[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
North Carolina - 2nd District

Bob Etheridge (D-N.C.)

Born: Aug. 7, 1941, Sampson County, N.C.
Education: Campbell U., B.S 1965; North Carolina State U., attended.
Military Service: U.S. Army, 1965-67.
Occupation: Hardware store owner; tobacco farmer.
Family: Wife, Faye; three children.
Religion: Presbyterian.
Political Career: Harnett County commissioner, 1973-77; N.C. House, 1979-87; superintendent of public instruction.
Capitol Office: 1641 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-4531.

By Congressional Quarterly

Like many of his fellow Democrats in the Class of 1996, Etheridge brings significant political experience to Washington, having served in both local and state government since entering politics more than two decades ago.

Most recently, Etheridge was North Carolina's superintendent of public instruction, a position he occupied for two four-year terms.

During his tenure as the state's top educator, Etheridge championed the needs of educationally disadvantaged students and worked to strengthen curricula in the state's school system.

Before that, Etheridge served eight years in the North Carolina General Assembly, where he chaired the House Appropriations Committee.

A hardware store owner and part-time tobacco farmer, Etheridge first entered politics in 1972, winning election to the Harnett County Board of Commissioners, where he served for four years, the last two as chairman.

In Congress, Etheridge says he will continue to be a voice for programs aimed at assisting poor and otherwise disadvantaged children.

He has also pledged to pursue policies to expand students' access to higher education.

Reflecting the importance of farming to his district, however, Etheridge sought and received a seat on the Agriculture Committee, a spot from which he will spend a significant amount of time trying to protect the interests of tobacco farmers at home.

Etheridge also will serve on the Science Committee.

While in tune with the Clinton administration on most educational and social policies, Etheridge, who is adamantly opposed to White House proposals to regulate tobacco as a drug, may find himself frequently at odds with the executive branch on this issue.

When state and national Democrats in 1996 went looking for a well-known, seasoned candidate to take on freshman Republican Rep. David Funderburk, they did not have to look far to find Etheridge, who was limited to two terms as the state school chief.

Funderburk, a former ambassador to Romania during the Reagan administration, was viewed as vulnerable by Democrats. The incumbent was a zealous supporter of the conservative agenda proposed by House Republicans in the 104th Congress.

Just as many other Democrats around the country did, Etheridge seized on the issue by suggesting Funderburk would seriously weaken entitlement programs, such as Medicare, Social Security and Medicaid, if re-elected to a second term.

Etheridge also benefited from the fact that Funderburk was one of more than 60 lawmakers targeted for defeat by the AFL-CIO. As a result, Funderburk faced an unending storm of negative television commercials attacking him for supporting House Republican proposals to alter the nation's environmental laws, reduce funding for worker safety initiatives and decrease spending on education programs such as Head Start, Safe and Drug-Free Schools, and Title I for the educationally disadvantaged.

Despite such attacks, Funderburk remained formidable. In the campaign's closing weeks, Etheridge produced a television commercial that revived a year-old story about Funderburk that undermined his credibility and questioned his truthfulness.

The ad stemmed from a 1995 auto accident in North Carolina in which Funderburk initially claimed his wife was driving, then later accepted legal responsibility by pleading no contest to a charge of driving left-of-center.

Witnesses to the accident said they saw Funderburk driving the vehicle. Funderburk and his wife, however, continued to insist that she was driving.

With sufficient doubt raised in voters' minds about Funderburk's politics and his veracity, Etheridge won the contest by a comfortable margin.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

North Carolina - 4th District

David E. Price (D-N.C.)

Born: Aug. 17, 1940, Erwin, Tenn.
Education: Mars Hill College, 1957-59; U. of North Carolina, B.A. 1961; Yale U., B.D. 1964, Ph.D. 1969.
Occupation: Professor.
Family: Wife, Lisa; two children.
Religion: Baptist.
Political Career: N.C. Democratic Party chairman, 1983-84; U.S. House, 1987-95; Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1994.
Capitol Office: 2162 Rayburn Bldg. 20515; 225-1784.

By Congressional Quarterly

Price, a former four-term House member who was swept out of office in the Republican wave of 1994, returns to Capitol Hill for the 105th Congress after two years of involuntary exile.

A political scientist by training, Price earned his old job back by ousting Republican Fred Heineman, the sometimes controversial freshman who scored an upset victory over Price in 1994 to grab the seat for the GOP. The 4th was one of the bellwethers of the Democrats' efforts to reverse their 1994 electoral debacle, particularly in the South.

But although he is back in Washington, Price returns to an institution much different from the one he left.

For the first time in his legislative career, for instance, Price will be serving in the minority. Democrats were the majority party for 40 years before 1994.

Easing the pain somewhat, Price has been reassigned to the powerful Appropriations Committee, where he served before his 1994 defeat.

From that post, Price may have a chance to influence spending that could impact the Research Triangle, a high-tech area in northeastern North Carolina that includes Raleigh, the state capital, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

With his previous legislative experience, Price, a self- described moderate, says the political atmosphere has seldom been better for centrist lawmakers of both parties to reach across party lines to get things done.

In addition to his calls for bipartisanship, however, Price says he now has a better understanding of how Washington looks to his constituents.

After his loss to Heineman in 1994, many Democrats quietly said Price had become aloof and too removed from the realities people face.

In hindsight, Price agrees and says he has been chastened by the experience and will work to solve problems in the next Congress.

Price says his priorities will be pushing for tax credits for college tuition, saving Medicare from insolvency and revamping the health care insurance system with incremental changes instead of a dramatic overhaul as proposed by President Clinton in 1993.

Price also is firmly committed to balancing the budget, favors some calls for a balanced-budget constitutional amendment, and remains a solid supporter of the death penalty.

If voters in the 4th District were trying to send Price a wake- up call in 1994, then it appeared he took their message to heart in 1996.

Unlike his previous House campaigns, Price took to the streets of his district in 1996, launching a door-to-door, personal contact campaign that became the linchpin of his comeback effort.

While he did spend a significant amount of time out in the community, Price pulled his punches somewhat until fairly late in the election season because Heineman was ill for several weeks and unable to campaign.

But when Heineman, a former Raleigh police chief, recovered sufficiently to return to the campaign trail, Price unloaded on him.

For example, Price ran a television commercial suggesting Heineman lived on another planet because the Republican said in 1995 that families earning between $300,000 and $750,000 a year were in the middle class.

Heineman responded with television ads that reminded voters that Price voted in 1989 to increase salaries of all House members from $89,500 to $120,000 over two years.

In addition, Heineman revived allegations that Price "bounced" eight checks during the House bank scandal of the early 1990s, suggesting that Price was irresponsible and out of touch with the district.

But voters in the Democratic-leaning district, unimpressed by Heineman's efforts to revive the pay increase and overdraft stories, returned Price to office by a comfortable margin.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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