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Newsroom/World View

NEWSROOM for March 1, 2000

Aired March 1, 2000 - 4:30 a.m. ET


ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.

ANDY JORDAN, CO-HOST: Rolling right into Wednesday here on NEWSROOM. Thanks for joining us. I'm Andy Jordan.

SHELLEY WALCOTT, CO-HOST: And I'm Shelley Walcott.

We kick off today's program with the race to the White House.

JORDAN: In today's top story, presidential hopeful John McCain suffers a blow as rival George W. Bush runs away with the main prize in Tuesday's primaries.

WALCOTT: In "Business Desk," from high-tech capital of the world to legal beagle. California's Silicon Valley gives New York a run for it's money.


JON LINDSEY, LEGAL RECRUITER: The first time it's happened. New York has always been the pace-setter in salaries.


JORDAN: After two years of savage recession, the last vestiges of Asia's economic crises have finally dissipated.


DAVID SHAIRP, CHIEF ECONOMIST, PARIBAS: I think 2000 will see strong rates of activity through the whole region. On average, I think 2000 will be better than '99.


WALCOTT: Then in "Chronicle," he was America's quintessential folk singer, revered for awakening social conscience through his music.

JORDAN: We're back at the ballot box today, counting the votes from yesterday's contests in the U.S. presidential election campaign.

Three states, five candidates, two parties. The voting yesterday was not pitting Democrat versus Republican. Rather, it saw internal competition in each party. That's the nature of a primary and caucus, ,and today's Tuesday tally takes us to three regions of the United States.

For Republicans, there were primaries in Virginia and Washington and a caucus in North Dakota. Virginia was the night's big contest, with 56 delegate votes at stake in the open primary. In the end, George W. Bush won all of them, putting him ahead in the race for the Republican presidential nomination. He picked up 53 percent of the vote to John McCain's 44 percent. Alan Keyes took three percent. Governor Bush said the win showed he can pull in the Republican votes.


GOV. GEORGE W. BUSH (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Tonight, the people of that state, full of great people, sent a message that they want George W. Bush to be the Republican nominee for president of the United States.


Tonight, tonight, we are one step closer to victory, we are one step closer to having a united party and we are one step closer to getting rid of Clinton-Gore in Washington, D.C.



JORDAN: Governor Bush insisted the win flies in the face of opponent John McCain's recent attack on the Religious Right. He said the voters of Virginia rejected the politics of pitting one religion against the other.

For his part, John McCain said the win proves only that his opponent can win in conservative states, and he is looking to next Tuesday's big election day, where 11 states have primaries.


SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: One more week, get out the yard signs, put on the bumper stickers, call all your friends, we want to have the greatest voter turnout in the history of the state of California. We want to show that we'll send that same message all over America and all over the world that a new day, a new day is coming to America, and change is coming, and look out in the iron triangle and the establishment in Washington because you can't stop us.


WALCOTT: And it was another convincing win for Governor Bush in North Dakota's presidential caucus. A total of 19 delegates were up for grabs in that state. The caucus was an open election, meaning Democrats and independents were allowed to cast ballots. Here's a look at the final breakdown. Bush was the winner with 76 percent of the vote, John McCain came in second with 19 percent and Alan Keyes was a distant third, taking in three percent of the vote.

Bush also proved victorious in Washington state's open presidential primary, where there were 12 delegates at stake.

Vice President Al Gore proved the winner over former senator Bill Bradley in Washington's Democratic contest. Democrats held a non- binding primary there, meaning no delegates were at stake.

The next really important election for the Democratic front- runners comes next Tuesday when key states like New York and California hold their primaries.

Jennifer Auther has a preview of the Democratic maneuvering in California.


JENNIFER AUTHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Will Vice President Al Gore and former New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley come to California to repeat their slugfest at the Apollo Theater in New York?

BILL CARRACK, DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL STRATEGIST: Bradley's under a lot of pressure, and he may be swinging from the fences, and the vice president may feel compelled to defend himself, so we may end up with another New York, but I'm hoping the temperature will come down a little bit from the way it was in the Apollo Theater.

AUTHER: Few would argue this is do or die for Bradley, who has watched John McCain's insurgency suck away the oxygen. The CNN/"L.A. Times" debate in Los Angeles Wednesday may be Bradley's final chance before a national audience to breathe life back into his campaign.

SHERRY BEBITCH JEFFE, POLITICAL ANALYST: He's the guy who's got to make the case for change. He's the guy who's got to be on the attack, and because he hasn't for most of the campaign, it's hurt him.

AUTHER: According to the latest CNN and "Time" survey, Gore has the support of 56 percent of likely voters in the Golden State to Bradley's 12.

RON BROWNSTEIN, "LOS ANGELES TIMES": At this point, Gore is trying to close this out with as little muss and fuss as possible. I mean, his goal is to get out of the primaries without making any more concessions or taking any more hits that will cost him in the general election. And Bradley, of course, is looking for the bolt from the blue, something that will change what seems to be the inevitable results at this point.

AUTHER: Looking beyond the primary, debating Democrats must appeal to independent voters, swing voters and moderate Republican women. Then, analysts say, Gore and Bradley must find time in this debate to reach out to minorities.

For the first time in many years, Republicans such as George W. Bush are challenging for those traditional Democratic votes.

CARRACK: I think we'll probably see, on Gore's part, an effort to try to turn the corner and start talking about general election issues.

AUTHER (on camera): Al Gore has an image in California of being attentive to this state, with more than 70 visits since his vice presidency. Bill Bradley has a strong record of working on California issues while in the Senate. Still, many pundits say Al Gore is just one week away from concentrating all of his efforts on the general election.

Jennifer Auther, CNN, Los Angeles.


JORDAN: And of course you can stay tuned to CNN for the latest in Election 2000. Tonight at 9:00 the Democratic candidates hash out the issues in a CNN/"L.A. Times"-sponsored debate. Thursday, it's the Republicans' turn to debate; that's at 9:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time.

TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: We shift our attention now to the desperate situation in Mozambique. Flood waters continue to devastate parts of the South African nation. Rescuers flying in helicopters struggled to evacuate thousands of people clinging to trees and trapped on rooftops as flood waters continued to rise. Hundreds are estimated to have been killed, and Mozambique's president says the situation is only getting worse. Torrential rains and overflowing dams in neighboring Zimbabwe to the west are blamed for much of the flooding.


CYNDE STRAND, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): These people have been waiting since Saturday for help, after fast-moving floods from the Limpopo River forced whole villages to scramble anyplace above the waterline.

This rescuer, willing to take an extraordinary risk to save a small child.

(on camera): Solid ground is a 10-minute helicopter ride away, but for many of these people, it is the farthest journey they have ever taken.

(voice-over): In seven hours, this helicopter rescues 250 people. Thousands more remain behind. Shivering and in shock, there is no sign of relief on their faces. Most are exhausted, understanding only, they are no longer in the water.

Cynde Strand, CNN, Chokwe (ph), Mozambique.


WALCOTT: In our "Business Desk" today, we look at raises. Now, you probably know by now how nice it is to get a raise, whether it's a hike in your allowance or a jump in your paycheck. In the United States, the average raise is about four percent a year. Some people get less, some a bit more, and the lucky few get a whopping increase.

Kim Hunter explains.


KIM HUNTER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Move over New York: California's Silicon Valley is proving it's savvy about more than just the Internet. Law firms in this high tech capital of the world have set off an unprecedented salary war. Now firms across the country are rushing to catch up.

JON LINDSEY, LEGAL RECRUITER: The first time it's happened. New York has always been the pace-setter in salaries.

HUNTER: Third-year associate Meredith Bushnell says her jaw dropped when she realized she was getting a 40-percent raise. Her firm, Menlo Park's Gunderson Dettmer, shocked the legal community in December when it bumped first-year salaries from about 95,000 to $125,000 and added a guaranteed $20,000 dollar bonus. Founding partner Steve Franklin says the hike was crucial to attract talented associates to help with its wealth of high-tech work and to keep its existing associates from jumping ship.

STEVE FRANKLIN, PARTNER, GUNDERSON DETTMER: Our clients would come ping our associates and say, hey, you know, why don't you come in house, there's, you know, very lucrative stock option packages.

HUNTER: The ripple effect is now being felt coast to coast with this Internet chat site,, keeping tabs on the frenzy. The big question now is, just how long can Silicon Valley give New York a run for its money?

Kim Hunter for CNN, San Francisco.


ANNOUNCER: You're watching CNN NEWSROOM, seen in schools around the world, because learning never stops, and neither does the news.

JORDAN: We head for the world of business and the world of art in "Worldview": money and music, two things that make a mark around the globe. Our journey takes us to Poland where folk festivals are in full swing. The goal: to keep an ancient heritage alive. And art takes center stage in South Korea where a well-known play gets a new look and a strange twist. And we sweep across Asia to check out economies on the upswing.

The last vestiges of recession finally lifted from Asia's economic landscape in 1999. In every country, growth turned positive again after two years of savage recession. Some economies bounced back at lightning speed, like Korea where growth hit double figures. Others, like Hong Kong, were much slower to emerge.

So what lies ahead for Asia in 2000? The World Bank warns that for economic gains to be preserved, there must be more than cosmetic reform. For example, it says corporate and banking restructuring remain a challenge. It points out these Asian countries need a solid base to sustain growth.

Andrew Stevens looks at which economies are likely to be the stars of 2000.


ANDREW STEVENS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): 1999 was the year the tiger economies of Asia rediscovered their strength. Across the region, Asia was back in business. Economic growth turned positive all round. Korea, just three years ago the 11th biggest economy in the world, played the starring role. Growth of over 10 percent, unemployment back to pre-crisis levels, low inflation and deep corporate restructuring earned Korea the tag of the region's best performing economy. But can it repeat that blockbuster performance?

SHAIRP: The early cycle leaders, really, of '99 will be very hard pushed to keep up the pace next year. And the obvious example that comes to mind is Korea.

STEVENS: If bottom line economic growth is the guide to the year 2000 stars, then Korea will be hard pressed to repeat last year's efforts. The strongest growth this year could come from unexpected places.

ANDREW FRERIS, CHIEF ECONOMIST, BANK OF AMERICA: Very easily, in fact, you could see Indonesia do a phenomenal recovery, because Indonesia shrank by nearly 14 percent in a particular quarter. So, in other words, we're going to have a low base effect.

STEVENS: But year 2000 is more likely to be one of broad growth rather than individual shining stars.

SHAIRP: I think 2000 will see strong rates of activity through the whole region. On average, I think 2000 will see strong rates of activity through the whole region. On average, I think 2000 will be better than '99 since '99 was the year of moving ahead, and I think 2000 will see stronger rates overall.

STEVENS: According to analysts at investment bank Paribas, economies which will show the most improvement this year are Indonesia, from around 1/2 a percent growth last year to 5 1/2 percent this year; Hong Kong, from around 1 1/2 percent in 1999 to 6 percent; and Singapore, from 5 1/2 percent last year to 8 percent.

But stripping out the macroeconomic numbers, analysts say the year will also be characterized by microeconomic performance.

FRERIS: I suspect a lot of the better stories are going to be microeconomic stories; namely the restructuring, the corporate restructuring in the P.R.C. in Japan, in Korea, and possibly later on in Thailand, and perhaps a little bit later in Indonesia.

STEVENS: But restructuring is still a potential black spot in Asia's recovery story. As prosperity returns, the political momentum to push through deep, often painful reforms will be more difficult to maintain.

Andrew Stevens, CNN Financial News, Hong Kong.


RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: William Shakespeare is considered one of the world's most renowned writers. The English poet and actor is also thought by many to be the greatest dramatist of all time. His plays were written in the late 16th and early 17th centuries for small audiences. Now, they are performed for millions of people on stages around the world in a variety of interpretations.

If you're a fan of Shakespeare, then "Hamlet" could be one of your favorite plays. It's regarded as one of his best.

Ronnie Lovler reports.


RONNIE LOVLER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's an unlikely choice for a rock opera. Or then again, maybe it isn't.

The Seoul Music Company of South Korea is putting on its own version of "Hamlet," starring 20 of Korea's top rockers. The producer's say the story of murder, revenge and romance has rock-'n'- roll resonance and universal appeal.

CHUN HOON, DIRECTOR (through translator): I'm trying to provide the audience with the feeling of a rock concert with the elements of a musical and a drama.

LOVLER: To be or not to be was never a question for those involved in the production. They were always certain their version of "Hamlet" would be. Nevertheless, the two-and-a-half-hour musical was two years in the making and features 30 songs.

Nor does popular Korean rock musician Shin Sung-Woo have any doubts about his ability to be in the title role of Hamlet.

SHIN SUNG-WOO, ACTOR (through translator): I am a rocker and I am a young man of rebellious spirit in this musical. Both characters, rocker and man of rebellious spirit, harmonize quite naturally.

LOVLER: Director Chun Hoon also gives his "Hamlet" a Korean touch. Some rock numbers composed by Ne-Dong Joon (ph) are mixed with Korean traditional music. Three priests, masters of traditional martial arts, play the roles of guardian angels for Hamlet. The director has also made other departures from the original "Hamlet." Nor is Ophelia the noble, well-behaved lady of Shakespeare's work. In South Korea, she's a tough and energetic dragon lady.

RIAA, ROCK MUSICIAN (through translator): Ophelia has quite a similar character to me. No man can easily surpass her strength. I'm strong enough to lead a rock band. LOVLER: But contrary to the original play, Hamlet is killed by his uncle, Claudius, who goes on to rule the kingdom. But the play doesn't end with his death. What happens next? Well, let's just say it's a real rocker ending with a twist.

Ronnie Lovler, CNN.


HAYNES: Poland is a large Central European nation with a rich artistic history including art, music and literature. Cultural life in the country flourished back in the 1400s and 1500s. The low point was in the late 1940s when Poland's communist government began to restrict cultural activity which did not promote communist themes and goals. Citizen protests from the 1950s through the 1980s helped regain some cultural freedoms.

And this year, the year 2000, is a special one for Poland as it joins elite cities throughout Europe in a cultural renaissance of sorts. The government is encouraging the preservation of traditional folk arts and music and much more.


UNIDENTIFIED REPORTER (voice-over): Krakow, the ancient Polish capital, is a capital again. This time it is a cultural capital of Europe in the year 2000. Krakow shares this title with eight other European cities, among them Avignon, Brussels, Bologna, Helsinki and Prague.

The cities of European culture in the year 2000 were chosen in 1995 by ministers of European Union. A one-year-long cultural festival, Krakow 2000, was inaugurated with a monumental parade of kings. Sixty-two figures from Polish history -- kings, queens, bishops, military commanders -- were marching through the center of the city to the market square. Actors and students performing kings were using stilts to make the figures more impressive.

During their parade, the kings were making stops to listen to Krakow singers performing and to watch theater happenings reminding of Krakow's most famous artist: Stanislaw Wyspianski and Tadeusz Kantor.

The inauguration ceremony was a mixture of historical and contemporary elements of music, theater, dance and folk show. The logo of the Krakow festival is "Spirit, Thought, Creation." The organizers are preparing almost 100 cultural events: concerts, exhibitions, theater performances. They want to combine Polish tradition with European and world culture.

There will be a cycle of classical music performances with participation of New York Philharmonic Orchestra and Wiener Akademie, a festival of music, celebrations of 20th anniversary of solidarity, a festival of Jewish culture, Krakow Ballet spring, street theaters festival and many other events held in Krakow.

The organizers want to present a wide range of ethnic music and tradition. Egyptian dervishes, Indians, Greek Monks, Bulgarian and Ukrainian choirs, and many others will be performing at the festival. It is estimated that more than one million tourists will take part in the festival events.

Last but not least, Krakow, with its splendid monuments and history, is a great tourist attraction by itself. In the year 1000, Krakow became a seat of a bishop. Since 14th century, Polish kings were crowned here. Krakow University is more than 600 years old. The monuments of the city include Wawel Castle and cathedral, Romanian Gothic and baroque churches, Gothic city walls, and famous Old Town.

What makes Krakow unique is the unforgettable atmosphere combining love for tradition and history with bohemian spirit and flourishing of contemporary art.


ANNOUNCER: Teachers, make the most of CNN NEWSROOM with our free daily classroom guide to the program. There you'll find a rundown of each day's show so you choose just the program segments that fit your lesson plans. Plus, there are discussion questions and activities. And the guide highlights key people, places and news terms. Each day, find hot links to other online resources and previews of upcoming desk segments. It's all at this Web address, where you can also sign up to have the guide automatically e-mailed directly to you each day. It's easy, it's free, it's your curriculum connection to the news. After all, the news never stops, and neither does learning.

WALCOTT: As you've seen here in the United States, we're deep into the race for the U.S. presidency. But political activism doesn't always equal political candidacy. For some people, their art is their political forum.

Woody Guthrie was one such artist. Guthrie expressed his social consciousness through music, penning over 3,000 songs. He is considered by many to be the father of modern American folk music, influencing decades of music makers and music lovers alike. Although Guthrie died more than 30 years ago, his music and his message live on.

Phil Hirschkorn explains.



WOODY GUTHRIE, FOLK SINGER (singing): I'm a poor, lonesome boy, I'm a long ways from home...


PHIL HIRSCHKORN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): He was a boy from the hills of Oklahoma, but his voice reached around the world, bringing a social conscience to popular music. Though his songs were sung by millions, he never made near that kind of money. He was Woody Guthrie, born 1912, died 1967; and in 2000, won the music industry's Grammy Award for lifetime achievement.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: America's quintessential folk singer and teller of tales, and a man of true courage, Mr. Woody Guthrie.

HIRSCHKORN: Nora Guthrie is one of Woody's three living children, and the head of his archives.

NORA GUTHRIE, DAUGHTER: What he was is he had these big ears, and he overheard what people were saying, and he heard the troubles, and he literally often wrote down what he heard.

HIRSCHKORN: What Guthrie heard and experienced as a young man were the clouds of the Dust Bowl that chased Midwestern families from their homes.


W. GUTHRIE (singing): You ain't got the do-re-me. Why, you better go back to beautiful Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Georgia, Tennessee.


N. GUTHRIE: It's a mass migration that happened in the 1930s. Woody was one of hundreds of thousands of people. He also lost his home.

HIRSCHKORN: As described in his autobiographical novel and the movie "Bound For Glory," Guthrie spent a lot of time away from home, riding trains, hitchhiking the back roads of America.

MARQUETTE FOLLEY, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION: Woody's journey is a journey of learning, testing what he's learned, getting it from different sources. They were dirt roads or barber shop rooms or street corners, but completely legitimate.

HIRSCHKORN: Guthrie was like a musical Tom Joad, the main character in John Steinbeck's "Grapes of Wrath."

N. GUTHRIE: In the movie, if you remember that wonderful dramatic scene where Henry Fonda says:


HENRY FONDA, ACTOR: Wherever there's a fight so hungry people can eat, I'll be there. Wherever there's a cop is beating up a guy, I'll be there.


N. GUTHRIE: And that line really identified my dad.

HIRSCHKORN: Guthrie landed in California to become a Country- Western singer and got his own radio show in Los Angeles. His political lyrics and sympathy for migrant workers ran afoul of station owners and sponsors. N. GUTHRIE: "Music is a weapon," he would write, and it can be used from both -- not just the bosses, but for the workers.

HIRSCHKORN (on camera): By 1940, Woody Guthrie uprooted himself again, this time bound for New York City. Here he played the coffee houses and clubs of Greenwich Village, and he made his first commercial recordings. Those albums took his songs to a much wider audience and preserved his musical legacy for today.

(voice-over): An exhibit on Guthrie's life is now showing at the Museum of the City of New York. The show, organized by the Smithsonian Institution, will travel around the country.

FOLLEY: The willingness to say that every human being has a right to be, and that's also very American. But Woody put words and rhythms to that. He is as American as the Declaration of Independence.


W. GUTHRIE (singing): This land is your land, this land is my land, from California to the New York Island.


HIRSCHKORN: Guthrie's most powerful declaration is, this land is your land, written in response to the sentimentality of "God Bless America."


W. GUTHRIE (singing): Hitler wrote to Lindy, said: Do your very worst. Lindy started an outfit that he called America First.


HIRSCHKORN: Guthrie attacked hero pilot Charles Lindbergh for his isolationist views during the rise of Nazi Germany before World War II.


W. GUTHRIE (singing): Thinking and wondering, walking all the way down the road.


HIRSCHKORN: The willingness to tackle political ideas in music inspired outspoken performers of the next generation, like Bob Dylan, Bruce Springstein and John Mellencamp. Immobilized by Huntington's disease in his later years, Guthrie drew strength from his influence.

N. GUTHRIE: He was very childlike in a way when people would come and they would sing his songs. And he would tell Dylan, he would say, you know, sing me all of my songs, and Dylan would call himself the Woody Guthrie jukebox. HIRSCHKORN: The Guthrie jukebox remains a record not only of one man's voice, but of the people's voice.

Phil Hirschkorn, CNN NEWSROOM, New York City.


JORDAN: Sounds like his voice reverberates even today.

WALCOTT: Yes, sure does.

JORDAN: All right. We'll see you back here tomorrow. Have a good day.

WALCOTT: Have a good day.


WALCOTT: Bye-bye.


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