[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Tennessee - 9th District

Harold E. Ford Jr. (D-Tenn.)

Born: May 11, 1970, Memphis, Tenn.
Education: U. of Pennsylvania, B.A. 1992; U. of Michigan, J.D. 1996.
Occupation: Law clerk.
Family: Single.
Religion: Baptist.
Political Career: No previous office.
Capitol Office: 1523 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-3265.

By Congressional Quarterly

Born 10 months after Americans first set foot on the moon, Ford is the first member of Congress to have been born during the 1970s. But Ford is poised beyond his years and promises to lend a strong voice to liberal causes.

Ford'S1996 campaign buttons and tee-shirts simply said "Jr."; voters in Memphis knew they were choosing Democrat Harold E. Ford's son to succeed him. The elder Ford, who held the seat for 11 terms, served as his son's campaign coordinator.

Ford Jr., who speaks in clipped, rapid-fire tones that will be familiar to observers of his father, nevertheless took pains during the campaign year to prove himself his own man, to point out that he had his own opinions.

"I took advantage of my opportunities," he told the Seattle Times. "If I went out and said, I'm Harold Ford Jr., and I couldn't construct a sentence, nobody would vote for me. You can't inherit it. You've got to go out and earn it."

Ford said he had had his eye on the seat ever since cutting a radio ad for his father's first campaign at the age of 4. His mother reported that he raised his hand along with members being sworn in for the 94th Congress and announced, "This is what I want to do when I grow up."

Ford will have a chance to make a name for himself in Congress from a seat on the Commerce Committee. He worked briefly in the Commerce Department as a special assistant to the late Commerce Secretary Ronald H. Brown.

His father was a point man in the Democratic opposition to Republican efforts to overhaul social programs, notably welfare. But Ford campaigned on the idea of "reforming" the welfare system before the Republican 104th Congress overhauled it.

Still, Ford harshly attacked Republicans as he defended affirmative action and government programs for the poor. "If Republicans can defend [Supreme Court Justice] Clarence Thomas, Democrats can defend affirmative action," he said.

Ford stressed his commitment to education during the 1996 race, advocating what he termed a "new vision" that would entail providing computers and Internet access for every classroom in the country. Ford also stated his belief that pharmaceutical companies should bear some of the burden of reducing the growth of Medicare spending.

He is a stalwart defender of other social spending programs such as Head Start, Goals 2000 and Safe and Drug Free Schools education programs.

He also backs Democratic efforts to preserve environmentally sensitive areas such as the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska and to put more police officers on the street. He describes increased funding for prison construction as a short-term solution to the crime problem, which he says would be better combated by an increase in jobs and job training.

Ford trumpeted his stances when he appeared before the elderly at "Seniors for Junior" events and also at schools. Memphis Mayor W.W. Herenton, a political rival of the Ford family, attempted to prevent Ford's inheritance of the seat, but to no avail.

Herenton openly shopped for a heavy-hitting politician to back for a run against Ford, but could not recruit his top-choice candidates. He settled on state Rep. Rufus Jones, the brother of Herenton's former wife. Jones highlighted his experience in contrast with the young Ford, who had only graduated from law school two months ahead of the Democratic primary, but to no avail. Jones finished in the single digits.

The second-place finisher turned out to be state Sen. Steve Cohen. Ford and Jones are black, and Cohen hoped they would split the African-American vote. Cohen, who is white, proved to be too liberal to appeal to the district's white voters. Although voting in Memphis has tended to break along racial lines, many of the white voters are Republicans.

The Republican candidate, Rod DeBerry, proved to be no more of a challenge for the younger Ford than he had been for Harold Ford Sr. in 1994.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Texas - 1st District

Max Sandlin (D-Texas)

Born: Sept. 29, 1952, Texarkana, Texas.
Education: Baylor U., B.A. 1975, J.D. 1978.
Occupation: Lawyer; county judge; fuel company executive.
Family: Wife, Leslie; four children.
Religion: Baptist.
Political Career: Harrison County Democratic party chair, 1984- 86; Harrison County judge, 1986-89; Harrison County Court at-law judge, 1989-96.
Capitol Office: 214 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-3035.

By Congressional Quarterly

Sandlin sees himself as "the chief marketing agent for the district," someone who should push for ways to strengthen the local economy and create jobs.

During his campaign for Congress, Sandlin promoted himself as the best person to bring "East Texas values" to Washington. He stressed his work in the community as a county-court-at-law judge, where he dealt with criminal and civil cases, and as a county administrator.

He touted his ability to cut taxes as county administrator and promised to support efforts to do the same in Congress. He backs targeted tax cuts, including a reduction in the capital gains tax, as well as tax credits aimed at creating jobs and enabling more students to attend college.

Sandlin also wants to look to other ways to help businesses create more jobs. He advocates "sunset" legislation that would require federal agencies and rules to be examined periodically. He says regulations should be reviewed for their cost effectiveness and terminated if no longer needed.

One of Sandlin's strongest attacks against his GOP opponent, lawyer Ed Merritt, was his claim that the Republican backed proposals to reduce the growth in spending on Medicare and education. At the same time, Sandlin pledged to find "common sense" solutions to the problems facing Medicare and Social Security and said he would oppose cutting Medicare benefits. Sandlin says any major reductions in Medicare spending could have a disastrous effect on the district's small-town hospitals.

Sandlin had hoped to land a spot on the Commerce or the Resources committees, but instead was given a seat on the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, a more typical starting point for a freshman.

Sandlin waged a long and expensive battle to claim the seat being vacated by Democrat Jim Chapman, who decided against seeking re-election to the House to run for the Democratic Senate nomination, a bid that proved to be unsuccessful.

In the primary, Sandlin faced two other Democratic contenders but wound up in a runoff race with lawyer Jo Ann Howard. Both candidates dug deep into their pockets, spending hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Howard accused Sandlin of ethical violations by campaigning for Congress while still serving as county-court-at-law judge. Texas state law requires county officials to resign their office when they become candidates for state or federal office.

Sandlin countered that Howard was misrepresenting the truth, noting that he had been asked by county officials and was legally required to stay on the job until a replacement could be found. Sandlin, who had the backing in the runoff of Chapman, struck back by claiming that Howard moved back to the district to run for Congress after living in Austin in recent years.

In the fall campaign, Sandlin faced off against Merritt. After taking the district in some recent statewide elections, Republicans saw Chapman's departure as an opportunity to claim the long- Democratic territory.

Both candidates tried to paint the other as representing the extreme ends of his party. Sandlin assailed Merritt for supporting GOP budget proposals and other initiatives, saying his views were too conservative for the district. At the same time, Merritt claimed Sandlin was a liberal masquerading as a conservative Democrat and pointed to an appearance on his behalf by President Clinton.

Despite enduring a much more bitter primary battle, Sandlin's name identification was much higher than Merritt's given his television advertisement battle with Howard.

He also had a stronger base of support to work from than Merritt, capturing nearly four times as many votes in the Democratic primary runoff than the total cast in the GOP contest.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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