promise. But their promise wouldn't lead to progressive change worldwide until the last 100 years of this millennium when three key events allowed women to recast themselves.


"... together we have made arguments that have stood unshaken by the storms of thirty long years; arguments that no man has answered."

-- Elizabeth Cady Stanton


(voice-over): Eighty years ago, women in the United States went to the ballot box: The end of a hard-fought campaign for the vote and the beginning of a new struggle for political power, the 19th Amendment granted voting privileges, but equality? Social change would come gradually.

In the November 2000 election, women in the United States will outnumber men at the ballot box. And this new political climate means new clout for women, and new challenges as well.

GLORIA STEINEM, FOUNDER, "MS." MAGAZINE: Now, having gotten identity, we're trying to get equality. I suspect that will take at least a century. And then there will be, perhaps, movements in the future before we have cultures when -- in which we're really treated as individuals.

HARRIS: Women in some cultures were voting decades before American women. New Zealand led the way in 1893. Other countries soon followed: Britain, Canada, Finland, Germany and Sweden. And in countries where women began to vote, women began to lead.

BENAZIR BHUTTO, FMR. PAKISTANI PRIME MINISTER: I think that we women felt that we had to compete with men, that we had to show that we're as good as men leaders.

When I was prime minister, I found that I was also very aggressive because I wanted to show I'm not a weak woman. But I think the time now has come, after 25 years, a quarter of a century of women in politics, of women in the work force, for women to suddenly realize that people look towards us because we're women leaders, and they associate women leaders with care and nurturance, with sustenance, and with giving life rather than conflict and death.

HARRIS: Women's Suffrage may have changed the dynamics of politics, but it was still considered immoral for married women to work. That was about to change.


"We can do it!"

-- Rosie the Riveter


HARRIS: World War II.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: American troop reinforcements and equipment leaving England for the steadily expanding beach heads on the coast of Normandy.


HARRIS: Thousands of men answered the call of their country, marching off to battle. But the country would not be the same when they returned because, at home, women, too, were answering the call and seizing an opportunity.

MAUREEN HONEY, AUTHOR, "CREATING ROSIE THE RIVETER": The labor force was depleted, as we all know, because men were in uniform. So women came into these jobs and did them very well.

HARRIS: Initially, companies hired only single women, but as more men left to fight in the war, married women were hired as well. The government created "Rosie the Riveter," a national heroine fulfilling her patriotic duty.


CHOIR (singing): Working for history, Rosie the Riveter.


HARRIS: Other countries began similar programs, a strategy crucial to the Allied victory and the Axis defeat.

HONEY: They were used this way in England for a time, but England was besieged. By 1942, England was in really bad straits and couldn't produce the war materials that the United States could produce. Interestingly enough, Germany and Japan did not use women in this capacity, and one can only wonder how instrumental that was in their defeat.

HARRIS: At the end of the war, women were pressured to give up their jobs. But the seeds of permanent change had been planted. Women began demanding equal access to career options. For men and women, the workplace had changed.

And that's precisely the jumping off point for gender relations as we look to the future. We start the next millennium vastly different than the last, our roles as men and women shifting and expanding.


WALCOTT: For more on women's changing roles and a look at some of the history makers around the world, check your NEWSROOM archives for January 18th.

JORDAN: "Chronicle" has the second installment in our coverage of Women's History Month in the United States. Today: Wilma Mankiller, a woman who's not only breaking new ground for the Native- American community, but for women in general. I went to Tahlequah, Oklahoma, recently and spent some time with this legendary figure. The modern day capital of the Cherokee nation is where Mankiller makes a home and her life mission.


(voice-over): Her name evokes irony.

WILMA MANKILLER, PRINCIPAL CHIEF, CHEROKEE INDIAN NATION: When people give me a hard time, I tell them it's a nickname and I earned it.

JORDAN: But spend any amount of time with the first woman ever elected principal chief of the Cherokee Indian Nation, and the name Wilma Mankiller resonates in less obvious ways. In tribal tradition, the Mankiller was someone who watched over the villages. That she has done, and revolutionized the idea of women and leadership.

MANKILLER: I refused to just adopt a male form of leadership, and I wanted to have my own form of leadership.

JORDAN: Her style: collaborative, a method she acquired when she came of age in 1960's San Francisco, an era of movements: free speech, anti-war, Jimi Hendrix playing for free in the park, when American- Indian activists were occupying Alcatraz Island to draw attention to government efforts to relocate Native Americans. She wound up there as part of a failed government effort to, on the surface, provide native people with educational and financial opportunities. Ultimately, it divided the Cherokee people, leaving many without a sense of identity.

MANKILLER: Terrible things that happen to us end up having a positive side, or there's something to be learned from that. So, relocation was very bad in many ways for our family. It also gave me the political background, I think, and the kind of global outlook I needed to even think about running for chief.

JORDAN: Which she did in the mid-1980's, elected three times, the last election by an overwhelming margin. Her vision: a Cherokee Nation that preserved its language, its culture, that pulled its people out of poverty and rebuilt communities, improving health care. During her tenure, two-thirds of the Cherokee people found jobs.

Turning tragedy into triumph is her calling card. Having suffered a near-fatal car accident in 1979 and life-threatening kidney disease, her hardships parallel the struggles of Native-American people, forced from their land, divided but not conquered, inspiring a philosophy the Cherokee people call "being of good mind." She compares it to the Christian notion of being Christ-like.

MANKILLER: Having a good mind means not letting negative thoughts about the situation you find yourself in or things that are happening to you permeate your mind because then the negative thoughts begin to affect your actions.

JORDAN: Her sense of endurance: inspiring. Her legacy: revolutionary. She counts among her friends the Pulitzer Prize- winning writer Alice Walker and renowned feminist Gloria Steinem. Her take on female role models: cautionary.

MANKILLER: I think that one of the biggest challenges for women today is to continue to fight for the right to define for themself what it means to be a woman. The women that are -- that lead the happiest and the most fulfilled lives are women who are whole themselves and aren't constantly looking for someone to fill a part of themselves.

JORDAN: She spends much of her time working with her daughter and husband, helping to write a screenplay called " Against All Odds."

(on camera): So this is a story about your life, but it's also a story, a bigger story?

MANKILER: It's a bigger story, yes. I think it would be very boring to do a story about my life, but I think if you put my life in a -- in the social and political context of our community and of our tribe, then it becomes more interesting.

JORDAN (voice-over): Her vision was recognized in a big way in 1998, when she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

MANKILLER: It didn't have much of a personal impact. I thought of it more as honoring native women, and I accepted it on behalf of native women, because I this -- I've always thought that a lot of native women have done more work than I've done and they haven't received the recognition that I have.

JORDAN: For her, success is about self-respect and living up to your potential.

(on camera): When you look at, perhaps, young women today who are trying to figure out what they want to do with their lives, young people as well, do you think there is a sense of being born with certain gifts or talents and making the most of those?

MANKILLER: I do. I think that every human being is given by the creator certain gifts and certain attributes, and really I think every person has their life's work that they could and should do, and some people take advantage of that and some people don't.

JORDAN (voice-over): For her, a conscious choice to acknowledge her faults and honor her gifts.

MANKILLER: There are very few real life heroes. Human beings are flawed. No matter who we look up to or who we admire, we're all human and we're all flawed.

JORDAN: In its place: an ideal, focusing on the positive aspects, turning bad into good.

MANKILLER: People think that I'm unusual. I'm not. I'm very ordinary among Cherokee people. Cherokee people by-and-large are able to take the most terrible circumstances, learn a lesson from it and turn it into something good.


JORDAN: Well, next week, our Women's History Month series rolls on with a profile of Rear Admiral Evelyn Fields, the director of the Office of Marine and Aviation Operations. She's coming at you March 17th. On the 24th, our Tom Haynes profiles Rebeca Romero. She's the youngest bank CEO in the United States.


HAYNES: Doesn't this job come with any awful lot of insecurity, but you know there's people out there who don't think you can handle this.

REBECA ROMERO, CEO, CENTINEL BANK: Oh, yes. I look at it as a challenge, you know. My biggest thing this past year has been, just give me five minutes of your time and I'll convince you I can do this job.


BAKHTIAR: You can catch Rebeca's success story March 24th here on NEWSROOM.

Very nicely done. What an amazing woman. And wise words.

JORDAN: Yes, inspiring.


JORDAN: I had a really great time.


JORDAN: Have a great weekend. BAKHTIAR: Take care.

JORDAN: We'll see you back here next week.



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