d. Hydrometer reading: The hydrometer reading, which measures alcohol percentage and specific gravity in the beer, will need to be used taken at least two times. First a reading is taken before the yeast is added to the unfermented beer and after about seven days to determine if the fermentation process has completed.
Fill tube or cylinder (that comes with the hydrometer) about three-quarters full with beer solution. Drop hydrometer in tube. When hydrometer has stopped bobbing and is still, record numbers on potential alcohol and specific gravity scales. The potential alcohol reading will indicate how strong the alcohol content is in the beer. The specific gravity shows how dense the beer is. If bubbles may form around the hydrometer twirl the hydrometer until bubbles settle against the side of the tube.
Make sure to write these numbers down as you will need to compare these readings with ones taken later.