NEWSROOM for March 9, 2000Aired March 9, 2000 - 4:30 a.m. ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.
RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: It's Thursday here on NEWSROOM, thanks for joining us, I'm Rudi Bakhtiar.
ANDY JORDAN, CO-HOST: And I'm Andy Jordan. We're still reeling from the aftermath of Super Tuesday. Today, we'll tell you who's left standing and who could soon be out of the presidential sweepstakes.
The field is expected to narrow in the U.S. presidential race as the two frontrunners relish their crushing victories in the Super Tuesday primaries.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GOV. GEORGE W. BUSH (R-TX), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Republicans and conservatives from all across the country have said they want me to lead the Republican Party to victory in November.
VICE PRES. AL GORE (D), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: My friends, they don't call it Super Tuesday for nothing.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BAKHTIAR: In "Science Desk," a sigh of relief as astronomers predict a miss by 2000 BF-19 (ph).
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
PHILLIP PLAIT, ASTONOMER: Of course, we are going to get impact in the future, maybe in a million years, maybe tonight, there's not anyway of predicting it.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
JORDAN: We head to the historic capital of Greece in "Worldview," where the ancient and the advanced meet in the City of Gods.
BAKHTIAR: Then in "Chronicle," the boundaries of gender grow ever more blurred.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) ELYSIA AXMAN, AGE 16: I want to be up for a new challenge, but my parents aren't happy about me wrestling at all, cause they're still living in the olden days.
DAN GOLDSMITH, AGE 16: I don't mind girls wrestling on the wrestling team. Nowadays, girls want that big equality thing. So it's not easy at all.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
JORDAN: We follow the path to 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue in today's top story. The journey to the White House has passed an important mile-marker, with the passing of Super Tuesday. Today, we look at the fallout.
While candidates Bill Bradley and John McCain will likely soon be heading for campaign fallout shelters, Vice President Al Gore and Texas Governor George W. Bush are basking in the limelight of the big day.
Gore swept Bradley in 11 states' primaries, including the coveted California and the delegate-rich New York. The vice president spent much of yesterday campaigning in his home state of Tennessee.
For his part, Bush beat McCain in some key delegate states, predicting on CNN that a campaign against Gore would be "spirited."
While McCain did clean up in four New England states, CNN has learned he'll end his presidential campaign today -- at least temporarily.
Wolf Blitzer has more Super Tuesday post-game playback.
WOLF BLITZER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): George W. Bush and Al Gore are now looking toward the general election in November. Bush is calling on Republicans to rally to his flag.
BUSH: And turn to the main task at hand: ending the era of Clinton-Gore.
BLITZER: But the vice president is running on the record of the current administration, promising...
GORE: You ain't seen nothing yet.
BLITZER: It was very much a "super Tuesday" for both front- runners. Al Gore's victory was complete and crushing. He swept Bill Bradley in all 16 Democratic contests, winning most by huge margins.
BILL BRADLEY (D), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: He won; I lost.
BLITZER: Aides say the Bradley will drop out of the race on Thursday and endorse Gore. On the Republican side, Arizona Senator John McCain won four primaries, all in New England, but Bush won the rest: including the delegate-rich states of California, New York and Ohio. He now has well over half of the 1,034 delegates needed to gain the nomination.
(on camera): A top adviser to McCain says the delegate math is devastating, adding it's hard to see a rationale for going on.
McCain has retreated to Arizona to think things over, and two senior aides say it's all but certain he'll leave the race.
Wolf Blitzer, CNN, Washington.
BAKHTIAR: Well, that's a look at what's ahead. Now, we'll take a minute and look back at election 2000 so far. Campaign wheels were put in motion long before January's Iowa caucuses. From caucus to shining primary, this road to the White House has been paved with its own fair share of acrimony and issues.
Bruce Morton looks back.
BRUCE MORTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Iowa began it all calmly. George W. Bush and Al Gore were supposed to win and did. The first thunderbolt came in New Hampshire: Front-runner loses big.
SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R-AZ), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Last night, a New Hampshire campaign ended and a national crusade began.
MORTON: It was about, the war hero said, giving government back to the people, about working for a cause bigger than oneself, and a real campaign had begun.
BUSH: I intend to be back, and I intend to win this state for the Republican Party come November.
MORTON: The Republicans had other contests. In South Carolina, Bush spoke at Bob Jones University, which opposes interracial dating and regards Roman Catholicism as heresy. Bush said later he regretted not raising those issues, but the negative stuff had started.
A McCain ad.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, MCCAIN CAMPAIGN AD)
MCCAIN: His ad twists the truth like Clinton. We're all pretty tired of that.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MORTON: Pat Robertson, backing Bush, attacking McCain supporter Senator Warren Rudman.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, PAT ROBERTSON PHONE CALL)
REV. PAT ROBERTSON, FOUNDER, CHRISTIAN COALITION: A vicious bigot who wrote that conservative Christians in politics are anti- abortion zealots, homophobes, and would-be censors.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MORTON: Phone calls for McCain about Bush's visit to Bob Jones.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Several weeks ago, Governor Bush spoke at Bob Jones University in South Carolina. Bob Jones has made strong anti- Catholic statements, including calling the pope the anti-Christ, and the Catholic church a satanic cult.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MORTON: McCain lost South Carolina, won Michigan, and then lost Virginia after delivering this speech.
MCCAIN: We are the party of Abraham Lincoln, not Bob Jones.
MORTON: That speech may have backfired. McCain headed for Super Tuesday on the defensive. He started sounding more like a victim than a rebel, lashing out at ads paid for by some Bush friends.
MCCAIN: Tell his sleazy Texas buddies to stop these negative ads. Take your money back to Texas where it belongs.
MORTON: Bradley faced a different problem. He'd lost in New Hampshire and faced no other votes until Super Tuesday. How to recover?
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BRADLEY: What you have seen here is an elaborate what I call "Gore dance."
It is -- it is...
It is a dance to avoid facing up to your conservative record on guns.
GORE: You're sounding a little desperate, because you're trying to build yourself up by tearing everybody else down.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MORTON: In the end, Gore cruised to victory and Bush battled to it, but among them, Gore and Bradley, Bush and McCain, raised some big issues and got voters' attention. Turnout almost everywhere was up. Bruce Morton, CNN, Washington.
JORDAN: Our political beat continues in "Chronicle," where we look at musical themes and campaigns, politicians and their songs. That's coming up later in "Chronicle."
SHELLEY WALCOTT, CO-HOST: It's about the electoral process.
TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: Image-making to exit polls.
BAKHTIAR: It's about the political process.
JORDAN: From how you can get involved...
HAYNES: ... to the presidential debates.
WALCOTT: It's about the political parties.
HAYNES: It's about public opinion and the polls.
BAKHTIAR: It's about the power of voting.
JORDAN: It's about "Democracy in America."
BAKHTIAR: It's time for our "Science Desk." Now, you probably know that as something speeds up, its mass increases. Take a penny, for example. Dropped off the Empire State Building, it would create a crater more than five feet across! Now imagine something dropping from outer space. As an object approaches Earth, it picks up speed because of the attraction of the Earth's gravity. And as it picks up speed, it gains mass.
Fortunately, Earth's thick atmosphere causes friction and burns up most of the space junk coming our way. Now imagine a potentially deadly asteroid on a course to hit our planet. Is this doomsday scenario a real threat?
Ann Kellan takes a look.
ANN KELLAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Even if true, it was a one in a million shot, an asteroid, experts thought, was on a collision course with Earth. But now, astronomers say, while it might get close, Asteroid Number 2000 BF-19 will clearly miss the Earth in the year 2022 and will stay millions of miles away at least for the next 50 years.
PHILLIP PLAIT, ASTONOMER: The Earth's gravity is going to manipulate the orbit of that asteroid a little bit and slingshot it, and that's one of the reasons why, in 2022, it's so hard to predict just where this thing is going to be.
KELLAN: The asteroid, about a quarter-mile wide, is estimated to be larger than the asteroid that blew up over Siberia in the early 1900s, devastating the landscape.
As depicted in the movie "Deep Impact," an asteroid that size slamming into the Atlantic Ocean could cause a tidal wave forceful enough to wipe out the eastern United States. That's one reason why astronomers around the world track so-called near-Earth asteroids.
PLAIT: Some of these things are tracked, and we know they're not going to come in. On the other hand, there are tons of meteors that hit the Earth everyday, and some of them are big. So of them are, well, big, the size of a grapefruit. On rare occasion, they'll be the size of, say, a school bus, like there was a few years ago. There's a famous video of one burning up over a football game, a home video shot.
KELLAN: While no human has died from an asteroid hitting Earth, a giant asteroid is thought to have wiped out most of the animals on the planet, including the dinosaurs, 65 million years ago. Astronomers say the risk of an asteroid hitting Earth is extremely small. Chances are even more remote of getting blind-sided by one.
PLAIT: Of course, we are going to get impacted in the future, maybe in a million years, maybe tonight; there's not any way of predicting it.
KELLAN: Astronomers estimate there are between 500 to 1,200 near-Earth asteroids. They're keeping an eye on about 350 of them. While there are tens of thousands more large asteroids located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, they're a comfortable distance from Earth as not to be a threat.
Ann Kellan, CNN, Atlanta.
ANNOUNCER: You're watching CNN NEWSROOM, seen in schools around the world because learning never stops and neither does the news.
JORDAN: In "Worldview" today, we're all about transportation and technology. Get set for a trip through cyberspace and around the world. We'll zip to France to check out creations at the keyboard. Wait until you see these computer-generated animations. And hop on board a new subway in Greece. It links the past and future, as it puts commuters on the fast track. Also, how private is your Web hopping? The answer may surprise you! First stop, Japan, where we discover data detectives.
HAYNES: "Worldview" begins in the world of cyberspace. For the past decade, the Internet has transformed the way people communicate and conduct business. It has made billionaires out of people who simply wanted to offer goods and services over the Net and has made once-cumbersome tasks, such as buying a car, as easy as a point and a click. In the last five years, the Internet has caught on not only in the U.S. but around the world, from Asia to Europe. But with its exponential growth has come risks, specifically issues concerning Internet security, fears of credit card fraud and computer hacking in particular. A hacker is defined as a person who illegally gains access to, and sometimes tampers with, information in a computer system.
You'll remember those recent cyber-attacks that paralyzed popular Web sites like eBay and Yahoo! for hours. Those prompted a criminal investigation in the U.S. Now, Japan is launching its own offensive against cyber-crime.
Lisa Barron reports.
LISA BARRON, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Japan knows only too well about the dangers of hacker attacks. Since late January, Internet vandals have launched thousands of attacks on the Web sites of at least 20 government departments. Now, Tokyo is fighting back with a beefed up high-tech crime center and a new unit of undercover cyber-sleuths.
TAKESHI NODA, JAPANESE SUPERINTENDENT-GEN., METROPOLITAN POLICE (through translator): It is becoming a big social problem, and the day cyber-terrorism becomes a real threat is around the corner. We fear it will become a major concern in the years to come.
BARRON (on camera): The motives behind Japan's hackers aren't clear. The series of attacks ranged from criticizing Japan's war record to stealing personnel files and adding links to pornographic sites.
(voice-over): Critics say the government rushed to jump on the Internet bandwagon without considering the risks and claim the new police division won't be enough.
YUTAKA IIMORI, DIRECTOR, CYBER ANGELS, JAPANESE DIVISION (through translator): The government cannot single-handedly bring cyber-crime under control. It should seek to involve private vendors and NGOs like us. We should all get together to fight cyber crime.
BARRON (voice-over): A new law should help; it bans unauthorized access to computer networks. But experts say it's also crucial to raise public awareness about computer security.
YUTAKA (through translator): Compared to overseas, the Japanese sense of security differs greatly. In Japan, there's always a general sense of everything being safe.
BARRON: But that false sense of security will have to be shattered if Japan is to do its part in winning the battle against cyber-crime.
Lisa Barron, CNN, Financial News.
WALCOTT: On to another Internet problem: profiling. Profiling deals with targeting ads to an Internet user based on the user's personal information. It's a controversial practice. How come? Well, it seems when you use the Internet you leave a Web trail and maybe you don't want to. It's a matter of privacy, as Bruce Francis explains.
BRUCE FRANCIS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): You might not have visited DoubleClick's Web site, but chances are, it has visited you. Generally, if you go to a travel site, DoubleClick might send you an ad for a ski resort, not knowing if you ski. But under the new profiling system, DoubleClick could use personal information -- volunteered in the past -- to know that your favorite travel destination is New York City, you only fly on Continental and that you just bought tickets to "The Lion King." The results: a more targeted ad, pushing perhaps the plaza hotel.
DoubleClick says that both consumer and advertiser are better served by more specific ads, but privacy advocates are concerned.
TARA LEMMEY, ELECTRONIC FRONTIER FOUNDATION: Many people who are viewing information online do not realize what's happening. DoubleClick has got relations with thousands of Web sites who have data where you're reading on everything from who you're voting for to what you're reading about health care ailments to your horoscopes.
LEMMEY: If you read these policies, it's really not obvious to the average person, or even to some of the professionals, what exactly is happening, so it's going to be very hard for them to have people go through a very arduous process of actually really understanding what's going on.
FRANCIS: DoubleClick says that a consumer doesn't become part of the profiling system unless he or she understands how the information will be used. The disclaimer, spelled out in lengthy boilerplate, like this on Netdeals.com, owned by DoubleClick.
And analysts say that DoubleClick isn't doing anything different than traditional marketers.
LOWELL SINGER, ROBERTSON STEPHENS: It's what direct marketers do. It's what's telephone marketing companies do. And the truth is, that we believe consumers fundamentally expect that there's some cost associated with the Internet.
(on camera): DoubleClick declined to speak with us on camera but noted in a telephone interview that it's meeting with a New York state attorney general and the Federal Trade Commission, meetings that the company describes as educational.
Bruce Francis, CNN Financial News, News York.
(END VIDEOTAPE) JORDAN: When Hollywood goes looking for computerized special effects, where does it turn? Surprisingly, it's not just within California. More and more European companies are getting a piece of the action. In fact, a recent trade exhibition just finished in France, a country better known for its traditions than its technology. Perhaps the most famous industry in this country of about 60 million is winemaking. But who knows? With a growing number of computer animators, that could all change.
Peter Humi reports from Paris.
PETER HUMI, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): This award-winning short about the misadventures of Paf (ph), the mosquito, was conceived, designed and developed in France using British computer- generated technology. Technical details came fast and furiously.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So, here I've used the poly-reduction (ph) tool of Maya (ph).
HUMI: Possibly too many details.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You also have two compositing packages that we developed. One is called Maya Composer and one is called Maya Confusion. Confusion? Fusion, Maya Fusion.
HUMI: A slip of the tongue, no doubt, but many of the gimmicks on display could reproduce at will.
"We have to develop our own technology in France," says Claire Pegonier (ph). "We need to offset the lack of funds, compared to those available in the USA," she adds, saying, "we need to be cleverer."
And how's this for clever? This 3D laser scanner is French produced. Applications include the car and boat industries. Next door, a similar American product. Not as good, say the French.
LUC VERGNAUD, KREON INDUSTRIE: This system is better because of the accuracy, you know, and also because we can catch colors, they can't.
HUMI: The Americans, however, appear to have the advantage on maneuverability. Used with markers, as on this dummy, it can help provide realistic human movement via computer.
(on camera): 3D laser scanning has all sorts of potential and doesn't necessarily have to be used with dummies.
(voice-over): Real people, too, can be reproduced, although without too much animation. The gap between where reality ends and the imagination begins seems to be rapidly closing. Just ask your computer.
COMPUTER: Welcome to (UNINTELLIGIBLE) incredible world of facial animation.
HUMI: Peter Humi, CNN, Paris.
BAKHTIAR: Like France, Greece, too, is a country where new technology mingles with rich history. In fact, in Athens you can still visit the Parthenon and the Temple of Zeus, remnants of a once- great civilization. But what happens when progress runs into this kind of past?
As John Psaropoulus (ph) reports, a new subway there proves one doesn't have to destroy the other.
JOHN PSAROPOULUS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): During eight years of construction, the metro only added more inconvenience to an already-congested and inconvenient city. Streets collapsed into tunnels drilled by giant boring machines, and buildings were occasionally undermined, forcing people to leave their homes. But Athenians were ready to reap the benefits and flocked for a glimpse of the new gleaming granite and marble central station.
What makes Syntagma Station unique is that it is also a museum of what was found here: parts of the ancient city walls and, just outside them, a massive cemetery, because the Greeks used to bury their dead on either side of roads leading into the city. The wealth of ancient finds in a place like Athens is what made the $2.2-billion project so expensive and difficult. Tunneling had to be done as many as 11 stories deep to avoid possible archaeological remains.
The new metro will make life easier for an estimated half a million passengers a day now trapped in cars or sluggish buses, the remnants of a system outstripped by Athens' enormous postwar growth. Nearly half the country's 10 million people live here. And the engineers assert, in the wake of last year's deadly earthquake, it's completely quake-proof.
John Psaropoulos, for CNN, Athens.
BAKHTIAR: Senator John McCain takes his followers to a galaxy far, far away, while Vice President Al Gore demands a little respect from the crowd. If you were running for president, what would be the theme song of your campaign? "Smooth Operator" or maybe "Wild Thing"? In today's "Chronicle," we look at the high and the low notes of choosing political campaign theme songs.
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): When it comes to campaign theme songs, Al Gore is on the love train...
(MUSIC, "LOVE TRAIN") ... while Bill Bradley's train has derailed.
The music has stopped for Bradley. As for John McCain and his "Star Wars" theme...
(MUSIC, "STAR WARS" THEME)
... he's still a star, but he's lost the war against George Bush, who doesn't really have a theme song.
(MUSIC, "ROCKING IN THE USA")
GOV. GEORGE W. BUSH (R-TX), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I hear the music blaring away when I'm there.
MOOS: But all that blaring serves a purpose.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It's trying to get the adrenaline pumping
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The music is loud, and I hope it's stimulating
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The band's rocking, that's why I'm here.
MOOS: Things have changed since FDR popularized the most famous campaign song. Nowadays candidates are happy with all kinds of music.
In the '96 presidential race, the Republicans turned "Soul Man" into "Dole Man."
Apparently nothing beats having your name sung.
CHORUS: Bill Bradley, Bill Bradley.
CHORUS: John McCain, John McCain.
MOOS: Lyrics can get a candidate in trouble. Rudy Giuliani attacked Hillary for playing a Billy Joel song...
MAYOR RUDY GIULIANI (R), NEW YORK: Captain Jack will get you high tonight.
MOOS: ... though Hillary wasn't even in the room yet when the song came on. Most campaigns screen their music.
(MUSIC, "SIMPLY THE BEST")
MOOS: The Bush campaign has compiled a CD of 15 songs to play at rallies. The candidate's favorite is by John Fogerty.
JOHN FOGERTY, MUSICIAN (singing): Put me in, coach.
BUSH (singing): Put me in, coach. I'm ready to play.
No, I won't sing any further, elsewise I might not win the election
(MUSIC, "LOVE TRAIN")
CHRIS LEHANE, GORE CAMPAIGN: I actually had a conversation with one of his daughters who recommended it.
MOOS: Gore spokesman Chris Lehane is not worried "Love Train" will conjure up images of the engineer-in-chief.
Votes aren't the only thing candidates are after.
GORE SUPPORTERS (singing): All I'm asking for is for a little respect, just a little bit.
MOOS: At least this vice president can spell.
MOOS: Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.
JORDAN: Well, today's "Chronicle" looks at the ever-changing and ever-evolving gender roles. As the torch is passed from generation to generation, at least here in the United States, the lines of gender are becoming less defined. More and more women are tackling careers and taking on challenges their grandmothers would have never dreamed of and their mothers never dared.
In our next story, CNN Student Bureau looks at a group of young women who are wrestling their way through the tide of change.
NICOLE TAYLOR, CNN/SB CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The face of high school wrestling is changing. The sport had been a showcase of male's strength and agility, a test of his manliness, but now females are competing against them.
MICHAEL ALLEN, COACH: When I started here at Lakewood back in '82, there was no thought of female wrestlers coming in or females playing any other sport.
TAYLOR (on camera): Six years ago, only 219 female wrestlers participated in high school wrestling meets nationwide, but in this last school year this number had grown to 1,900.
(voice-over): While many students support this integration, tensions still surface.
ELYSIA AXMAN, AGE 16: I want to be up for a new challenge, but my parents aren't happy about me wrestling at all because they're still living in the olden days where they don't think that it's appropriate for girls to wrestle,they think it's unladylike for me to be wrestling guys, but I chose to come out here and wrestle anyway.
LESLI LALUZERNE, AGE 17: I was a little bit skeptic about going. I thought about it a lot. I wanted to, I thought it would be really cool, but I was pretty much afraid of going since it is male-dominated and there was going to be a lot of guys.
TAYLOR: Not only were the girls apprehensive, the guys had to adjust as well.
ALLEN: The male wrestlers, the wrestlers, the boys, they have that little ego in them that they can't lose to a girl.
TAYLOR: Despite these feelings, most of the guys accept the girls as part of the team.
DAN GOLDSMITH, AGE 16: I don't mind girls wrestling on the wrestling team. Nowadays, girls want that big equality thing. So, I'm not -- it's not easy at all. If they want to come out and try, they're going to try.
LALUZERNE: Overall, it's been pretty cool. The guys are really nice. They're pretty cool about me and about -- that I'm female and everything, and they treat me like one of the guys, mainly.
TAYLOR: Nicole Taylor, CNN Student Bureau, St. Petersburg, Florida.
JORDAN: CNN Student Bureau could be a way for your video story to be seen by a worldwide audience. Want more information? In the United States, call 1-800-344-6219, or you can head for our Web site, turnerlearning.com.
Now back down to the set. Here's Rudi.
BAKHTIAR: Thanks, Andy. You know, my dad taught me how to wrestler; he was a wrestler. And we used to wrestle all the time. So, it's good for women to wrestle. You go, guys.
Anyway, that does it for us here today. We'll see you back here same time, same place tomorrow. Bye.
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