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Newsroom/World View

NEWSROOM for February 18, 2000

Aired February 18, 2000 - 4:30 a.m. ET


ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.

TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: NEWSROOM ushers you into the weekend. Thanks for joining us, I am Tom Haynes.

RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: And I'm Rudi Bakhtiar. On Today's show, a rock in the sky and rock stars who are fly.

HAYNES: In "Today's News," a potato-shaped rock named Eros, and never before seen up-close views of an asteroid. Find out what the rock has in common with plywood.


ANDREW CHANG, NEAR PROJECT SCIENTIST: We think these are probably 4 1/2 billion years old, and so just being exposed to constant bombardment by meteorites and their asteroids, that is how it gets so heavily cratered.


BAKHTIAR: In today's "Editor's Desk," rock stars and their wardrobes.


TOMMY HILFIGER, SPONSOR, "ROCK STYLE": The rock stars who have had tremendous impact have been rock stars with great music and great style.


HAYNES: We will stay in the realm on art for "Worldview." From the stage to canvas, we show you the colors of an American past, through the eyes of one of its most legendary painters.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I like it because I enjoy art and paintings.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They make it look real, like, not like a painting, but like it is in real life. (END VIDEO CLIP)

BAKHTIAR: We're back on the U.S. political campaign trial in "Chronicle." The CNN Student Bureau tags along with student volunteers who shadow candidate John McCain.


KARL FRISCH, MCCAIN CAMPAIGN VOLUNTEER: Senator McCain is walking door-to-door today, and he would like to meet you. So he is going to come up here and say hello.


HAYNES: We begin today with an amazing story from outer space. This week we told you about an unprecedented rendezvous between an unmanned spacecraft called NEAR, not Mir, and a large asteroid. NEAR, you will remember, began orbiting the asteroid Monday, a first for NASA. Now, stunning images are back of the asteroid flying through space.

An asteroid is any part of a small group of rocks that measure 625 miles, or a thousand kilometers or less in diameter. Like Earth, asteroids orbit the sun and usually travel between Mars and Jupiter.

Now, for the first time, a close-up view of what a giant asteroid looks like.

Ann Kellan reports.


ANN KELLAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It is more than scientists expected, craters, boulders, ridges, science that the asteroid named Eros is a remnant of a bygone planet.

MARK ROBINSON, GEOLOGIST, NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY: We have great stuff. It has been Christmas Day.

KELLAN: NEAR, the name stands for Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous, started orbiting Eros just days ago, and is already starting to solve mysteries about what asteroids are made of and where they come from.

ROBINSON: This is not just a boring rock orbiting the sun. It has got a lot of character of its own.

KELLAN: Like lots of craters, a sign Eros is a very old rock.

ANDREW CHANG, NEAR PROJECT SCIENTIST: We think these are probably 4 1/2 billion years old. So just being exposed to constant bombardment by meteorites and other asteroids, that is how it gets so heavily cratered.

KELLAN: Scientists say Eros has a lot of layers, geologically similar to Earth and other planets. Could it be a piece of a planet too?

CHANG: It is a planet that has disappeared. It was broke into pieces by colliding with another asteroid.

KELLAN: This infrared image, colored by scientists, reveals minerals on Eros, similar to those found on the ocean floor.

JIM BELL, ASTRONOMER, CORNELL UNIVERSITY: These are very common iron and silicon-bearing minerals. We find them on the Earth. We find them on the moon.

KELLAN: And there are mysterious bright spots.

What are the bright spots?

BELL: We don't know, I mean, it is as simple as that, we don't know.

KELLAN: And this is only the beginning of a year-long tour. As NEAR gets closer and closer instruments on-board will get a much more detailed look at the surface of Eros and know its make-up. And this will help scientists better deflect asteroids like Eros, if they are ever headed on a collision course with Earth.

Ann Kellan, CNN, Washington.


HAYNES: Now, as if orbiting an asteroid isn't good enough, NASA scientists are talking about the possibility of landing on one. They say such a mission could be good experimental training, as humans look for ways to explore other planets. One scientist put it this: "If you are going to have a human presence in space, particularly Mars, it might make sense to try out some of these technologies."

BAKHTIAR: When you think of rock 'n' roll, what comes to mind? music? favorite singers or bands? But what about fashion? Well, now, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City and the Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio have teamed up to spotlight rock 'n' roll performers and their influence on styles. The exhibit runs through March 19, and you can see styles and collections from the collections and closets of various artists, including Madonna, Bono, Tina Turner, Lauryn Hill and more.

Bill Tush takes us on a tour.


BILL TUSH, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): There is a story that tells of the time the very flamboyant Liberace told a young Elvis Presley he would stand out from the crowd if he would accessorize. We don't know if that story is true, but when the budding king of rock 'n' roll went on tour in the '50s in this gold lame suit, the ties between rock 'n' roll and fashion would change forever.

TOMMY HILFIGER, SPONSOR, "ROCK STYLE": The rock stars who have had tremendous impact have been rock stars with great music and great style.

TUSH: Fashion designer Tommy Hilfiger is one of the sponsors of "Rock Style," an exhibition of rock 'n' roll fashion at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art.

MYRA WALKER, ASSOC. CURATOR, "ROCK STYLE": You'll find fashions from the stage from 1957 all the way up to the present.

TUSH: Myra Walker, associate curator of the exhibit, took us on a personal tour. And you thought the museum was just statues and paintings. Move over Degas. Kiss is in the house.

WALKER: They sent their own mannequins made up to their own specifications.

TUSH: Mick Jagger sent over a few of his get ups, and right off the cover of "Sgt. Pepper," The Beatles.

(on camera): The Beatles just went out and rented these, right?

WALKER: Right. They were rented from Angels & Berman (ph) in London. They rented them, but then afterwards, they decided to keep them and they decided to buy them from the company.

TUSH (voice-over): Those outfits look kind of tame next to Elton John's frocks.

WALKER: Like the Statue of Liberty, which we borrowed from the Hard Rock Cafe, but it was actually designed by Bob Mackie (ph).

TUSH: While Elton had Mackie, Devo almost looks like a do-it- yourself job.

WALKER: Part of the allure of Devo is that they became almost cult figures in rock and their part of the early '80s new wave sound.

TUSH: No explanations needed for Elvis' famous rhinestone- studded numbers. Well, you might have to explain one.

WALKER: It looks very much almost like a Superfly kind of "Shaft" look. We wanted to show this because it looks so much like sort of the gangsta rap look of today. In what -- in other words, you could actually put this on and walk out in it.

TUSH (on camera): No, I won't.

WALKER: Even though...

TUSH: You can put it on and walk out in it.

(voice-over): From the flash of The King, to the working-man look of The Boss.

(on camera): You're telling me that, that is really Bruce Springsteen's butt size?

WALKER: Absolutely.

TUSH: And that's Prince's "Purple Rain" coat.

WALKER: That's right.

TUSH: "Purple Rain" coat -- not raincoat.

(voice-over): From Bowie to Bono, Madonna to Cher -- this is one exhibit that really has it covered.

Bill Tush, CNN Entertainment News, New York.


ANNOUNCER: You are watching CNN NEWSROOM, seen in schools around the world, because learning never stops and neither does the news.

HAYNES: Well, we took you on a museum tour in our daily desk. Well, now get set for another one in "Worldview." This time, we will visit a traveling exhibit featuring the works of a renowned American illustrator. But before we line up to look at the drawings, we will head the Holy Land. Many pilgrims on their way to the Middle East.

BAKHTIAR: Since the earliest records of history, man fought many a war for religion and shed much blood in the name of faith. American writer Mark Twain wrote, "A man is accepted into a church for what he believes and he is turned out for what he knows."

And the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche once said, "If a man has a strong faith, he can indulge in the luxury of skepticism."

So why the skepticism? Walter Rodgers takes us to the Holy Land to find out.


WALTER RODGERS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Winter sunrise over the Sea of Galilee, a timeless vista that has changed little in the two millennia since Jesus walked and healed here. Galilee, cradle of Christianity, for many Christians, sacred space.

FATHER MURPHY O'CONNOR, ECOLE BIBLIQUE: Christians feel more at home in Galilee. It's more peaceful. It's tranquil. They can get some sense of spirituality.

UNIDENTIFIED CHRISTIAN: You get that sense of awe and reverence that you're coming to a place where Jesus walked.

RODGERS: Amid the ruins of Bedseda (ph), millennial pilgrims can literally walk the same stones, enter the rooms where Jesus ate and slept.

At Capernium, Christians come to what is now billed as Jesus' town on the Sea of Galilee. In one of these dwellings, Luke tells us Jesus raised Jairus' daughter from the dead; in another a paralytic man was healed, and the crippled still come hoping. Few holy sites rival Capernium for Christians. The disciple Simon Peter's house is among those stones.

FATHER MURPHY O'CONNOR, ECOLE BIBLIQUE: This is where Jesus live when he took up space, lodged in the house of Simon and Andrew.

RODGERS: And pilgrims are coming again, as they have for 2,000 years, seeking spiritual uplift.

O'CONNOR: They hope that they will feel closer to Jesus, they will pray better and be better people. That's why they came at the risk of their lives, because up to the 20th century it was a two to one chance that you wouldn't get home alive.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It's a wonderful feeling to get here. It really makes the Bible come to life.

RODGERS: Pilgrims pulled by the Galilee. But for those seeking Jesus in Jerusalem, a very, different context.

O'CONNOR: In Jerusalem, in the Old City, it is so crowded, you're solicited, you're pushed, you're yelled at. I tell them that this is exactly what happened to Jesus. This is the reaction he got in the Old City.

RODGERS: Jerusalem's Old City today not so old streets and walls built less than 500 years ago. And when these priests walk the way of the cross every Friday, it's a 16th century road laid out by those who wanted to believe Jesus walked here. This shop keeper has seen pilgrims by the millions.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's a matter of faith. I mean when you want to believe in something, you do believe in it.

RODGERS: The pool of Bethesda, where Jesus healed a man lame from his mother's womb. Lazarus' tomb, the real thing. Still, the gospels record few miracles in Jerusalem. Archaeologists dispute whether this church is the actual site of the crucifixion and some warn of the risk of graven imagery in revering stones.

FATHER PHILIP JOHNSON, UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST: And so to put any more significance on these stones than the stones that I walk on every day at home is to misunderstand God's grace. Is this place holy? Yes, because every place is holy.

RODGERS (on camera): Scholars say the term "holy land" does not appear in the Bible. It's a later Christian invention. The five books of Moses speak of the land of Canaan, not of the land of Israel.

(voice-over): And some theologians see risks in revering real estate.

RABBI DAVID HARTMAN, HARTMAN PEACE INSTITUTE: I would say the death blow to a spirituality which demands personal responsibility and personal accountability in terms of the way you live.

RODGERS: How might Jesus have seen it? PROF. MENACHEM HIRSCHMAN, HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM: I think Jesus' emphasis was on a holy life. Jesus lived within Israel. I think Jesus thought that it was a holy place, but I think Jesus emphasized the holy life.

RODGERS: Baptism and commitment. For the millions of pilgrims bound for this land called holy, perhaps these places are sacred because we want them so: a river called Jordan, Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity, where tradition holds Jesus was born in the grotto below. And Jerusalem, holy perhaps because Jews, Christians and Muslims made it so with their blood, their battles and their faith.

Walter Rodgers, CNN, Jerusalem.


HAYNES: Next stop, the museum. We spotlight a travelling exhibition currently making its way around the United States. It features the works of renowned illustrator Norman Rockwell, an American artist born in 1894. The Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, the artist's old stomping grounds, has the world's largest collection of his works, and some of them are on loan to other museums for the tour. For more on Rockwell, check your NEWSROOM archives for November 24.

Now here's Carolyn O'Neil with a tour of the travelling show.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Well, I think it's been excellent. It's very realistic, the detail -- the level of detail that he captures in each of the paintings is just remarkable.

UNIDENTIFIED MAKE: Because he represents so many people and people see themselves.

CAROLYN O'NEIL, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): With paintings from the Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge, Massachusetts and other collections, Pictures for the American People is traveling to seven cities starting in Atlanta's High Museum of Art. After stops in Chicago, Washington, San Diego, Phoenix and Stockbridge, the tour ends at New York's Guggenheim Museum in February, 2002.

ANNE KNUTSON, CO-CURATOR, NORMAN ROCKWELL "PICTURES FOR THE AMERICAN PEOPLE": So it's going all over the country and that's really exciting because half of the works in the collection came from the Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge and that's kind of a hard place to get to. So we're giving these works, which are seldom seen, a broad exposure.

UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I like it because I enjoy art and paintings.

UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: It makes it look real -- it makes it look real, like not like a painting but like it's in real life.

UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Yes. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Oh, it's so great. It's very impressive.

KNUTSON: You have people who've never been in a museum before coming here and so into and excited about looking at his works. You also have the art establishment -- and this has been really fun -- looking at his works for the first time ever and saying, gee, this guy is really worthy of study.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When you're looking at the painting, you can't really tell if the texture is painted or if it's real. It's just, it's incredibly lifelike.

O'NEIL: An actual pin pierces the diaper painted on the canvas of Babysitter with Screaming Infant and sand was rubbed into the paint to add texture to the wall in The Discovery. This couple, invited to meet Rockwell at his Stockbridge studio in 1956, share their memories.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: When we went into his studio to visit with him, this was the painting that he was doing at the time. Then he actually took white whiskers and he added the white whiskers to the Santa Claus' beard. And I just thought when he was depicting how he went about all of this we just found it very, very fascinating.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And he was a wonderful man.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Very, very nice.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Friendly and cordial.

O'NEIL (on camera): For nearly 50 years, Rockwell's art arrived in American homes on the cover of the "Saturday Evening Post," the first magazine to reach one million subscribers. He called it the greatest shop window in America.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Going back and looking at some of the old covers of the "Saturday Evening Post," I don't remember some of 'em. It was great.

O'NEIL: (voice-over): And there were a lot to remember: 322 to be exact, all included in the exhibit.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Our family had a subscription to the "Saturday Evening Post" so we always looked forward to his next cover.

KNUTSON: And one of the things that I love about this show is that you have works that walk us back through the decades, giving us senses of the fads and, again, the kind of daily issues that preoccupied Americans. New TV Antenna was painted in 1949, the year of peak television sales in the United States. So he would take, you know, big concerns or issues or in this case how the TV was transforming daily life and make them the subject of his covers.

O'NEIL: Rockwell became known for capturing life's humorous and poignant moments. And then he used his brush to provide more serious social commentary. 1964's The Problem We All Live With depicts a young black girl being escorted by federal marshals in the early days of desegregation. In 1969, Rockwell captured the American spirit in space with The Final Impossibility: Man's Tracks on the Moon.

But his documentation of life's simple wonders will always be uniquely Norman Rockwell.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Because he's like, you're right, he paints what life is.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He was a master not only of painting, but of depicting people in different moods, times and settings, and he will sorely be missed but he has left a legacy to the American people that will live on forever.

O'NEIL: Though Norman Rockwell died in 1978 at the age of 84, the laughter elicited by this exhibit may act as a tonic to smooth the way into the 21st century.

Carolyn O'Neil, CNN, Atlanta.


ANNOUNCER: Teachers, make the most of CNN NEWSROOM with our free daily classroom guide to the program. There you'll find a rundown of each day's show so you choose just the program segment that fits your lesson plan. Plus, there are discussion questions and activities, and the guide highlights key people, places and news terms. Each day, find hot links to other online resources and previews of upcoming desk segments. It's all at this Web address, where you can also sign up to have the guide automatically e-mailed to you each day. It's easy, it's free, it's your curriculum connection to the news. After all, the news never stops, and neither does learning.

BAKHTIAR: This week, CNN Student Bureau takes a closer look at the U.S. presidential campaign. On the Democratic side, Vice President Al Gore met with the nation's largest labor group in New Orleans, Louisiana yesterday. Bill Bradley spent time in New England campaigning for stricter gun control. As for the Republican, both Texas Governor George W. Bush and Senator John McCain of Arizona are predicting victory in this weekend's South Carolina primary. Polls show they're in a dead heat.

For our viewers in the United States, CNN will have live coverage of the primaries throughout the day, beginning at 8:00 a.m. Eastern time Saturday morning.

The final decision may hinge on voter turnout. Campaign 2000 is attracting political minds of all ages. CNN Student Bureau recently spent the day with Karl Frisch, a 21-year-old campaign volunteer. Here's a look at his work behind the scenes.


KARL FRISCH, MCCAIN CAMPAIGN VOLUNTEER: My name is Karl Frisch, 21. It's going to be a very long day, not a lot of sleep, up at the crack of dawn, going to bed at the crack of dawn, and a lot of hard work and hopefully setting up a whole bunch of new volunteers for the campaign. We are driving to Florence, South Carolina and we're going to set up for an event -- small event. We're expecting some volunteers to come out.

Congressman Graham and Congressman Sanford are going to walk that way down that street and come back this way.

SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R-AZ), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: We don't have the money that the Bush campaign has. They're outspending us seven, eight, 10 to one, and so clearly our volunteers, particularly the young people, are really making a critical difference in this campaign.

FRISCH: Senator McCain and Congressman Lindsey Graham, and Senator Fred Thompson and Mrs. McCain are here, and they're going to do some door-knocking today, some good-old-fashion politics.

MCCAIN: Hi, how are you?


FRISCH: There's nothing like working on a presidential campaign: 150 people, two buses, the media following around one person who's running for one office.

Senator McCain is walking door-to-door today...


FRISCH: ... and he'd like to meet you. So he's going to come up here and say hello.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK, that'll be fine.

FRISCH: Great.

I've had a lot of fun and it's a lot of hard work, but at the same time, I don't think I've regretted one moment of it.

We'll get in the car and go to the Darlington Speedway, which is for a town hall meeting.

If you get involved in a campaign, specifically an election where you're victorious, you really get a sense of being there and doing something that's better than yourself.

He's 63-years-old, I'm 21 and I have trouble keeping up with the man.

MCCAIN: Is that fun or what?

FRISCH: Hi, Linda. This is Karl Frisch with Senator McCain's presidential campaign. We're trying to sign up people to help out on election day as precinct captains.

Right now, I'm updating the South Carolina Web site. It's been a very long day, and only 5:00 in the afternoon, but I'm good to go for another six hours.

There's a little joke that some of the younger campaign people have. We say, friends don't let friends work in politics.

We are handing out fliers, going from car to car, putting them on windshields, getting phone calls.

Hello. I don't see it. I don't see where all the other volunteers...

George Bush Sr. doing lit. drops.

I think if I leave this with anything, it's at least a little bit of satisfaction knowing that we have all these events all over the state and so many college students and young people turn out to these events.


SHELLEY WALCOTT, CO-HOST: It's about the electoral process.

ANDY JORDAN, CO-HOST: Image making to exit polls.

BAKHTIAR: It's about the political process.

HAYNES: From how you can get involved to the presidential debates.

WALCOTT: It's about the political parties.

JORDAN: It's about public opinion and the polls.

BAKHTIAR: It's about the power of voting.

HAYNES: It's about "Democracy in America."

Well, "Chronicle" continues now. You know, there are many religions and many ways of practicing them. But in Ventura, California, one minister is bringing God to kids in a unique way.

Jim Hill has the story.


JIM HILL, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Many parents might look at 175 teenage skateboarders and envision nothing but chaos.

UNIDENTIFIED TEENAGER: It's just that it's so fun once you start you can't stop.

HILL: But the man who organized this apparent bedlam believes the kids are in God's hands.

REV. RYAN DELAMATER, FIRST ASSEMBLY OF GOD: And for the next couple moments, I want to ask you guys to tune in, OK? So let's all bow our heads real quick. We're going to pray. HILL: First Assembly of God Minister Ryan Delamater calls his Tuesday night meetings boarding for the Lord.

DELAMATER: I believe in the kids, you know? I don't -- skateboarders, surfers, snow boarders, basketball players.

HILL: A surfer and skateboarder for nearly half his 25 years, Reverend Delamater says it's natural for him to minister to youngsters.

UNIDENTIFIED TEENAGER: The pastor is just like the best guy you could ever meet. He hangs out with all the kids.

HILL: Eight months ago, the owners of Ventura, California's Skate Street opened their doors for free each Tuesday night to any kids who'd listen to Delamater's 20 minute sermon.

DELAMATER: Are you ready to commit yourself to being a godly person? And if you fall on your face and if you mess up, are you willing to get back up and never quit?

TIM GARRETY, SKATE STREET CO-OWNER: People are realizing, especially in the church culture, that they're way behind the times and people like Ryan are more cutting-edge.

HILL: Of course, some kids are just there to save the normal admission fee. But there are plenty of helmeted heads bowed in prayer and attentive faces during the sermon.

DELAMATER: Being a godly person and being a person of, you know, integrity and stuff, that's the most important thing, you know? So that's what I guess I hope they walk away with.

HILL: Or skate away with.

Jim Hill, CNN, Ventura, California.


HAYNES: What a great program.

BAKHTIAR: That's right.

HAYNES: NEWSROOM's special Black History Month programming continues next week. Monday, our very own Shelley Walcott examines how modern American culture affects black women's perceptions of beauty and themselves.

BAKHTIAR: Also next week,'s Black History Month Webcast series called "Full Circle" continues on Wednesday the 23rd. The topic role models. The chat is from 11:00 to noon Eastern time. Head for for more information and to take part. On the 29th, the topic is entertainment and the future. So...

HAYNES: Sounds like a lot of fun.

BAKHTIAR: ... will you be taking part in that chat?

HAYNES: No, I will be on the slopes, thankfully.

BAKHTIAR: That's more fun.

HAYNES: See you.



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