[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
New Jersey - 12th District

Mike Pappas (R-N.J.)

Born: Dec. 29, 1960, New Brunswick, N.J.
Education: Seton Hall U., attended 1979.
Occupation: Insurance agent.
Family: Divorced; one child.
Religion: Christian.
Political Career: Franklin Township Council, 1982-87; mayor of Franklin Township, 1983-84; Somerset County freeholder, 1984-97.
Capitol Office: 1710 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-5801.

By Congressional Quarterly

The 12th District of New Jersey usually sends moderate Republicans to Congress, such as the previous occupant of the seat, Dick Zimmer. But not Pappas. He is an ardent foe of abortion and a strong supporter of gun owners' rights.

A member of the Somerset County government, he was the only abortion opponent in a four-way primary for the GOP nomination to succeed Zimmer, who gave up the seat for a chance to succeed retiring Sen. Bill Bradley, a Democrat. (Zimmer lost to Democratic Rep. Robert G. Torricelli.)

The two leading contenders in the House race, state Sen. John Bennett and state Rep. Leonard Lance, were moderate supporters of abortion rights, in the mold of Zimmer and Gov. Christine Todd Whitman. Indeed, a majority of the Republican primary voters appeared to show the moderate stripes. Bennett and Lance combined polled 60 percent of the vote. But Pappas, with 38 percent, finished first. Bennett took 34 percent to finish second.

Pappas' conservatism gave Democrats an opening in the Republican district, and they attempted to drive through it with Lambertville Mayor David Del Vecchio. Emphasizing his support for abortion rights, and his fiscally conservative record as mayor, Del Vecchio tried to attract moderate Republicans and independents to his Democratic base.

During the campaign, it was Del Vecchio, not Pappas, who sent out a release trumpeting the National Rifle Association's characterization of the Republican nominee as "a true believer."

For his part, Pappas tried to push Del Vecchio to the left, insisting that he was a tax-and-spend liberal, and trying to link him to former Gov. James J. Florio, whose 1990 tax increase still is reviled by many New Jersey voters.

As a sign of how seriously both parties were taking the election, both presidential candidates visited the district.

In the end, though, the district's Republican heritage was too much for Del Vecchio to overcome. However, he did manage to hold Pappas well below the 65 percent support that Zimmer averaged during his three congressional races.

For Pappas, it was the culmination of a political career that began at age 19 when he joined the Franklin Township Planning Board. He was elected to the town council two years later and became a member of the Somerset County Board of Chosen Freeholders two years after that.

During the campaign, Pappas eagerly embraced Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole's proposal to reduce the federal income tax by 15 percent across the board and can be expected to support tax-cutting efforts in the 105th Congress.

Pappas also is expected to vote more in line with the conservatives who dominate the House Republican conference than with his New Jersey GOP colleagues who largely tend to occupy slots in the party's moderate wing.

For example, four New Jersey lawmakers were among only 10 Republican House members who voted against a reconciliation bill designed to reach a balanced budget by 2002 through reductions in the growth of Medicare and Medicaid spending. Unlike them, Pappas said he would have supported the measure.

He backs constitutional amendments requiring a balanced budget and requiring a two-thirds majority of both houses of Congress to raise taxes. Presidential candidate Malcolm S. "Steve" Forbes Jr. campaigned for him.

His election to Congress was welcomed by fellow New Jersey Rep. Christopher H. Smith, one of the House's leading opponents of abortion.

Just as he succeeded Zimmer in the House, Pappas lobbied to succeed him on the House Ways and Means Committee. Zimmer was the only New Jersey Republican on the powerful panel.

Instead, Pappas was named to the Government Reform and Oversight, National Security and Small Business committees.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Nevada - 2nd District

Jim Gibbons (R-Nev.)

Born: Dec. 16, 1944, Sparks, Nev.
Education: U. of Nevada, Reno, B.S. 1967, M.S. 1973; Southwestern U., J.D. 1979.
Military Service: Air Force, 1967-71; Nev. Air National Guard, 1975-95.
Occupation: Airline pilot; lawyer; mining company owner; geologist.
Family: Wife, Dawn; three children.
Religion: Protestant.
Political Career: Nev. Assembly, 1989-93, minority whip, 1993; Republican nominee for governor, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1116 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-6155.

By Congressional Quarterly

It did Gibbons no harm that he shared the November ballot with his own amendment to the state constitution requiring a two-thirds vote of the legislature for any tax increase. In tax-sensitive Nevada, both the amendment and its author won handily.

Gibbons, who had drafted the measure in 1993 while still a state assemblyman, promised to take his brand of fiscal restraint to Washington, bolstering the ranks of Republican budget-cutters.

But Gibbons also drew some sharp distinctions with House GOP leaders. For one thing, he supports abortion rights. And in the closing weeks of his campaign, mindful of the retirees from California flooding into his state, Gibbons said he did not support a Republican plan to limit the growth of the Medicare program.

Helped by a seat on the Resources Committee, Gibbons will join Nevada's other representative, Republican John Ensign, in opposing efforts to set up a temporary depository for nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain in the state. The measure passed the Senate in the last Congress but did not come up for a vote in the House.

A former Air Force combat pilot -- he won a Distinguished Flying Cross in Vietnam and served in the Persian Gulf War with the Nevada Air National Guard -- Gibbons also should be at home on the National Security Committee.

Thanks to a race for governor in 1994, which he lost to Gov. Bob Miller, Gibbons was the best known of the Republican candidates who jumped into the House race when veteran Republican Rep. Barbara F. Vucanovich in 1996 announced her retirement after seven terms.

He also had the broadest resume. Educated as a geologist, then as a lawyer, Gibbons spent four years in the Air Force at the height of the Vietnam War, 20 in the Air National Guard and the past decade as a Delta Air Lines pilot. He was in the state Assembly for four years.

In the primary, Gibbons faced former House Counsel Cheryl Lau and former Lander County District Attorney Patty Cafferata, Vucanovich's daughter-in-law.

Gibbons had defeated Lau in 1994 to win the Republican gubernatorial nomination. Lau came to Washington in 1995 to work for the new House Republican majority, but left a year later to return to her native state and run for Vucanovich's seat. Cafferata ran for governor in 1986, losing to Richard H. Bryan, now a senator. Adding to the twists and turns was the fact that the two women, Lau and Cafferata, were anti-abortion while Gibbons supported abortion rights.

In a race decided mainly on the tax issue, Gibbons won and became the favorite in the Republican-leaning district that takes in the entire state except for the city of Las Vegas and some of its suburbs.

But the Democrats put up a fight with former state Sen. Thomas "Spike" Wilson, chairman of Nevada's ethics commission.

Gibbons campaigned on a host of conservative issues, calling for lower taxes, a balanced budget, term limits and fewer federal regulations.

Gibbons backed Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole's proposed 15 percent income tax cut, and most of the GOP's budget plan.

He also emphasized crime issues, calling for a reserve police officers training corps, like the ROTC for the military, in which students would receive college scholarships if they agree to serve in law enforcement after graduation.

A supporter of efforts to return federal programs to the states, Gibbons said local officials know better than the federal government how to spend the money they get from Washington. Likewise, he backed the welfare overhaul bill signed into law in the last Congress.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

AllPolitics home page


Copyright © 1997 AllPolitics All Rights Reserved
Terms under which this information is provided to you