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Newsroom/World View

NEWSROOM for March 8, 2000

Aired March 8, 2000 - 4:30 a.m. ET


ANNOUNCER: Seen in the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.

RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: It was a make-or-break day for presidential campaigns in the United States and NEWSROOM is ready to bring you up to speed on all the political moving and shaking.

Glad you're here. I'm Rudi Bakhtiar.

ANDY JORDAN, CO-HOST: I'm Andy Jordan. The big day, here's a look at our lineup.

BAKHTIAR: In today's top story, U.S. voters head to the polls. We'll tell you how presidential front-runners kept up the pace on Super Tuesday, leaving their competition in the dust.




JORDAN: Then in our "Business Desk," whoever said life is just an extension of high school may have had a point. We'll tell you about the growing problem of bullies in the workplace.


DON KNAPP, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): As many as one in five workers claims to have been significantly mistreated on the job.


BAKHTIAR: Our "Worldview" segment looks at the comeback of social conscience and Confucius in China.


LIU YINFANG, PRINCIPAL (through translator): Confucianism is a part of Chinese culture. We ought to carry forward. It helps to purify people's souls and maintain a stable society.


JORDAN: Then, in our "Chronicle" segment... (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He's doing some unhuman things.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I always cheer up when he comes up.


JORDAN: ... we'll tell you about the Tiger on a tear in the world of professional golf.

BAKHTIAR: Today's top story is the wave of political activity that has swept the United States over the past 24 hours. Super Tuesday lived up to all its expectations and then some. It was the largest presidential primary election in U.S. history. In state after state, voters flooded primaries and caucuses to cast their ballot. Sixteen states held contests yesterday in what many are calling one of the most exciting presidential races in decades.

On the Democratic side, Vice President Al Gore scored an unprecedented victory over his rival Bill Bradley, winning all 16 states. Republican voters gave most of their support to this man, Texas Governor George W. Bush. He won decisive victories over John McCain and Alan Keyes and has all but locked up the Republican nomination for president.

So how did Super Tuesday become such an important barometer in the race for the White House? Our Bruce Morton has some perspective.


BRUCE MORTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Super Tuesday started in 1984 as an effort to give Southern states more clout. Two weeks after the New Hampshire primary, Alabama, Florida and Georgia teamed up and held contests, though Massachusetts and Rhode Island did, too.

The Democratic race was the one to watch that year. After losing to Gary Hart in New Hampshire, Walter Mondale said he'd quit if he didn't win at least two Southern states. He won exactly two, Alabama and Georgia, stayed in the race and went on to win the nomination. 1988 was much more Super.


GORE: This is a Super Tuesday.


MORTON: Three weeks after New Hampshire, 16 states held primaries, still mostly in the South. Again, a big Democratic test. The two Southern candidates, Al Gore and Jesse Jackson, won the most delegates there.


JESSE JACKSON (D), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Tonight we have won, America has won.


MORTON: But Michael Dukakis won his own Massachusetts, plus Maryland, Florida, Rhode Island and Texas, plus caucuses in Washington State. So he claimed he was the four-corner candidate, the one with national appeal, and was able to keep raising money and win the nomination.

In 1992, the South fielded a strong favorite son: Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton. Questions about draft dodging and Gennifer Flowers cost him New Hampshire, but then the big Super Tuesday Southern contests tripped up the New Hampshire winner, Massachusetts Senator Paul Tsongas, and Clinton went on to win the nomination.

1996? Clinton was the incumbent, so the South looked like the big test for the GOP -- eight states on March 5th, seven more a week later. But it didn't matter. After stumbling early on, Bob Dole won South Carolina and never looked back, rolling through Super Tuesday, winning everything.


ROBERT DOLE (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I think the only Tuesday that is going to be more super than this Tuesday will be Tuesday November 5. That's going to be a victory.



BAKHTIAR: Of course, the Super Tuesday of today bears little resemblance to its original self. It's now a national primary, with important delegate-rich states like California, New York and Ohio.

JORDAN: Now we'll get down to the nitty-gritty of this Super Tuesday. We'll start on the Democratic side where Vice President Al Gore came out on top in every state. The state with the most delegate votes at stake was, of course, California. There Gore came out on top with 82 percent. Bradley had 18 percent.

In New York, Gore won a primary victory on the home court for Bradley who, of course, was once a former Knicks basketball star there.

On to Ohio, Gore did well with union households, 73 percent to Bradley's 25 percent.

In Massachusetts, where many traditional Democrats came in behind Gore, 118 Democratic delegates at stake, Gore on top with 60 percent.

In Georgia, Gore had the backing of nearly of the Georgia's Democratic leaders and of course came out on top there as well.

Bradley didn't focus much on Georgia, and said he focused more on his home state of Missouri, even so, he still lost that state, the state's first presidential primary since 1988.

In Maryland, Gore got strong support from two key Democratic groups, black voters and union members at 67 percent.

In Connecticut, closer there, 55 percent to Bradley's 42 percent.

In Maine, neither candidate spent much time there, concentrating on states where the stakes were much higher, still close, 54 percent, Bradley 41 percent.

In Rhode Island, Gore drew support from Catholics, woman and unions, got 57 percent to Bradley's 41 percent.

And in Vermont, Gore got 55 percent, Bradley 44 percent.

Well, those are the numbers on the Democratic side, clearly setting the stage for Vice President Gore to take the Democratic nomination. Of course, there are other primaries. About 90 percent of the delegate votes needed for the Democratic nomination will have been cast on Super Tuesday and on next Tuesday's elections.

Already Vice President Gore is looking to November.


VICE PRES. AL GORE (D), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: While we are here to celebrate great victories, I say to you tonight, and hear me well, you ain't seen nothing yet. Our fight has just begun, our fight for the working families of this country has just begun, and tonight I invite all Americans who seek the best America, all Americans regardless of party, to join us in this cause.


JORDAN: Vice President Gore spoke well of his opponent, former senator and basketball star Bill Bradley, calling him a good man for whom he has great respect.

On Bradley's part: a graceful concession.


BILL BRADLEY (D), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Throughout this campaign, I've talked about the essential goodness of the American people. I see and feel it as deeply and as clearly today as I ever have. But in running for president, I've also sought to enlist something else, something I've always seen in the eyes of the American people, and that is idealism, a belief that good can triumph over bad; that principle can defeat expediency.

I decided to run for president to tap into that deep and abiding strand in our national character.


JORDAN: So, for the Democrats, a pretty clear call. For the Republicans: not so black and white.

Rudi has that -- Rudi.

BAKHTIAR: Well, "from sea to shining sea," as he put it himself ever so eloquently, Governor George W. Bush was looking pretty super on Super Tuesday, winning the crown jewel state of California, that with 60 percent going to Bush versus 35 percent going to McCain.

Then, in New York, Bush won 51 percent to McCain's 43 percent, where he had the edge among women.

The Ohio primary, Bush won 58 percent to 37 percent for McCain. Bush won among men, women, and among young voters of all ages, income, education level.

In Georgia, Bush had 67 percent to McCain's 28 percent.

And in Missouri, Bush picked up 58 percent, McCain 35 percent, and Alan Keyes six percent.

Maryland, Bush also took the vote there, 56 percent going him, 36 percent going to McCain.

And in Maine, very close, Bush winning 51 percent to McCain's 44 percent, women heavily favored Bush there.

And John McCain, for his part, won four New England states. Starting with the Massachusetts primary, McCain has a 65 percent -- won 65 percent there, Bush 32 percent, to Keyes' two percent.

In Connecticut, McCain picked up 49 percent, Bush 46 percent, Alan Keyes three percent.

And in Rhode Island, McCain, again, 60 percent, 36 percent for Bush and three percent for Alan Keyes.

Vermont voters are known there for their independence. Sixty-one percent voted for McCain, 35 percent for Bush.

Those numbers clearly reflecting a big win for George W. Bush, securing the Republican nomination. Needless to say, the mood was more than celebratory at the Bush headquarters. Bush talked of ratifying the status quo and a new beginning in American politics.


GOV. GEORGE W. BUSH (R-TX), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Tonight's victory, tonight's victory is also the beginning of a great task. I'm not only asking Americans to vote for me, I'm asking Americans to join with me on a mission to reform and renew our great land. From the first day, this campaign has had a cause, a vision of change for our party and our country. Republicans must expand our prosperity and extend it to those who still struggle.

(END VIDEO CLIP) BAKHTIAR: In the McCain camp spirits were high in spite of the numbers. John McCain not conceding defeat yesterday, saying that over the next few days he'll be reassessing the campaign, insisting that his crusade is far from over.


SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R-AZ), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Our crusade continues tonight, tomorrow, the next day, the day after that and for as long as it takes to restore America's confidence and pride in the practice and institutions of our great democracy.


We will never give up this mission, my friends. I give you my word on that, for that's the great purpose of public service, and we must never, never lose sight of it.


BAKHTIAR: Obviously, the final numbers won't be in until all the delegates have been decided in the remaining primaries to be held within the next few weeks, but all in all, it was exciting, it was unprecedented; it had all the ingredients necessary to put the super in Super Tuesday. But the real race is just beginning.

JORDAN: Our "Business Desk" today is all about work. In any business, there must be at least one person in authority, the boss, so to speak. In business, the bottom line is money, or capital, but workers count big time. Workers are known as labor. And as U.S. President Abraham Lincoln said, "labor is the superior of capital and deserves much the higher consideration."

While different bosses have different styles of management, they should all recognize the value of their employees, yet some bosses can make life on the job harder than it has to be.

Don Knapp has the details.


DON KNAPP, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Darla Webster says she's a good waitress and has prizes and awards to back it up, but her stock fell rapidly under a new manager.

DARLA WEBSTER, WAITRESS: The first thing that was out of his mouth was, well, I got rid of all the old ones at my last place.

KNAPP: Webster says the manager couldn't just fire her, so he made her life miserable.

WEBSTER: I worked two shifts on Friday, two shifts on Saturday, I worked Sunday day, and then at the end of that shift, at 6:00 in the evening, he forced me to come in to work from 7:00 at night until 10:00.

KNAPP (on camera): What was he trying to do?

WEBSTER: It was -- he was bullying me.

KNAPP (voice-over): As many as one in five workers claims to have been significantly mistreated on the job, according to a new, unpublished study by labor experts at Wayne State University. The national figures are extrapolated from a study of Michigan workers.

GARY NAMIE, CAMPAIGN AGAINST WORKPLACE BULLYING: Most of it is done behind closed doors and over time, cumulative nit picking: you're incompetent, you're a fool, you can't do anything. But couple that, that verbal barrage, over time with the denial of resources and you've been set up.

KNAPP: Set up to fail, says Gary Namie. He and his wife conduct workshops to help people recover from the emotional and physical damage of being bullied, something Ruth Namie experienced herself.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It was a horrible year. I, too, ended up in the hospital, suicidal. And I kept thinking, I'm a psychologist, you know, why -- this isn't supposed to happen to me.

KNAPP: The Namies counsel 2,000 a month by phone. Their Web site,, gets 40,000 monthly visits. Their book offers advice, as does the book of Ruth Schwartz, who says the bullied know the meaning of the book's title.

RUTH SCHWARTZ: They go, mobbing, that's exactly what's happened. It was a whole gang of people. In fact, it's the whole organization against that one person.

KNAPP: The Namies say they're trying to build a national movement to get laws to protect workers from workplace bullies.

Don Knapp, CNN, Oakland, California.


ANNOUNCER: You're watching CNN NEWSROOM, seen in schools around the world, because learning never stops and neither does the news.

BAKHTIAR: Now on to "Worldview," where we hopscotch around the globe, from the West Indies to Europe and Asia. We'll head to school, go souvenir-shopping and get a sneak peak of an upcoming summit. Our trip today takes us to the Netherlands, where some products are a shoo-in with tourists, we'll hear wise words from an ancient philosopher when we head to China, and we'll zip to Cuba, the destination of many world leaders next month. Find out why they're making the trip.

SHELLEY WALCOTT, CO-HOST: Cuba is an island country in the West Indies. It consists of one large island and more than 1,600 smaller ones. Cuba was ruled by Spain for about 400 years until it won independence in 1898. In 1959, a group of rebels led by Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban government. They set up a socialist government that remains in control to this day. Relations between Cuba and the United States became tense soon after the Castro Revolution. This April, an international summit will be held in Cuba's capital city of Havana.

A summit is when heads of government convene to discuss the state of the country and its relation to the rest of the world.

Lucia Newman has a preview of the upcoming meeting.


LUCIA NEWMAN, CNN HAVANA BUREAU CHIEF (voice-over): Thirty-five years ago, 77 developing countries belonging to the United Nations formed a block called, appropriately, the Group of 77 in an effort to find strength in numbers to face their common problems. Today, the Group of 77 has 133 members, including China, the world's largest organization of developing nations, and for the first time they're planning to hold a summit of heads of state.

FELIPE PEREZ ROQUE, CUBAN FOREIGN MINISTER (through translator): At a time when our nations face great threats and challenges, the existence of the Group of 77 is more justified than ever, as is the need to act together in a coordinated fashion.

NEWMAN: The summit is to be held in Havana in mid-April, and invitations have already gone out to more than 100 world leaders, including controversial figures such as Saddam Hussein.

The goal is to find a consensus for the world's poorest countries to face the challenges of globalization, the foreign debt and the growing inequalities in access to the global resources and technology.

ROQUE (through translator): Listen to this: 20 percent of the world's population that lives in the industrialized countries consumes 86 percent of everything that's produced, according to the United Nations, while the remaining 80 percent consumes 14 percent of what is left. This illustrates the consequences of the process of shameful exclusions we are living.

NEWMAN: So far, more than 30 heads of state have confirmed their attendance, though at least double that number is expected.

(on camera): Until now, the Group of 77, or of 133 as it is now, had only held ministerial meetings. The idea of elevating the gathering to a summit of heads of state appears to reflect a growing sense of urgency to do something as the gap between north and south, rich and poor, widens.

Lucia Newman, CNN, Havana.


JORDAN: Our next stop in "Worldview": China, home to ancient philosopher Confucius. His physical stature was imposing, and his legendary status in China is large. As a boy, he liked to set up sacrificial vessels and go through the motions of ritual. His sayings are often quoted around the world, for as he himself said, when truth and right go hand in hand, a statement will bear repetition. Whether or not you think Confucius' wisdom is truth, many in China are reexploring that possibility, as Rebecca MacKinnon tells us.


REBECCA MACKINNON, CNN BEIJING BUREAU CHIEF (voice-over): Confucius once said, when the perfect order prevails, the world is like a home shared by all. A revival of Confucian ideas is underway at the Sheng Tao (ph) Primary School, where 92 students learn to recite and live by the teachings of a Chinese sage who lived more than 2,000 years ago.

LIU YINFANG, PRINCIPAL (through translator): Confucianism is a part of Chinese culture we ought to carry forward. It helps to purify people's souls and maintain a stable society.

MACKINNON: Children at this expensive private boarding school learn how every person in society must know their place and treat their elders and superiors with respect.

"Before, we didn't behave very well," he says. "Now we know what's right and wrong according to traditional values."

(on camera): Moral values have become a concern for many Chinese parents and for government leaders. After 20 years of free-market reforms, many fear the get-rich quick mentality has gone too far.

(voice-over): Chairman Mao, founder of communist China, banned the works of Confucius as feudalistic. Now, temples to Confucius are being revived in hopes that his ancient ideas will inspire people to think of more than just themselves.

WANG ZHIYUAN, ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (through translator): How did we get like this? We have lost the Confucian teachings and customs. If we don't carry on the good things in our traditional culture, we won't know who we are.

MACKINNON: Officials say this Confucian revival, with an emphasis on loyalty and obedience, makes it compatible with Chinese communist rule, but as these 6-year-olds are learning, Confucius also said unjust rulers can lose their mandate of heaven and be overthrown.

Rebecca MacKinnon, CNN, Beijing.


BAKHTIAR: According to an old Dutch saying, God created the world, but the Dutch created Holland. Also known as the Netherlands, it's a country in northwestern Europe located on the North Sea. The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy, with a Democratic government that's based on a constitution. A queen has served the monarch of the Netherlands since 1890, when King William III died, but the monarch has little power over the way the country is run.

The beauty of the Netherlands has always attracted many tourists, and where there are tourists there are souvenirs. Jeroen Bann has the story.


JEROEN BANN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's no surprise to those who have visited the Netherlands before. Windmills, tulips and wooden shoes are the landmarks the Dutch are know for. At a special souvenir fair for retailers, this year's models were presented. Especially, the wooden shoe seems to be popular. They come in all sizes, ranging from very small to the size you can wear. They even come in a size you can sail in.

But what makes it typically Dutch?

PAUL NIJHUIS, CLOAK MANUFACTURER: In the past, the farmers, they didn't have a lot of money, and in the wintertime they made their own wooden shoes, and it was for free.

BANN: The growing season of tulips is another highlight for tourists in the Netherlands and an important Dutch image as well. The British journalist Anna Pavord wrote a book about the flower and found out it isn't as Dutch as the Dutch themselves like to believe. It's Persian in origin.

ANNA PAVORD, AUTHOR: The Dutch have been very clever in making the rest of the world think that the tulip is a Dutch flower, and it has been greatly to your commercial advantage to make the rest of the world think so.

BANN: But for many tourists, the tulip is as Dutch as you can get, just like the windmill, another ancient image the Dutch are associated with.

(on camera): Visiting this souvenir fair, one could come to the impression the Dutch still walk on clogs, live in a windmill and grow tulips to earn money. Of course they don't. In fact, most Dutchmen resent those cliche images of the Netherlands. But nevertheless, it still stays big business.

(voice-over): Last year, over 10 million foreign tourists visited the Netherlands, and virtually no one leaves without buying something to remember his stay. That's what makes the market for souvenirs a market to reckon with. And the Dutch wholesalers are, first and foremost, businessmen; they don't mind if their products are cliches.

HAN BOGAERT, CHAIRMAN, ASSOCIATION OF SOUVENIR PRODUCERS: The consumer wants to buy these items, so why should you try to bring something else?

BANN: And therefore, there's a big chance you'll end up with one of these in your suitcase when you return home after your visit to the Netherlands.

Jeroen Bann, Radio Netherlands Television, for CNN "WORLD REPORT." (END VIDEOTAPE)

JORDAN: In "Chronicle," we focus on star power in the world of pro sports, and in the world of pro golf it seems star power has Tiger Woods' name written all over it. Not since the days of Jack Nicklaus has golf witnessed the kind of excitement Tiger is generating. He has millions of people around the world captivated by his success.

Anne McDermott reports on the Tiger revolution.


ANNE MCDERMOTT, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): There was Joe, then Mickey, Muhammad, and Mike. And now it's Tiger time. A PGA official has said, when Tiger Woods plays golf, an extra 10,000 turn out to watch.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He's doing some unhuman things.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I always cheer when he comes up.

CLIFTON BROWN, "NEW YORK TIMES": Kids, you see older people, you see middle-aged people, it's really a cross-section of everyone really. He sort of makes a connection with people, whether you like golf or not.

MCDERMOTT: And as one of the few pro's of color on the course, he's inspired a generation of youngsters. Don't worry, hon, even the experts don't always excel. Woods seems remarkably unaffected by the Tigerpaloozaness of his tour.

TIGER WOODS, PRO GOLFER: I'm young enough where it's weird to have people look up to me that are young. It's nice, it's humbling, but it's still a little awkward for me.

MCDERMOTT: Yes, he's just a regular Joe who puts his spikes on one foot at a time. But he's also a regular Joe worth millions. Woods earned a reported $50 million last year, with an estimated $40 million of that from endorsements. And some believe he's poised to surpass Michael Jordan as the world's most marketable athlete. Face it -- people love a winner.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It's just fun to watch somebody who's so successful, and exciting, and handsome.

MCDERMOTT: A recent poll showed more people recognized Tiger Woods than lots of other folks, like Jay Leno, who complimented the golfer on a recent low score.

JAY LENO, ENTERTAINER: You know the last time -- last person to shoot a 64? The Clippers!

MCDERMOTT: Still, it must be hard to take this all in when you're only 24. You just hope he's enjoying it all -- this season in the sun.

Anne McDermott, CNN, Los Angeles.


JORDAN: This show was a hole in one. That will do it for the big day. See you back here tomorrow.



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