[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Kansas - 2nd District

Jim Ryun (R-Kan.)

Born: April 29, 1947, Wichita, Kan.
Education: U. of Kansas, B.A. 1970.
Occupation: Motivational speaker; author; product consultant; Olympic athlete.
Family: Wife, Anne Snider; four children.
Religion: Presbyterian.
Political Career: No previous office.
Capitol Office: 511 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-6601.

By Congressional Quarterly

Ryun, a former Olympic runner who once held the world record for the mile, joins a handful of other well-known athletes in Congress. During the campaign, he benefited from his high name recognition in Kansas, where he is a local hero.

His arrival in the House resulted from an unusual chain of events. First, Majority Leader Bob Dole announced in May 1996 that he would leave the Senate to focus full-time on his presidential bid. Then GOP freshman Sam Brownback, who represented the Topeka- based 2nd District, decided to run for Dole's seat.

That created an open contest for Brownback's seat in the House. Ryun was seen as the front-runner from the start.

A social and fiscal conservative, Ryun, who had worked as a motivational speaker and been involved in sports camps, gained the backing of the conservative wing of Kansas' badly split Republican Party.

But he faced a three-way contest for the nomination with two more moderate candidates: Douglas S. Wright, a former mayor of Topeka; and Cheryl Brown Henderson, whose family had been involved in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education school desegregation case.

With such a late start to the primary campaign, none of the Republican candidates had time to build a large fundraising base. Meanwhile, Democrat John Frieden, a well-funded lawyer who had planned to challenge Brownback, could wait for the eventual GOP winner.

While Ryun highlighted family and economic issues, Wright presented himself as the only candidate in the race with political experience. Henderson, meanwhile, tried to appeal to women.

Ryun, who won the silver medal for the 1,500-meter race at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City, was aided by the media focus on the 1996 Olympic Games during the weeks leading up to the Aug. 6 primary.

In the general election, Frieden, a moderate-to-conservative Democrat, tried to paint Ryun as too extreme for the district.

In particular, Democrats tried to focus attention on an article Ryun and his wife, Anne, wrote in which they advocated a "courtship" style of dating for young people. They suggested that a boy should seek permission from a girl's father before asking her out and that there should be no dating at all unless the couple's ultimate intention is to marry -- rules the Ryuns say they carry out with their own children.

Ryun's campaign, meanwhile, expressed frustration with this focus, contending that while Ryun stands by his writings, his family should be off-limits. Ryun tried to focus the race on economic concerns such as balancing the federal budget and shrinking the government through such actions as elimination of the Department of Education.

Ryun supports a $500-per-child tax credit and calls for cutting the taxes paid by small businesses. He also takes a conservative line on social issues, opposing abortion rights and supporting school vouchers, which are designed to give children a choice of schools.

While Frieden had backing from most Democrats and Ryun gained support from conservative Republicans, including conservative Christian and anti-abortion groups, the two fought for the votes of moderate Republicans.

Overall, while Frieden cut Ryun's big early lead in the polls, he failed to overtake him on Nov. 5.

Ryun joins several other high-profile former athletes in the House GOP ranks. These include Jim Bunning of Kentucky, a pitcher who was inducted into Major League Baseball's Hall of Fame in 1996, and Oklahomans Steve Largent, who played wide receiver for the Seattle Seahawks, and J. C. Watts, a former star quarterback for the University of Oklahoma Sooners.

Ryun will sit on the Banking and Financial Services, National Security and Small Business committees. He got a jump on seniority over his classmates, being sworn in early to succeed Brownback, who was sworn in early to the Senate.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Kansas - 3rd District

Vince Snowbarger (R-Kan.)

Born: Sept. 16, 1949, Kankakee, Ill.
Education: Southern Nazarene U., B.A. 1971; U. of Illinois, M.A. 1974; U. of Kansas, J.D. 1977.
Occupation: Lawyer; college instructor.
Family: Wife, Carolyn, two children.
Religion: Nazarene.
Political Career: Kansas House, 1985-97, majority leader, 1993- 97.
Capitol Office: 509 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-2865.

By Congressional Quarterly

Like a few of his classmates, Snowbarger must adjust to life as a freshman after having held one of the most powerful positions in his state legislature -- in his case, state House majority leader.

Snowbarger, a conservative, arrived on the Hill after surviving not only a fiercely combative primary that reflected the bitter split in the Kansas Republican Party, but also a hotly contested general election campaign.

For six terms, the 3rd District, Kansas' most geographically compact, was represented by Jan Meyers, who belongs to the state party's moderate wing. Meyers' social moderation, combined with her more conservative bent on economic issues, seemed to fit the suburban district centered around Kansas City. The district typically votes Republican.

When Meyers decided to retire after her sixth term, six candidates sought the GOP nomination. The two most prominent were Overland Park Mayor Ed Eilert, a social moderate backed by Meyers and other prominent moderates; and Snowbarger, who gained support from the growing, socially conservative wing of the state party.

Eilert and Snowbarger traded charges on fiscal and other concerns. Their different positions on abortion --Snowbarger opposes abortion rights, while Eilert, like Meyers, supports them - - also became an issue. But in the end, although outspent by Eilert, Snowbarger emerged on top of the pack in the state's Aug. 6 primary.

He then headed for a matchup with Democratic nominee Judy Hancock, a well-funded lawyer who had mounted an unsuccessful challenge to Meyers in 1994. Democrats thought Snowbarger's conservatism would work to Hancock's advantage. While most Democrats lined up with Hancock and conservative Republicans backed Snowbarger, the two vied for the votes of moderate Republicans.

Again, Snowbarger, who picked up endorsements from Meyers and other key moderates, prevailed, defeating Hancock by a relatively narrow margin.

Snowbarger's campaign slogan was "Send a leader to Congress," and throughout his campaign he stressed his legislative experience, including his dozen years in the state House (the last four of which he spent as majority leader).

He has said that his state House style tended to be behind-the-scenes, and that he hopes to play a role in the communications network among his new colleagues and gradually work his way into the system.

In Congress, Snowbarger will sit on the Banking, Small Business, and Government Reform and Oversight committees.

During the campaign, Snowbarger touted his experience in working with the business community, stating that he was instrumental in efforts to reduce certain business-related taxes.

A lawyer, Snowbarger has been involved in such issues as estate planning and landlord-tenant relations.

During the campaign, he criticized Hancock for what his campaign called distortions of both his and her own political records. He also said she had worked outside Kansas during part of the 1970s and 1980s, and was not grounded in the district.

Like many conservatives, Snowbarger favors the devolution of power from the federal government to the states. He has said that his experience in the state legislature gives him the credibility to push for such measures in Congress.

Snowbarger supports a constitutional balanced-budget amendment, tax cuts, regulatory reform, additional changes in the welfare system and congressional term limits of 12 years. In addition, he takes a conservative stand on many social issues, opposing abortion rights and gun control.

Snowbarger, who holds a master's degree in political science, said he first ran for office at the suggestion of a student at MidAmerica Nazarene College, where he has taught history, political science and law. He then made his way through the grass-roots political structure in Olathe, Kan., his home base.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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