[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
California - 27th District

James Rogan (R-Calif.)

Born: Aug. 21, 1957; San Francisco.
Education: Univ. of Calif., Berkeley, B.A. 1979; U. of Calif., Los Angeles, J.D. 1983.
Occupation: Public official; judge.
Family: Wife, Christine; two children.
Religion: Christian.
Political Career: Glendale municipal court judge, 1990-94; Calif. Assembly, 1994-97 (maj. leader, 1996-97).
Capitol Office: 502 Cannon Bldg., 20515; 225-4176.

By Congressional Quarterly

Rogan is the product of a childhood riddled with difficulty, but the stars have shined on his political career since its infancy.

The former judge and state legislator was the immediate choice of area Republicans to succeed retiring 12-term Rep. Carlos J. Moorhead. The national party touted his candidacy as one of their best hopes throughout the campaign year of 1996, and House Republicans, recognizing a potential star in their midst, rewarded him with a seat on the Commerce Committee.

Moorhead had served on Commerce but was denied its chairmanship at the start of the 104th Congress because he was seen as having been too conciliatory toward Democrats in the past. Rogan reached across the aisle to make deals in Sacramento; he may be more conservative than Moorhead, but he is certainly equally amiable.

Rogan, a born-again Christian, wins kudos across party lines for his articulate calm and willingness. He wins respect even from those who disagree violently with his opposition to affirmative action and abortion rights in most cases, or his support of gun rights and school vouchers. In a 1996 survey of the Legislature by the independent California Journal, Rogan was rated the best overall member of the Assembly.

Rogan's Democratic opponent, Doug Kahn, attempted to link him to unpopular spending cuts proposed by House Republicans. But Rogan, like many Republicans running in tight races in 1996, likened his own positions on some issues to those held by President Clinton.

Clinton carried the district in 1996 with a greater margin than he had in 1992. Kahn, an heir to the Annenberg publishing fortune, vastly outspent Rogan and drew closer than he had in his two attempts to unseat Moorhead.

The narrowness of his win came as some surprise to Rogan, who had previously enjoyed a flawless ascent up the political ladder. His switch from the Democratic Party helped him as a Los Angeles County prosecutor draw the attention of Republican Gov. George Deukmejian, who appointed him a municipal judge in 1990. At age 33, he was the state's youngest sitting judge.

Rogan's House campaign's World Wide Web home page depicted him wearing judicial robes, but he had since traded them in for a seat in the state Assembly. He easily won an eight-way special primary in 1994 for the nomination to succeed a legislator convicted of racketeering.

Shortly after winning a full term, Rogan was approached by GOP colleagues who envisioned him as their first Assembly Speaker in a quarter-century. Republicans held a volatile one-seat majority in the chamber, and Rogan played a key role in reconciling the leadership struggle.

Republicans hoped that Assembly Democrats, some of whom had worked with Rogan on issues from strengthening domestic violence laws to legalizing the medical use of marijuana, would find him a compromise choice they could vote for. But because Rogan had already decided to run for Congress, he opted for the slightly less taxing role of majority leader.

It was a swift rise for the high school dropout. Rogan never knew his biological father, and his stepfather was an alcoholic. His mother was a convicted felon and welfare recipient, and he was raised mostly by his grandparents. He attended a community college and eventually received a law degree from the University of California at Los Angeles.

After working briefly as a corporate lawyer, Rogan signed on as a deputy district attorney. He once won a drunken driving case by making a point visually, pouring out 10 beers in front of jurors.

In the Assembly, Rogan voted against a bill to outlaw certain cheap handguns. He won a reputation as a strong supporter of gun rights, but nevertheless broke a logjam of long standing on another gun control measure. His amendment made it a felony for gang members and convicted criminals to carry concealed weapons and added a provision to allow citizens who were otherwise law-abiding to be charged only with a misdemeanor.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

California - 46th District

Loretta Sanchez (D-Calif.)

Born: Jan. 7, 1960, Lynwood, Calif.
Education: Chapman U., B.S1982; American U., M.B.A. 1984.
Occupation: Financial adviser; strategic management associate.
Family: Husband, Stephen Simmons Brixey III.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Political Career: Candidate for Anaheim City Council, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1529 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-2965.

By Congressional Quarterly

Sanchez became a giant killer with her stunning upset of Republican Rep. Robert K. Dornan. After absentee ballot counting indicated she would unseat Dornan by a paper-thin margin, the former Republican instantly turned into one of the biggest media stars of the Democratic Class of 1996.

Sanchez had run for office once before, finishing eighth in a field of 16 candidates competing for two spots on the Anaheim City Council in 1994. She ran under her married name of Brixey but chose not to use it for the House race.

A businesswoman who took a tough stance against crime, Sanchez was able to exploit the shifting regional demographics that are undercutting Orange County's traditional image as a conservative bastion. She had been a Republican until 1992.

Sanchez's effort was aided by unusually high turnout among Hispanic voters angry about a ballot initiative to end most state affirmative action programs. Sanchez supports such programs and opposes efforts to print official government publications in English only.

She may have been put over the top by suburbanites weary of Dornan's famously combative image and his staunch support of gun rights. (Dornan's fervent support of military spending, especially for the B-1 bomber, won him the nickname "B-1 Bob.")

Sanchez supports gay and abortion rights, making no exception for so-called partial-birth abortions.

A self-described "Head Start baby," she opposes flat tax plans and thoughts of cutting the student loan program. Although she echoes GOP concerns about the federal government playing a direct role in classroom education, she does not support vouchers, preferring to improve public schools. She favors targeted tax cuts, gun control and the death penalty.

Sanchez's parents immigrated from Mexico; they met while working at a Los Angeles manufacturing plant. Her father was a machinist, and her mother was a secretary who helped organize plant workers into a union.

Dornan, who ran an unsuccessful campaign for the GOP presidential nomination in 1996, returned to the district to find the political landscape changed.

Sanchez, who was an underdog even to win the Democratic nomination in a four-way field, attracted increasing support as the year went on from constituencies sensing Dornan's vulnerability. National teachers' unions and abortion rights groups contributed to her campaign. The partners of three openly gay members of Congress, including a Republican, hosted a Washington fundraiser for her, and her "get out the vote" effort was coordinated by a group still angry about Dornan's support of military aid to the Nicaraguan contras in the 1980s.

Sanchez's attacks on Dornan in numerous fliers mailed to district residents took their toll. Dornan also engaged in negative attacks, criticizing her association with Howard O. Kieffer, a three-time felon who volunteered on her primary campaign and lent it office space, phones and postage. After it was clear that he had lost, he got nastier. Told during a CNN appearance that Sanchez had suggested he accept defeat, Dornan said it was "a typical pond-scum lying charge from the filthiest campaign" ever.

Sanchez, the principal owner of AMIGA Associates, a public- sector consulting firm, also faced negative publicity when newspapers disputed her claim in a TV ad that she had saved Orange County $300 million with a transportation study.

Her husband was cited by police after Dornan's son placed him under citizen's arrest for tearing down the incumbent's yard signs.

Democratic leaders wanted to reward her surprise victory with a seat on a powerhouse committee, but a lack of available slots on prestige panels landed her instead on the Economic and Educational Opportunities Committee.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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