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THE ISSUES / ENVIRONMENT & ENERGY
The Candidates:
• George W. Bush
• John Kerry
• Ralph Nader
• Third Parties
Showdown States:
The Conventions:
• Democratic
• Republican
The Primaries
• The Candidates
• The Delegates
View Results by:
• The Money
• The Issues
• Primary Explainer


<img src="http://i.a.cnn.net/cnn/ELECTION/2004/special/president/issues/nav/noflash.byissues.gif" width="622" height="55" border="0" usemap="#theIss">
Editor's note: This chart features brief summaries of candidates' viewpoints on some issues, based on their statements and records. Most candidates have offered more comprehensive explanations of their positions on these and other issues. More information may be found on their campaign Web sites.
Drilling in ANWR
Alternative fuels
Energy policy
Gas mileage requirements
No public stand, but critical of Bush's environmental policy
Favors tax breaks to spur investment in alternative fuels
Backs cutting reliance on fossil fuels, touting alternatives
Supports strengthening emission controls
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge
Favors 20% of electricity generated by renewable energy by 2020
Update electrical grid; diversify energy sources; engage other nations
Bolster fuel efficiency standards; promote hybrid vehicles
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge
Develop renewable energy sources; foster efficiency
Undo Bush policies; end conflicts of interest; open energy market
End SUV gas mileage exemptions; give conservation incentives
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge
Support more use of ethanol as alternative to oil
Cut R&D funding for major oil companies
Supports increasing requirements for cars
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge, offshore drilling
Mandate use of renewable energy (wind, solar, biomass, etc.)
Spur U.S. energy independence, domestic oil, gas production
Fuel efficiency incentives; move to hybrid cars, hydrogen fuel
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge, offshore drilling
Promotes clean, renewable fuel sources, especially ethanol
Backs cutting use, foreign dependence; upgrading power grid
Supports better fuel economy, ethanol, hydrogen cars
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge
Promotes clean, renewable fuel sources, especially ethanol
Set goals, incentives to reduce dependence on fossil fuels
Push new gas requirements, hybrid cars, hydrogen fuel
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge
Research, invest in making mainstream renewable fuels
Expand public ownership of utilities, revise regulations
Supports efforts to reduce gasoline emissions
Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge
Supports funds, tax credit for fuel cells, hybrid cars
Kick foreign oil by 2023, up efficiency, new technology
Supports increasing mileage requirements
No public position
Support building of hybrid and electric vehicles
Would push for a cap on carbon dioxide emissions
Would raise average requirement to 45 miles per gallon
Favors opening refuge for gas and oil exploration, drilling
Proposed $1.7 billion to develop hydrogen-powered fuel cells
Supports market-based solution to improve air quality
Supports 1.5 mpg increase for SUVs, light trucks by 2007
Drilling in ANWR
Alternative fuels
Energy policy
Gas mileage requirements
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NOTE
• AG: Attorney General; ANWR: Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; CAFÉ: Standards that provide tax and other incentives for consumers to purchase and alternative fuel vehicles; COPS: Community Oriented Policing Program; DOMA: Defense of Marriage Act; GLBT: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgendered; NCLB: No Child Left Behind; NMD: National Missile Defense.
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